Shoval (Hebrew: שׁוֹבָל‎) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located in the northern Negev desert near the Bedouin city of Rahat, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bnei Shimon Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 820.[1]

Shoval

שובל
شوفال
Shoval.JPG
Shoval is located in Northwest Negev region of Israel
Shoval
Shoval
Coordinates: 31°24′46″N 34°44′34″E / 31.41278°N 34.74278°E / 31.41278; 34.74278Coordinates: 31°24′46″N 34°44′34″E / 31.41278°N 34.74278°E / 31.41278; 34.74278
CountryIsrael
DistrictSouthern
CouncilBnei Shimon
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded6 October 1946
Founded byHashomer Hatzair members
Population
 (2019)
820[1]

EtymologyEdit

The kibbutz founders wanted to name it "Eilat" as they wanted to settle near the Red Sea, however, the naming committee chose the name Shoval.[2]
The origin of the name is from two passages in the Books of Chronicles:

″The sons of Se'ir: Lotan, Shoval, Tziv'on, 'Anah, Dishon, Etzer and Dishan.″ - 1 Chronicles 1:38
″The descendants of Y'hudah: Peretz, Hetzron, Karmi, Hur and Shoval.″ - 1 Chronicles 4:1

HistoryEdit

The kibbutz was founded on 6 October 1946 as part of the 11 points operation by a gar'in whose members were of Hashomer Hatzair and immigrants who had survived the Patria disaster.

EconomyEdit

Shoval has two major sources of income; agriculture and plastics manufacturing. Its dairy farm is one of the largest in the area and is managed as a partnership with kibbutz Na'an. It also has a vast area of arable land where wheat, barley and potatoes are grown. In addition there are several chicken coops that are mainly used to raise chickens for meat. The kibbutz also operates a plastic seals manufacturing plant named Seal Jet.

Arava Power Company operates a solar farm on Shoval's land. This 24 acre farm can produce 6.4 MW using 22100 JA Solar panels.[3]

EducationEdit

In 1963, a regional high school was built named Mevo'ot HaNegev in the kibbutz. The school serves pupils of the ages of 12-18 from the kibbutz and the surrounding settlements. The education system in the kibbutz also includes kindergartens and the young students learn in the Nitzanei HaNegev elementary school in Beit Kama. The kibbutz also hosts an ulpan for teaching the Hebrew language and its students study and work in the kibbutz.

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Jewish villages in Israel, Jewish National Fund, Jerusalem 1949, p.169
  3. ^ http://www.aravapower.com/Shoval%20Sun