Shimon Shkop

Shimon Yehuda Shkop (Hebrew: שמעון שקופ; 1860 – October 22, 1939) was a rosh yeshiva (dean) of the Yeshiva of Telshe and then of Yeshiva Shaar HaTorah of Grodno, and a Talmid Chacham (Talmudic scholar).


Shimon Yehuda Shkop
Rabbi Shimon Shkop.jpg
Torez, Belarus
DiedOctober 22, 1939 (aged 78–79)
SpouseLeah Shkop (née Idelevich)
  • Yitzchak Shmuel Shkop (father)
  • Rachel Shkop (née Kaplan) (mother)
DenominationOrthodox Judaism
Alma materVolozhin Yeshiva
Jewish leader
PredecessorRabbi Alter Shulevitz
PositionRosh yeshiva
YeshivaGrodno Yeshiva
Main workShaarei Yosher
Yahrtzeit9 Marcheshvan
ResidenceGrodno, Belarus

Early lifeEdit

Shkop was born in Torez, today in Belarus, in 1860. At the age of twelve he went to study in the Mir Yeshiva for two years. He then traveled to the Volozhin yeshiva where he studied with Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin for six years. His study partners included Chaim Ozer Grodzinski.[1][2]

Telz and GrodnoEdit

Shkop married a niece of Eliezer Gordon, and in 1884 was appointed a rosh mesivta at Telz Yeshiva,[2] where he remained for 18 years. While there, he developed a system of Talmudic study which became known as the "Telz way of learning;"[citation needed] this combined the logical analysis of Chaim Soloveitchik with the simplicity and clarity of Naftali Zvi Yehuda Berlin.

In 1903, he became rabbi of Moltsh, and in 1907 of Bransk.[2] Among his students in Moltsh was Yechezkel Sarna, who studied under Shkop for a year in 1906, before leaving to the Slabodka yeshiva when Shkop himself left.

Shkop (left) and Chaim Ozer Grodzinski

From 1920 to 1939 he was Rosh Yeshiva of the Yeshiva Sha'ar HaTorah in Grodno.

Yeshiva UniversityEdit

In 1928, Shkop traveled to the United States in order to raise funds for the Yeshiva. After delivering a lecture at Yeshiva University, he became Rosh Yeshiva of Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary in New York. In 1929, Shkop returned to Europe. [3]


His students included:

Major worksEdit

Sha'arei Yosher is largely concerned with the intellectual principles by which the law is established, rather than with concrete laws, and is stylistically similar to the Shev Shema'tata of Aryeh Leib HaCohen Heller, on which it was partly based.


As the Russian army was about to enter Grodno during World War II, Shkop ordered his students to flee to Vilna. He himself died two days later, on the 9th of Cheshvan 5700 (1939) in Grodno. Shkop is buried in the Jewish cemetery in the Zaniemanski Forshtat section of Grodno.


  1. ^ Biletzky, Gershon. Ginas Bisan.
  2. ^ a b c "Harav Hagaon R. Shimon Yehudah Hacohen Shkop Zt"l". Yeshiva University. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Mission & History | Yeshiva University".

External linksEdit