Shunsuke Kikuchi

Shunsuke Kikuchi (菊池 俊輔, Kikuchi Shunsuke, 1 November 1931 – 24 April 2021) was a Japanese composer who was active from the early 1960s until 2017. He specialized in incidental music for media such as television and film. Kikuchi was regarded as one of Japan's most highly demanded film and TV composers, working principally on tokusatsu and anime productions, as well as violent action films, jidaigeki, and television dramas.

Shunsuke Kikuchi
菊池 俊輔
Shunsuke Kikuchi.jpg
Born(1931-11-01)1 November 1931
Died24 April 2021(2021-04-24) (aged 89)
Tokyo, Japan
Alma materNihon University College of Art
OccupationComposer and arranger
Years active1961–2017

Early life and educationEdit

Kikuchi was born on 1 November 1931 in the city of Hirosaki in Aomori Prefecture.[1] He graduated from Aomori Prefectural Hirosaki Technical High School, specializing in mechanics. Shunsuke then attended the Nihon University College of Art.[2]

CareerEdit

After graduating from the Nihon University College of Art, he made his debut composing for the 1961 film The Eighth Enemy (八人目の敵).[3] The Tō-Ō Nippō Press wrote that the contrast between the heroic opening theme and the melancholic ballad ending theme that Kikuchi composed for the 1969 Tiger Mask anime, "changed Japanese anime music."[3] Kikuchi composed the song "Urami Bushi" (怨み節), sung by Meiko Kaji, for the early 1970s Female Convict Scorpion series was included in the American film Kill Bill and on its soundtrack.[4] The Tō-Ō Nippō Press also wrote that the success of the TV drama Abarenbō Shōgun, which aired for 800 episodes from 1978 to 2008, had people say; "If Shunsuke Kikuchi is in charge of the music, the show will be a hit."[3]

In 1976 kikuchi composed the music for Divine Demon-Dragon Gaiking (大空魔竜ガイキング, Daikū Maryū Gaikingu); in 1979 composed "Doraemon no Uta", the theme song of the Doraemon anime, which ran on TV for 26 years.[3] Up-tempo works like those in Kamen Rider and Abarenbō Shōgun form the majority of Kikuchi's works, while his slow background music from long-running series have become some of his best-known works. Some notable works that he composed for, include anime and tokusatsu like Doraemon, Kamen Rider, Dragon Ball, Dragon Ball Z, jidaigeki such as Abarenbō Shōgun and Chōshichirō Edo Nikki, and TBS Saturday-night productions ranging from Key Hunter to G-Men '75 became long-running hit series.[5][6]

Retirement and deathEdit

Kikuchi ceased composing music in 2017, when he stated that he was taking a break to be treated for an illness.[7] Kikuchi died while being treated for pneumonia in a hospital in Tokyo on 24 April 2021. His death was announced four days later.[8]

AwardsEdit

In 1983 Kikuchi was nominated for the Japan Academy Prize for Music for his work on The Gate of Youth and To Trap a Kidnapper. He received an Award of Merit at the 2013 Tokyo Anime Awards.[9]

Kikuchi has won several annual awards from the Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers based on the royalties he earned from his works in the previous year. He won the International Award, which is based on foreign income, in 1983 (UFO Robot Grendizer), 1989 (UFO Robot Grendizer), 2008 (Dragon Ball Z), 2010 (Doraemon), 2012 (Doraemon), 2015 (Dragon Ball Z), 2016 (Kiteretsu Daihyakka), 2018 (Dragon Ball Z), and 2019 (Dragon Ball Z). He came in second in overall royalties in 2004 (Dragon Ball Z).[10] In 2015, he received a lifetime achievement award at the 57th Japan Record Awards.[11][12]

