Shorland armoured car
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The Shorland is an armoured patrol car that was designed specifically for the Royal Ulster Constabulary by Frederick Butler. The first design meeting took place in November 1961. The third and final prototype was completed in 1964 and the first RUC Shorlands were delivered in 1966. They were reallocated to the Ulster Defence Regiment in 1970. The Royal Ulster Constabulary soon replaced the Shorland with an armoured Land Rover with more conventional profile and no machine gun turret.
|Shorland Internal Security Vehicle|
A Mk1 Shorland Shorland Internal Security Vehicle
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|In service||Royal Ulster Constabulary|
Ulster Defence Regiment
Lebanese Civil War
Rhodesian Bush War
Second Malayan Emergency
Internal conflict in Burma
Sri Lankan Civil War
Libyan Civil War
|Manufacturer||Short Brothers and Harland|
|Length||4.60 m (15 ft 1 in)|
|Width||1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|Height||2.29 m (7 ft 6 in)|
|7.62×51mm NATO machine gun|
91 hp (68 kW)
|Suspension||4 X 4|
|260–510 km (160–320 mi)|
|Speed||88 km/h (55 mph)|
By the nineties, the Land Rover Tangi, designed and built by the Royal Ulster Constabulary's own vehicle engineering team, was by far the most common model of armoured Land Rover.
Shorts and Harland continued to develop the original Shorland from an armoured patrol car with a crew of three to an armoured personnel vehicle, capable of carrying two up front and six in the rear; a small number of these were used on the streets in Northern Ireland as late as 1998.
In 1996, the Short Brothers sold the complete Shorland design to British Aerospace Australia.
They were also used by the RAF Police in Germany in the 1990’s for Special Weapons (Nuclear) escort duties.
- 67 bhp (50 kW) engine
- 77 bhp (57 kW) engine
- Introduced in 1972
- 91 bhp (68 kW) engine
- Thicker armour than Mk 1, Mk 2
- Production started in 1980
- 3.5 litre Rover V8 petrol engine
- Improved armour over Mk 3
- Based on the Defender 110 chassis
- 3.5 litre Rover V8 petrol engine or 2.5 litre Rover Tdi Turbo diesel engine
- Welded armour fully enclosed body.
- S5 - Prototype Armoured Patrol Car
- S51 - Armoured Patrol Car
- S52 - Armoured Patrol Car
- S53 - Air Defence Vehicle
- S54 - Anti-hijack Vehicle
- S55 - Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC)
Current and former operatorsEdit
- Argentina: 20
- Bahrain: 2
- Botswana: 10
- Brunei: 15
- Burundi: 7
- Guyana: 4
- Iraq: 72
- Lebanon - 30 in service with the Internal Security Forces.
- Libya: 15
- Malaysia: 20
- Mauritius: 4
- Nigeria - Some of local manufacture.
- Pakistan - 24 in service with the Sindh Police.
- Papua New Guinea - 5
- Portugal - 38 in service with the Portuguese Republican National Guard.
- Rhodesia - 2 mock Shorlands equipped with Ferret turrets were deployed for a Selous Scouts' covert operation in 1979.
- Saudi Arabia: 40
- Seychelles: 8
- Syria: 4
- Sri Lanka
- Thailand: 32
- Turkey: 100 in service with the Gendarmerie.
- United Arab Emirates: 6 acquired by the Sharjah National Guard in 1972, transferred to the Federal Police in 1976.
- United Kingdom
- Venezuela: 15
- "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- Monteiro, Berliet, Chaimite e UMM – Os Grandes Veículos Militares Nacionais (2018), p. 36.
- Locke & Cooke, Fighting Vehicles and Weapons of Rhodesia 1965-80 (1995), p. 94.
- Christopher F. Foss, Jane’s Tank & Combat Vehicle recognition guide, HarperCollins Publishers, London 2002. ISBN 0-00-712759-6
- Pedro Manuel Monteiro, Berliet, Chaimite e UMM – Os Grandes Veículos Militares Nacionais, Contra a Corrente, Lisboa 2018. ISBN 9789899901261 (Portuguese/English text)
- Peter Gerard Locke & Peter David Farquharson Cooke, Fighting Vehicles and Weapons of Rhodesia 1965-80, P&P Publishing, Wellington 1995. ISBN 0-473-02413-6