Shtjefën Gjeçovi

Shtjefën Konstantin Gjeçov-Kryeziu (12 July 1874 – 14 October 1929) was an Albanian Catholic priest, ethnologist, and folklorist. He is regarded as the father of Albanian folklore studies.[1]

Shtjefën Gjeçovi
At Shtjefën Gjeçovi.jpg
Born12 July 1874
Died14 October 1929
NationalityOttoman Empire, Austria-Hungary, Albania
OccupationCatholic priest, ethnologist and folklorist
Known forAlbanian folklore studies
Signature
Shtjefni Konstandini Gjeçov (nënshkrim).svg

LifeEdit

Gjeçovi was born on 12 July 1874 (some sources mention 3 October 1873[2]) in Janjeva, Prizren Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (now Kosovo).[1] He was educated by the Franciscans in Bosnia (under control of Austria-Hungary) and moved to Ottoman Albania in 1896, having become a priest, and spent the years between 1905 and 1920 among the Albanian highland tribes, collecting oral literature, tribal law, archaeology and folklore.[1] Gjeçovi was also an important collector of the Albanian Songs of the Frontier Warriors.[1]

An Albanian patriot and a diligent researcher on everything related to the Albanian past, he was loathed by the Serbian population and the local authorities.[2] He was shot on 14 October 1929, in the village of Zym near Gjakova (at the time part of Yugoslavia) while serving as the local priest and teacher by Serbian nationalist. There are monuments in his honour at Zym as well as in Janjeva, along with the house he was born and raised becoming his museum.[3] His grave is in the Karashëngjergj village not far from Zym, and is a place of pilgrimage.[2]

 
Gjeçovi's home in Janjevo

Several schools in Kosovo and Albania bear his name.[4][5][6] "Traces of Gjeçovi" (Albanian: Gjurmë të Gjeçovit), is a yearly event held in his birthplace Janjeva since 2000, to memorialize and promote his work and legacy.[7]

Kanuni i Lekë DukagjinitEdit

Gjeçovi collected and wrote Kanuni i Lekë Dukagjinit, a set of traditional Albanian customary laws that was published in 1933. Although researchers of history and customs of Albania usually refer to Gjeçovi's text of the Kanun as the only existing version which is uncontested and written by Lekë Dukagjini, it was actually incorrect. The text of the Kanun, often contested and with many different interpretations, was only named after Dukagjini.[8] The customary laws were not static in period between 15th and 20th century and one of the main reasons for Gjeçovi's work on the Kanun was to adapt it to correspond with the changes in the society of Albania.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Elsie, Robert (2004). Songs of the frontier warriors. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. pp. xi. ISBN 978-0-86516-412-3.
  2. ^ a b c Robert Elsie (2004), Historical Dictionary of Kosova, Historical Dictionaries of Europe (1 ed.), Scarecrow Press, pp. 66–67, ISBN 0810853094
  3. ^ Galica, Besart (15 October 2011), Jahjaga në Zym: Kontribut i madh i atdhetarit Atë Shtjefën Gjeçovi(Jahjaga in Zym: Great contribution of the patriot Dom Shtjefën Gjeçovi) (in Albanian), RTV 21, retrieved 2013-08-29
  4. ^ Matura shtetërore, shkollat bëhen të rrepta pas zgjedhjeve (Graduate year of State High Schools, schools become stricter after election) (in Albanian), Gazeta Shqip, 30 June 2013, retrieved 2013-08-29
  5. ^ "Shtjefen Gjeçovi" kremton ditën e shkollës ("Shtjefen Gjeçovi" celebrates School Day) (in Albanian), Lipjan Commune, 22 June 2012, retrieved 2013-08-29
  6. ^ "Lista e shkollave të mesme të komunës së Prishtinës (List of High Schools in the Pristina Commune)" (PDF) (in Albanian). Municipality of Pristina. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-06-12. Retrieved 2013-08-29.
  7. ^ Lipjan: "Gjurmë të Gjeçovit 2011″, manifestim letrar në Janjevë (Lipjan: "Traces of Gjeçovi 2011", a literary manifestation in Jnanjevo) (in Albanian), Lajmeshqip.com, 16 June 2011, retrieved 2013-08-29
  8. ^ Anna Di Lellio (2006). The Case for Kosova: Passage to Independence. Anthem Press. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-85728-712-0. Retrieved 24 September 2013. The first version of the kanun to be codified was based on the ethnographic work by an Albanian Franciscan priest by the name of Shtjefën Gjeçovi. Students of Albanian history and society sometimes refer to Gjeçovi's rendition as if it is the...
  9. ^ Julie Vullnetari; Russell King (15 August 2011). Remittances, Gender and Development: Albania's Society and Economy in Transition. I.B.Tauris. p. 194. ISBN 978-1-84885-487-1. Retrieved 24 September 2013. This is not to say that observance of the Kanun has remained static since the fifteenth century. One of the reasons why the Franciscan friar Shtjefën Gjeçovi is said to have codified the Kanun in 1913 was to bring it more