Selected worksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "作曲家・菊池俊輔さん、誤嚥性肺炎で死去 89歳 『ドラえもんのうた』『仮面ライダー』など手掛ける" [Composer Shunsuke Kikuchi died of pneumonia at the age of 89, he worked on "Doraemon no Uta" and "Kamen Rider"]. Yahoo! Japan News (in Japanese). 28 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  2. ^ "耳に残る数多のメロディー「ドラえもん」「暴れん坊将軍」…作曲家・菊池俊輔さん(弘前出身)死去、89歳" [Many melody memorable "Doraemon" "The Unfettered Shogun" ... composer Shunsuke Kikuchi (from Hirosaki) died, 89 years old]. Yahoo! Japan News (in Japanese). The Tō-Ō Nippō Press. 28 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d "第59回東奥賞". The Tō-Ō Nippō Press. 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  4. ^ D., Chris (2005). "Meiko Kaji". Outlaw Masters of Japanese Film. London ; New York: I.B. Tauris. p. 59. ISBN 1-84511-086-2.
  5. ^ Ankers, Adele (28 April 2021). "Shunsuke Kikuchi, Dragon Ball Music Composer, Dies Aged 89". IGN. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  6. ^ "菊池俊輔さん死去 「ドラえもん」「Gメン75年」作曲 89歳" [Shunsuke Kikuchi dies "Doraemon" "G-Men '75" composer, 89 years old]. Tokyo Shimbun (in Japanese). 29 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  7. ^ "昭和のアニメ音楽が再評価される理由". NHK. 2017-11-14. Archived from the original on 2017-11-17. Retrieved 2020-09-25.
  8. ^ "「ドラえもん」作曲 菊池俊輔さん(弘前出身)死去" ["Doraemon" composer Shunsuke Kikuchi (from Hirosaki) dies]. The Tō-Ō Nippō Press (in Japanese). 28 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Wolf Children, Late Director Noboru Ishiguro Win Tokyo Anime Awards". Anime News Network. 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
  10. ^ "Evangelion is #4 in Japanese Music Royalties in Last 30 Years". Anime News Network. 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2015-12-15.
  11. ^ "『レコ大』司会、2年連続で安住アナ&仲間由紀恵 クマムシに特別賞" (in Japanese). Oricon. 2015-11-20. Retrieved 2015-11-20.
  12. ^ Nandkeolyar, Karishma (28 April 2021). "'Dragon Ball Z' music composer Shunsuke Kikuchi dies". Gulf News. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  13. ^ a b c d e Patten, Fred (2004). Watching anime, reading manga: 25 years of essays and reviews. Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 978-1-880656-92-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  14. ^ Thomas, Brian (2003). VideoHound's dragon: Asian action & cult flicks. Visible Ink Press. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-57859-141-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  15. ^ Thomas, Brian (2003). VideoHound's dragon: Asian action & cult flicks. Visible Ink Press. p. 200. ISBN 978-1-57859-141-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  16. ^ Harris, Steve (1988). Film, television, and stage music on phonograph records: a discography. McFarland. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-89950-251-9. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  17. ^ Spencer, Kristopher (2008). Film and television scores, 1950-1979: a critical survey by genre. McFarland. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-7864-3682-8. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  18. ^ Young, R. G. (1 April 2000). The encyclopedia of fantastic film: Ali Baba to Zombies. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 238. ISBN 978-1-55783-269-6. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  19. ^ Thomas, Brian (2003). VideoHound's dragon: Asian action & cult flicks. Visible Ink Press. p. 245. ISBN 978-1-57859-141-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  20. ^ Thomas, Brian (2003). VideoHound's dragon: Asian action & cult flicks. Visible Ink Press. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-57859-141-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  21. ^ Thomas, Brian (2003). VideoHound's dragon: Asian action & cult flicks. Visible Ink Press. p. 419. ISBN 978-1-57859-141-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  22. ^ Thomas, Brian (2003). VideoHound's dragon: Asian action & cult flicks. Visible Ink Press. p. 575. ISBN 978-1-57859-141-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
  23. ^ Thomas, Brian (2003). VideoHound's dragon: Asian action & cult flicks. Visible Ink Press. p. 609. ISBN 978-1-57859-141-1. Retrieved 5 October 2010.

External linksEdit