Shire of Pakenham

The Shire of Pakenham was a local government area located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) southeast of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. The shire covered an area of 874 square kilometres (337.5 sq mi), and existed from 1862 until 1994.

Shire of Pakenham
Old lga Pakenham.png
Location in Melbourne
Population29,500 (1992)[1]
 • Density33.75/km2 (87.42/sq mi)
Area874 km2 (337.5 sq mi)
Council seatPakenham
RegionOuter Southeast Melbourne
CountyMornington, Evelyn
Shire of Pakenham Logo.jpg
LGAs around Shire of Pakenham:
Sherbrooke Sherbrooke Upper Yarra
Berwick Shire of Pakenham Buln Buln
Cranbourne Korumburra Korumburra


The Berwick Road District was incorporated on 24 October 1862, and became a shire on 12 May 1868. At the time, it was a considerably larger area, extending well into what is now Melbourne's eastern and southeastern suburbs, including today's City of Knox, as well as areas east of Dandenong and the Dandenong Ranges.

On 23 May 1889, the Scoresby Riding was severed and incorporated as the Shire of Fern Tree Gully. Fern Tree Gully in turn was splintered in 1964, to form the City of Knox and the Shire of Sherbrooke.

In 1902, the Berwick Shire headquarters moved to Pakenham. The shire was generally rural in character, with fruit growing, dairying and sheep and cattle grazing being the main pursuits. However, from the 1950s onward, the western part, around Berwick and Narre Warren, experienced major residential growth as well as industrial development.[2] On 1 October 1973, the western part split from the shire and was immediately proclaimed as the City of Berwick. The remaining rural area was renamed the Shire of Pakenham on 1 September 1974.[3]

On 15 December 1994, the Shire of Pakenham was abolished, and, along with parts of the City of Cranbourne (Koo Wee Rup and Lang Lang) and the Shire of Sherbrooke (around Emerald and Cockatoo), was merged into the newly created Shire of Cardinia.[4]

Council met at the Shire Offices, in Duncan Drive, Pakenham. The facility is now the headquarters for the Shire of Cardinia.


The Shire of Pakenham was divided into four ridings on 1 April 1988, each of which elected three councillors:

  • Beacon Hills Ward
  • Iona Ward
  • Ranges Ward
  • Toomuc Ward

Suburbs and localitiesEdit

Outer Metropolitan:



Year Population
1954 12,412
1958 16,580*
1961 21,699
1966 28,751
1971 33,110+
1976 14,932
1981 17,876
1986 22,648
1991 27,619

* Estimate in the 1958 Victorian Year Book.
* Includes 20,474 from Berwick district and 12,636 from Pakenham district.


  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics, Victoria Office (1994). Victorian Year Book. p. 49. ISSN 0067-1223.
  2. ^ Monash University (1999). "Australian Places - Berwick Shire". Archived from the original on 2 August 2003. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
  3. ^ Victorian Municipal Directory. Brunswick: Arnall & Jackson. 1992. pp. 805–806, 832–833. Accessed at State Library of Victoria, La Trobe Reading Room.
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (1 August 1995). Victorian local government amalgamations 1994-1995: Changes to the Australian Standard Geographical Classification (PDF). Commonwealth of Australia. p. 5. ISBN 0-642-23117-6. Retrieved 16 December 2007.

Coordinates: 38°05′S 145°29′E / 38.083°S 145.483°E / -38.083; 145.483