Siege of Nauplia (1715)

The Siege of Nauplia took place on 12–20 July 1715, when the Ottoman Empire captured the city of Nauplia (Napoli di Romagna), the capital of the Republic of Venice's "Kingdom of the Morea" in southern Greece. Although Nauplia was strongly fortified and had been further strengthened with the construction of Palamidi fortress by the Venetians, the Ottomans managed to overcome them, largely through the treasonous assistance of the French colonel La Salle. The Ottomans exploded a mine and took Palamidi by storm on 20 July. The Venetian defenders retreated in panic, leading to the rapid fall of Acronauplia and the rest of the city. The garrison and populace were massacred or carried off as prisoners. The fall of Nauplia signalled the effective end of Venetian resistance to the Ottoman reconquest of the Morea, which was completed by 7 September.[2][3][4]

Siege of Nauplia
Part of the Seventh Ottoman–Venetian War
Palamidi fortress (Nafplio, Greece).jpg
View of the Palamidi fortress today
Date12–20 July 1715
Location
Result Ottoman victory
Belligerents
 Republic of Venice Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Republic of Venice Geronimo Dolfin
Republic of Venice Alessandro Bon
Silahdar Damat Ali Pasha
Strength
over 4,500 men[1] over 70,000 men[1]
Casualties and losses
over 8,000 killed[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Chasiotis 1975, p. 42.
  2. ^ Setton 1991, pp. 339, 430–431.
  3. ^ Finlay 1856, pp. 270–271.
  4. ^ Chasiotis 1975, pp. 42–43.

SourcesEdit

  • Chasiotis, Ioannis (1975). "Η κάμψη της Οθωμανικής δυνάμεως" [The decline of Ottoman power]. In Christopoulos, Georgios A. & Bastias, Ioannis K. (eds.). Ιστορία του Ελληνικού Έθνους, Τόμος ΙΑ΄: Ο Ελληνισμός υπό ξένη κυριαρχία (περίοδος 1669 - 1821), Τουρκοκρατία - Λατινοκρατία [History of the Greek Nation, Volume XI: Hellenism under Foreign Rule (Period 1669 - 1821), Turkocracy – Latinocracy] (in Greek). Athens: Ekdotiki Athinon. pp. 8–51. ISBN 978-960-213-100-8.
  • Finlay, George (1856). The History of Greece under Othoman and Venetian Domination. London: William Blackwood and Sons. OCLC 1903753.
  • Setton, Kenneth Meyer (1991). Venice, Austria, and the Turks in the Seventeenth Century. Philadelphia, Massachusetts: The American Philosophical Society. ISBN 0-87169-192-2.