Siege of Dresden

The siege of Dresden took place in July 1760 during the Third Silesian War (part of the Seven Years' War) when a Prussian force led by Frederick the Great unsuccessfully besieged the city of Dresden in Saxony.

Siege of Dresden
Part of the Third Silesian War (Seven Years' War)
Canaletto (I) 013.jpg
The ruins of the Kreuzkirche, destroyed by Prussian bombardment. Bernardo Bellotto, oil on canvas, 1765
Date13–22 July 1760
Location51°03′00″N 13°44′00″E / 51.0500°N 13.7333°E / 51.0500; 13.7333Coordinates: 51°03′00″N 13°44′00″E / 51.0500°N 13.7333°E / 51.0500; 13.7333
Result Austro–Saxon victory
Belligerents
 Prussia Holy Roman Empire Austria
 Saxony
Commanders and leaders
Frederick the Great Johann Macguire
Strength
13,900
  current battle

Frederick had previously occupied Dresden in 1756 during his Invasion of Saxony, which had triggered the outbreak of war. In 1759 it had been taken back by Austria-led forces. Frederick now targeted it in an attempt to reassert control over Saxony where he had expansionist territorial ambitions.

The Prussian army reached the outskirts of Dresden on 13 July followed closely by a corps of Austrian troops under Count von Lacy. Frederick's forces crossed the River Elbe and overran the suburbs of the city bringing up heavy guns to target inside the city walls.[1] Frederick was accused of deliberately shelling civilian areas of the city.[2]

Deciding to move and confront the threatening army of Daun, Frederick abandoned his attempt to reoccupy the city and withdrew. The large amount of damage done to the city and indiscriminate destruction further damaged Frederick's reputation across much of Europe. In particular, his destruction of the Elector of Saxony's gardens at Pirna in the wake of the siege, drew criticism.[3]

Dresden was the third major siege Frederick had been forced to abandon following Prague (1757) and Olomouc (1758).[4] Frederick's forces crossed into Silesia and fought the Battle of Liegnitz on 15 August.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Szabo p.282
  2. ^ Childs p.168
  3. ^ Dull p.182
  4. ^ Szabo p.283

BibliographyEdit

  • Childs, John. Armies and Warfare in Europe, 1648–1789. Manchester University Press, 1982.
  • Dull, Jonathan R. The French Navy and the Seven Years' War. University of Nebraska Press, 2005.
  • Szabo, Franz A.J. The Seven Years War in Europe, 1757–1763. Pearson, 2008.