|Population||2,041 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
The probable derivation of the name is estate at the foot of a steep slope. Steep slope was from the Saxon word scor. pronounced shor, but written sore by Norman scribes.
The village of Shoreham contains three traditional independent pubs: The Samuel Palmer (formally Ye Olde George Inn), The King's Arms and the Crown; with The Rising Sun in nearby Twitton.
It was also known as a smuggling area. Moreover, Shoreham was the most bombed village in the United Kingdom during the Second World War because the Army took over several manor houses for operational use.
Papermaking was once a local industry; the mill closed finally in 1925.
Shoreham was the birthplace and home of Private Thomas Highgate, who was the first British soldier to be shot for desertion during the First World War on 8 September 1914, following the Battle of and Retreat from Mons. In 2000, when the memorial was being refurbished, Shoreham Parish Council voted not to inscribe Highgate’s name, although a space was left allowing for its inclusion at a later date. In 2006, a posthumous pardon led to some calls for Highgate’s details to be added.
The war memorial is incomplete. It has been established that at least one of its fallen, George Arthur Rouse (brother of Percy Aslin, marked on the memorial, both sons of Harriet Rouse, as recorded in the 1901 Census), is missing. One hundred years after he died, an effort to have George added was underway.
Opposite the church, and in a direct sight line from the war memorial, is the Shoreham Memorial Cross. The cross was cut into the chalk hillside in 1920 in remembrance of the men of Shoreham killed during the First World War. The cross is referenced in the inscription on the war memorial, which reads; ‘SHOREHAM/KENT/REMEMBER/AS YOU LOOK/AT/THE CROSS/ON THE HILL/THOSE/WHO GAVE/THEIR LIVES/FOR/THEIR COUNTRY/1914-1919’. The memorial is a Grade II listed structure. The Shoreham Cross was designated a Scheduled monument in October 2021.
Shoreham Aircraft MuseumEdit
The official opening of the Shoreham Aircraft Museum in 1978 was attended by fifteen former Battle of Britain pilots. It pays lasting tribute to all those airmen who fought in the skies over southern England during World War II and houses a substantial collection of aviation relics excavated by the group over many years from sites of crashed British and German aircraft, as well as items which have been donated.
Run by local enthusiasts, the Museum is largely funded by proceeds made by visitors whose donations contribute to the recovery and preservation of the artefacts. The Battle of Britain brought the village of Shoreham directly into the war when on 15 September 1940, a Dornier Do 17Z, part of a force of about 100 German bombers approaching London, was shot down shortly before noon. The invading formation had been challenged by nine RAF squadrons and the battle developed into a series of individual 'dogfights'. The unfortunate pilot of the Dornier was forced to land in a field at Castle Farm, with a Spitfire circling overhead, its cockpit canopy open, and its pilot waving a handkerchief, to signal a warning to the growing crowd of hop-pickers nearby to stay away until the Shoreham Home Guard arrived to recover the German crew. Feldwebel Heitsch, the pilot, and Feldwebel Pfeiffer, the observer, were driven to The Fox & Hounds pub in Knatts Valley, where they were bought a brandy before being driven to Sevenoaks Police Station. The museum holds a collection of photographs of the Dornier, along with items taken from the wreckage at the time.
Shoreham duck raceEdit
The Duck Race is a long-running event in the village. It is held each year, on the May Day bank holiday. Entrants pay a small fee (usually £1) to enter their 'duck' into the race. The duck has to travel along the river Darent from the war memorial in the village, to the bridge before the old Mill. A 'duck' can be anything from a shop-bought rubber duck to a model made by the entrant(s). Actual ducks are forbidden. It is a large event in the village and several hundred people turn out each year to line the riverbanks and watch. Anyone can enter and there is a prize for the 'Best Duck in Show' (awarded before the race begins) and the 'First placed Duck.' The money raised goes towards charitable organisations in the village.
On 29 September 1934, Airspeed Courier G-ACSY of London, Scottish & Provincial Airways Ltd crashed just north of Shoreham, at the bottom of Cockerhurst Road. The aircraft was on a scheduled international passenger flight from Paris to Croydon Airport and all four people on board were killed.
(in alphabetical order)
- Robert Ashington Bullen (1850–1912), geologist and authority on mollusca, was the vicar from 1888 to 1896.
- Verney Lovett Cameron (1844–1894), first European to cross Equatorial Africa from coast to coast, buried in the village graveyard.
- Paul Chaloner (born 11 November 1971), professional esports broadcast host, also known as RedEye.
- Robert Colgate, was a Shoreham farmer and a sympathiser with the French Revolution who, having been forced to leave Britain in 1793, travelled to the US where his son William Colgate founded the famous Colgate company in 1806.
- Harold Copping (1863-1932), famous illustrator of Biblical scenes, lived for many years at 'The Studio' in Shoreham and died there. He was buried in the churchyard of St Peter and St Paul in Shoreham.
- Shena Mackay (author) though born in Edinburgh, grew up in Shoreham.
- Lord Dunsany (1878–1957), the writer, lived here, at Dunstall Priory, serving in the Home Guard during World War II, and is buried here in the churchyard, with his wife
- London-born artist Samuel Palmer, (1805–1881) lived in the village from 1826 to 1835 where he was part of a group of artists who followed William Blake (there is a theory that Blake took his inspiration for 'Jerusalem' from the village's surroundings) and called themselves The Ancients. Palmer's work vividly depicts the local rural landscapes of the 1820s. Contrary to local myth, he did not live at the 'Water House' on the River Darent, but in a run-down farm cottage that has since been demolished. The mistake arises because his father, Samuel Palmer senior, rented the 'Water House' for some years.
- Anthony Powell, writer Powell's family lived at Dunstall Priory during the war and he visited whenever he was able to take leave from his duties at the War Office.
- Joseph Prestwich, geologist, lived in Shoreham until his death in 1896
- William Wall, lived in Shoreham
- Naomi Watts (born 28 September 1968), Hollywood actress, was born in Shoreham
- John Wesley is known to have often preached here; he was a friend of the then vicar, the celebrated Vincent Perronet
- Franklin White (1892-1975), painter, owner of The Samuel Palmer School of Fine Arts, Reedbeds, Church Street, Shoreham
- Franklin White (1923-2013), ballet dancer
- "Civil Parish 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Underdown, pp. 12–13.
- "England; Shot at dawn, pardoned 90 years on". BBC News. 16 August 2006. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- Historic England. "Shoreham War Memorial (Grade II) (1427626)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
- Historic England. "Shoreham Memorial Cross (1474978)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 15 December 2021.
- "The Big Family Cooking Showdown kitchen".
- "Air crash mystery". Eastern Daily Press. 4 June 2009. Archived from the original on 22 April 2014.
- "Bohemian rhapsodist | Books". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- "Franklin White Biography | Franklin White Collection". 23 February 2016. Archived from the original on 23 February 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Peter Franklin-White". News-Gazette.com. Retrieved 2 March 2014.