Shotton, Flintshire

Shotton is a town and community in Flintshire, Wales, within the Deeside area along the River Dee, joined with Connah's Quay, near the border with England. It is located 5 miles (8 km) west of Chester and can be reached by road from the A548. At the 2011 Census Shotton had a population of 6,663. The OS Grid Reference is SJ305685[1][2]

Shotton
Shotton Flintshire Main Road.jpg
A view from the railway bridge, showing Chester Road
Shotton is located in Flintshire
Shotton
Shotton
Location within Flintshire
Population6,663 
(2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ305685
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDEESIDE
Postcode districtCH5
Dialling code01244
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Flintshire
53°12′32″N 3°02′31″W / 53.209°N 3.042°W / 53.209; -3.042Coordinates: 53°12′32″N 3°02′31″W / 53.209°N 3.042°W / 53.209; -3.042

EtymologyEdit

The town's name is first recorded in Old English as Cyllingas deriving from a Celtic origin Cyllin or Cylla. This original name appears to have persisted throughout the town's history, serving today in the oldest part of the modern town as Killin's Farm and Killin's Lane. In 1822 Richard Willett recorded that the town contained one of the parish's most notable ancient houses, which by that time was named Kyllins. Willett also stated that this name derived from the Welsh Language word Celyn (Holly).[3]


The town shares its modern English name with three other towns in Britain. These towns (all on the English side of the Scottish border) derive their names from Town of Scots but it is unlikely that a Flintshire town shares this etymology. The name probably derives from Scēot-tūn = "farmstead on or near a steep slope", or from Shot-tūn = "farmstead in a clearing in the wood". The town is officially named Shotton in both English and Welsh, making it one of the few towns in Wales to have neither a Welsh spelling or etymology.

HistoryEdit

Founded by Anglo-Saxons,[4] the town grew from the 18th century around coal mining and farming on reclaimed marshland. Shotton also became a railway junction.[5] Although known as Shotton Steelworks or Corrus or British Steel Shotton, the majority of the neighbouring large plant owned by Tata Steel lies in Connah's Quay.

There is 2.34km² area of Shotton <ref>{{citation|url=https://www.citypopulation.de/en/uk/wales/admin/flintshire/W04000208__shotton/ and the density is 3,001km² <ref>{{citation|url=https://www.citypopulation.de/en/uk/wales/admin/flintshire/W04000208__shotton/

It is also 50% roughly each on Male and Female and it is about 3,400 each roughly.<ref>{{citation|url=https://www.citypopulation.de/en/uk/wales/admin/flintshire/W04000208__shotton/ and most of the population is between the ages of 18-64 with 62.2%

The town lies under the Hawarden Bridge, which was completed in 1889 as a swing-opening bridge.

EducationEdit

Shotton is served by the following schools:

  • John Summers High School (formerly Deeside High School), now closed from 20 July 2017
  • Connah's Quay High School
  • Hawarden High School
  • Taliesin Junior School, built 1972, an English medium school in the town. In 2003 it had 182 pupils. It is named after the 6th-century Welsh bard Taliesin.
  • St Ethelwold's Primary School
  • Ysgol Ty Ffynnon
  • Venerable Edward Morgan Catholic

TransportationEdit

Transport links include Shotton railway station, on the Borderlands Line and the North Wales Coast Line.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 2001 Census: Shotton, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 1 January 2009
  2. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/uk-wales.php?cityid=W38000019
  3. ^ Willet, Richard (1822). A Memoir of Hawarden Parish, Flintshire, Containing Short Introductory Notices of the Princes of North Wales: So Far as to Connect, and Elucidate, Distant and Obscure Events. Hawarden, Wales. p. 120.
  4. ^ Atlkinson, Keith, Shotton From Saxon Times, retrieved 20 August 2009
  5. ^ Atlkinson, Keith, John Summers & Sons, retrieved 20 August 2009

External linksEdit