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Shropshire and Montgomeryshire Railway

Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway
Shrewsbury Abbey
00
Shrewsbury West
01
Meole Brace
0
Hookagate and Redhill
03
Hanwood Road
05
Cruckton
0
Shoot Hill
0
Ford and Crossgates
0
Shrawardine
0
Nesscliffe and Pentre
11¾
Edgerley
12½
Kinnerley Junction
13½
Wern Las
15
Criggion branch
Maesbrook
16
Chapel Lane
Melverley
Llanymynech
18
England
Wales
border
Crew Green
England
Wales
border
Llandrinio Road
Llanyblodwel
Criggion
Nantmawr quarry
Shoot Hill in 1967

The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway was a railway running from Shrewsbury, England to Llanymynech, Wales, with a branch to Criggion. The line was taken over by the War Department in 1941, and extensively reconstructed to serve Central Ammunition Depot Nesscliffe. It was finally closed in 1960.

HistoryEdit

It opened in 1911, running the reconstructed Potteries, Shrewsbury and North Wales Railway which continued to be owned by the Shropshire Railways Company, and was one of the Colonel Stephens Railways. It lost its passenger services in 1933, although some limited bank holiday services for tourists continued until 1937.

OperationsEdit

The terminus of the line was at Shrewsbury Abbey station not at Shrewsbury railway station. This was because the joint operators, Great Western Railway (GWR) and the London and North Western Railway (LNWR)[1] refused to let the smaller company have access to mainline services. After the main railway closed Shrewsbury Abbey was retained as an oil depot siding connected to a stub of the Severn Valley branch. The site finally closed in 1988. A new road in the area has been named "Old Potts Way" as a reminder of what was known as the Potts Railway.

A number of the stations shown in the diagram were added after the closure of the original Potteries, Shrewsbury & North Wales Railway.

CAD NesscliffeEdit

Central Ammunition Depot Nesscliffe was developed by the War Office/Ministry of Defence during World War II as an ammunition dump.[2] To service the extensive property, the MoD took over the virtually defunct S&MR from 1941,[3] and built extensive additional service tracks along the 8.75 miles (14.08 km) of railway line from Maesbrook to the former Ford and Crossgate railway station, south of the River Severn.[4]

Like a typical ammunition depot, the site was laid out over an extensive area to avoid total destruction should an accidental explosion occur, or the site be attacked by enemy. The site was made up of four sub-sites: Kinnerley; Pentre; Ford; and Argoed. The four sites were capable of storing around 50,000 tonnes (55,000 tons) of shells.[4]

There was also a sub-site at Loton Park, under the Alberbury medieval deer park, used for storage of both incendiary ammunition and chemical weapons shells from 1943. This was one of two CW depots operated in co-operation with and guarded by the United States Army Air Forces, the second being in Shepton Mallet, Somerset.[5][6]

Locomotives and train drivers were provided by the Royal Engineers, who also maintained the extensive network. Their main servicing depot for rolling stock was on the stub-junction of the former branchline to Criggion.[4]

ClosureEdit

Ammunition storage officially stopped in 1959 on site, and the ammunition depot closed in 1961, when the railway tracks were removed. Operational locomotives were moved to the Longmoor Military Railway, and the non-operational ones were sold.

Since this time, the 1,717 acres (695 ha) of flat pastureland have formed the British Army's Nesscliffe training area, capable of accommodating up to 530 personnel.[2]

LocomotivesEdit

1907–1941Edit

 
0-4-2T 'Gazelle' was used on the Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Railway in its military days. Museum of Army Transport, Beverley 8 August 1995.

The Hawthorn Leslie locomotives were new in 1911 but all the others were second-hand. Both the Hawthorn Leslies left between 1914 and 1916. Thisbe and Pyramus were sold to the government in 1916 and seem initially to have gone to the Cannock Chase Military Railway. Thisbe went to the Woolmer Instructional Military Railway where she lasted until 1931 whilst Pryamus was sold for industrial use in 1921. They were replaced by two "Ilfracombe Goods" locomotives which took the same names.

1941–1960Edit

Locomotive stock in 1941 consisted of: Gazelle, Hesperus and the three LNWR 0-6-0s. These were supplemented by various War Department locomotives, including ex-GWR 2301 Class 'Dean goods' 0-6-0s and Hunslet Austerity 0-6-0STs. From 1945, the Criggion branch was operated by a Sentinel steam locomotive (works no. 7026) owned by the British Quarrying Company.

Two of the war department locomotives were LNER J15 Class nos 7541 and 7835 (renumbered WD221 and WD212) which had been withdrawn by the LNER and sold to London Film Productions for their 1936 film Knight Without Armour. The two locomotives were moved to Denham film studios and modified to look more Russian as that was where the film was set. The locomotives were then sold to the War Department and worked on the Shropshire and Montgomeryshire Railway. During their war service both were involved in incidents and returned to Stratford in 1944 where they were subsequently scrapped.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  • Turner, Keith & Susan (1982). The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8233-0.
  • Johnson, Peter (2008). The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway. Hersham: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-86093-619-0.
  • Brooks E. Kleber & Dale Birdsell (4 April 2003). The Chemical Warfare Service: Chemicals in Combat. University Press of the Pacific. ISBN 1-4102-0485-5.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Denton, John Horsley (1986). Shrewsbury Railway Station: a brief history. Welshpool: J.H. Denton & T. Smith.
  2. ^ a b "Nescliffe Training Area". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  3. ^ Johnson, Peter (2008). The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Light Railway. Hersham: Oxford Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-86093-619-0.
  4. ^ a b c "Central Ammunition Depot Nesscliffe". airfieldinformationexchange.org. Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  5. ^ Brooks E. Kleber & Dale Birdsell. "The Chemical Warfare Service: Chemicals in Combat". scribd.com. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  6. ^ Brooks E. Kleber & Dale Birdsell (4 April 2003). The Chemical Warfare Service: Chemicals in Combat. University Press of the Pacific. ISBN 1-4102-0485-5.
  7. ^ a b c Middlemass, Tom. Stroudley and his Terriers. York: Pendragon. pp. 50–54. ISBN 1-899816-00-3.
  8. ^ Walker, Peter (July 2017). "Classic Camera". Great Eastern Journal. 171: 2.

Further readingEdit

  • Scott-Morgan, John (1978). The Colonel Stephens Railways: A Pictorial Survey. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0 7153 7544 X.
  • Tonks, Eric (1972). The Shropshire & Montgomeryshire Railway. Industrial Railway Society.

External linksEdit