Shin Sung-mo

Shin Sung-mo (Korean: 신성모, October 20, 1891 – May 29, 1960)[2] was an acting prime minister in 1950 following the first prime minister of South Korea, Lee Beom-seok. He served as a Defence Minister during the Korean War.[1]

Shin Sung-mo
신성모
Shin sung.jpg
Mate at the time of sinseongmo
Prime Minister of South Korea
Acting[1]
In office
April 21, 1950 – November 23, 1950
Preceded byLee Beom-seok
Succeeded byChang Myon
Personal details
Born(1891-10-20)October 20, 1891
Uiryeong, Gyeongsang-do, Joseon (now Uiryeong, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea)
DiedMay 29, 1960(1960-05-29) (aged 68)
Seoul, South Korea
Cause of deathCerebral hemorrhage
Resting placeDaejeon National Cemetery
CitizenshipSouth Korean
NationalityKorean
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationSin Seong-mo
McCune–ReischauerSin Sŏngmo
Pen name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationSochang
McCune–ReischauerSoch'ang

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

In 1891, he was born in Uiryeong, Gyeongsang-do, Joseon (now Uiryeong, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea), as the son of Jae rok Lee. In 1907, he entered the night class at the Department of Law at Bosung College, and graduated from Boseong Law College in 1910 (4 years in Yonghee). In August 1910, he fled to Vladivostok and joined into the anti-Japanese independence movement under the guidance of Shin Chae-ho and his hometown leader, Ahn Hee-je.

From 1930, he became the captain of a regular ferry to and from London and India. When the Korean Liberation Army was established in September 1940, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea made a special appointment to him as a military commissioner. During World War II, it was known in Korea that he was surviving around May 1948 after giving up his return and taking office as an adviser to an Indian merchant ship company.

Political activityEdit

He returned to Korea in 1948. On December 19, 1949, he was invited to the Supreme Council of the Korean Youth.[3] After that, he served as the head of the Korea Youth Team and advisory committee of the Ministry of Transportation, in 1949 he served as the second Minister of Home Affairs (Korean: 대한민국 내무부). On March 21, 1949 he became the second Minister of Defense (Korean: 대한민국 국방부) a position he held until 5th of May, 1951. Syngman Rhee preferred a person who speaks English well and Shin was said to be fluent in English while studying in London.

Upon returning, he is given the title Admiral. At the time, he served as the captain of a British merchant ship, advisor and director of an Indian merchant ship, but received military training in China and was adjutant to the Chinese Navy Admiral Sal Jinbing, the Korean Provisional Government's Korean Liberation Army Being a member of the military was recognized for his career, he was given the rank of lieutenant general of the Navy, and he was called Admiral Holy Mother.

On July 17, 1949, while as Minister of National Defense, he said, "The military is waiting for orders from the President, and with orders, it can completely take over Pyongyang or Wonsan within a day." When the remarks became a problem, he explained that his remarks were misunderstood, but in early September of that year, he insisted, "I just wait for the time to come and I'm ready to push."

As Lee Beom-seok resigned from his post as Prime Minister, Shin Sung was inaugurated as acting Prime Minister on April 21, 1950, and worked until November 22.

Korean WarEdit

 
Defense Minister Shin Sung-mo with Deputy Minister of Defense Jang Kyung-geun [ko], and Director Chung Il-kwon (from left), standing side by side at the Naval Headquarters after the 3rd Army Operation Agreement. Chung Il-kwon was shortly after being issued by the Commander-in-chief of the Army, Naval and Air Force.

The Korean War broke out and in the beginning of the war, at the State Council meeting held at 4:00AM on June 27, 1950, Shin Sung-mo who was Minister of Defense said that he had no knowledge of the situation.[4]

He was a member of the Provisional Government Military Committee, but unlike Lee Beom-seok, Ji Cheong-cheon, Kim Hong-il and others, he had no experience in direct combat with the army as he was engaged in maritime vessel-related work, communication-related, and interpretation-related work before the repatriation. As a member of the State Council of the Republic of Korea, he showed a completely different attitude from his position to take care of the safety of the people.[5] At the time of the Korean War, he served as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Regarding the massacre of the Geochang massacre in 1951, he was criticized by the National Assembly that it was rationalizing the case with Kim Jong-won (Korean: 김종원), who was then martial arts commander. It was found that some of the gold was used as political funds for Syngman Rhee. At this time, Shin Sung-mo resigned as Minister of National Defense while trying to avoid it. In 1951, he worked as the fifth chief executive officer of Japan.

At this time, Chough Pyung-ok who was the Minister of Home Affairs (Korean: 대한민국 내무부) and the Prime Minister's office disagreed over his appointment as the Japanese public official, and the Democratic National Party's top member, Yun Posun, also objected by mentioning his morality over the National Defense Force and Geochang massacre, but President Syngman Rhee kneels on their backlash and mocked Shin Sung-mo Japan Corporation jobs were passed.

After the ceasefireEdit

On November 28, 1956, he served as the Dean of the Maritime University and was sick and died of cerebral hemorrhage at Uiryeong on May 29, 1960. After being buried in Seonyeong, Yongdeok-myeon, Uiryeong-gun, South Gyeongsang Province, it was later transferred to the Daejeon National Cemetery.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "New evidence of Korean war killings". BBC. 2000-04-21. Retrieved 2010-07-23.
  2. ^ 신성모 [Shin Sung-mo]. 야후! 백과사전 [Yahoo! Encyclopedia] (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  3. ^ 대한청년단' - 네이트 백과사전
  4. ^ 전쟁기념사업회, 《한국전쟁사 3권》(행림출판, 1992) 39쪽.
  5. ^ [http://allinkorea.net/sub_read.html?uid=38095&section=section11 6·25 남침전쟁 10대 미스터리의 실체]
Political offices
Preceded by
Lee Beom-seok
Acting Prime Minister of South Korea
1950
Succeeded by
Chang Myon
Preceded by
Lee Beom-seok
Minister of National Defence
1949-1951
Succeeded by
Lee Ki-poong