Shu-Sin

Shu-Sin, also Šu-Suen (Akkadian: 𒀭𒋗𒀭𒂗𒍪: DŠuDSîn, after the Moon God Sîn", the "𒀭" being a silent honorific for "Divine", formerly read Gimil-Sin) was king of Sumer and Akkad, and was the penultimate king of the Ur III dynasty. He succeeded his brother Amar-Sin, and reigned c. 1972-1964 BC (short chronology).

Shu-Sin
𒀭𒋗𒀭𒂗𒍪
5-mina weight Shu-Shin Louvre AO246.jpg
5-mina weight with the name of Shu-Sin, with his regnal titles, from Girsu, Louvre Museum
King of the Neo-Sumerian Empire
Reignc. 2037  BC – 2029  BC
PredecessorAmar-Sin
SuccessorIbbi-Sin
IssueIbbi-Sin
Dynasty3rd Dynasty of Ur
FatherShulgi

ReignEdit

Following an open revolt of his Amorite subjects, he directed the construction of a fortified wall between the Euphrates and the Tigris rivers in his fourth year, intending it to hold off any further Amorite attacks. He was succeeded by his son Ibbi-Sin.

The oldest love poem ever found is addressed to Shu-Sin by a female speaker.[1] It includes erotic language, and the speaker expresses her strong desires and longings for the king.[2][3][4]

Year names of Shu-sinEdit

The year names for the reign of Shu-sin are all known and give an information about the events of his reign. The most important ones are:[5]

1 Year Szu-Sin became king
2 Year Szu-Sin the king of Ur made / caulked the boat of Enki (called the) 'ibex of the abzu'
3 Year Szu-Sin the king of Ur destroyed Simanum
4 Year Szu-Sin the king of Ur built the amurru wall (called) 'muriq-tidnim / holding back the Tidanum'
6 Year Szu-Sin the king of Ur erected a magnificent stele for Enlil and Ninlil
7 Year Szu-Sin, the king of Ur, king of the four quarters, destroyed the land of Zabszali
9 Year Szu-Sin the king of Ur built the temple of Szara in Umma

ArtifactsEdit

There is vast number of artifacts with inscriptions in the name of Shu-sin.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Oldest love poem". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  2. ^ Fant, Clyde E.; Reddish, Mitchell G. (2008-10-15). Lost Treasures of the Bible: Understanding the Bible Through Archaeological Artifacts in World Museums. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 9780802828811.
  3. ^ Longman, Tremper III; Enns, Peter (2008-06-06). Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings: A Compendium of Contemporary Biblical Scholarship. InterVarsity Press.
  4. ^ "The World's Oldest Love Poem". Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  5. ^ "T6K4.htm". cdli.ucla.edu.
  6. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts". cdli.ucla.edu.
  • Nicole Brisch, The Priestess and the King: The Divine Kingship of Šū-Sîn of Ur, Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 126, no. 2, pp. 161–176, (Apr. - Jun., 2006)
  • Stiebing Jr., William H. (2003). Ancient Near Eastern History and Culture. New York: Pearson Education. ISBN 0-321-06674-X.

External linksEdit

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Amar-Sin
King of Ur, Sumer and Akkad
ca. 21st century BCE
Succeeded by
Ibbi-Sin