The Sideways I ꟷ is an epigraphic variant of Latin capital letter I used in early medieval Celtic inscriptions from Wales and southwest England (Cornwall and Devon). About 36 monumental inscriptions in Wales, and about 15 in Cornwall and Devon, mostly dating from the 5th-6th centuries, make use of this letter. Except for a single inscription from the Isle of Man, it is not found in monumental inscriptions elsewhere. The letter is used exclusively in a word-final position for Latin words (or Latinized Celtic names) in the second declension genitive singular.[1]

Detail of a memorial stone in Tavistock, Devon, inscribed SABINꟷ FILꟷ MACCODECHETꟷ ("Of Sabinus, son of Maccodechetus"), showing sideways I in the words Sabini and fili.


The character was proposed for encoding in the Unicode standard in 2011.[2] It has since been encoded at code point U+A7F7 LATIN EPIGRAPHIC LETTER SIDEWAYS I in Unicode 7.0.[3]


  1. ^ Nash-Williams, V. E. (1950). The Early Christian Monuments of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. p. 11. ISBN 9780708300329.
  2. ^ Everson, Michael (8 February 2012). "Proposal for the addition of five Latin characters to the UCS (N4030R2 & L2/12-082)" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.
  3. ^ "The Unicode Standard, Version 7.0; Latin Extended-D, Range: A720–A7FF" (PDF). Unicode Consortium.