Shimbashi Station

Coordinates: 35°39′59″N 139°45′31″E / 35.666301°N 139.758679°E / 35.666301; 139.758679

Shimbashi Station (新橋駅, Shinbashi-eki) is a major interchange railway station in Tokyo's Minato Ward, located centrally and a 10-minute walk from the Ginza shopping district, directly south of Tokyo station.

SMBJK24JT02JY29JO18
G08 A10 U01
Shimbashi Station

新橋駅
Shimbashi-Station-East-exit.JPG
East side of JR Shimbashi Station West Exit
LocationMinato, Tokyo
Japan
Operated by
Line(s)
History
Opened1909
Previous namesKarasumori (until 1914)
Passengers
JR East, FY2013254,945 daily
Services
Preceding station JR logo (east).svg JR East Following station
Hamamatsuchō
HMCJY28
next clockwise
Yamanote Line Yūrakuchō
JY30
next counter-clockwise
Hamamatsuchō
HMCJK23
toward Yokohama
Keihin–Tōhoku Line
Local
Yūrakuchō
JK25
toward Ōmiya
Shinagawa
SGWJT03
toward Odawara
Shōnan Liner
(Limited service)
Tokyo
TYOJT01JU01
Terminus
Tōkaidō Line
  Commuter Rapid
Shinagawa
SGWJT03
toward Atami
Tōkaidō Line
Rapid Acty
  Local & Rapid Rabbit/Urban
Shinagawa
SGWJT03
Terminus
Jōban Line
  Special Rapid
Tokyo
TYOJT01JU01
toward Sendai
Jōban Line
Local-Futsuu
Jōban Line
Rapid
Tokyo
TYOJT01JU01
toward Toride
Shinagawa
SGWJO17
toward Kurihama
Yokosuka Line Tokyo
TYOJO19
Terminus
Preceding station Tokyo Metro logo.svg Tokyo Metro Following station
Toranomon
G07
toward Shibuya
Ginza Line Ginza
G09
toward Asakusa
Preceding station PrefSymbol-Tokyo.svg Toei Subway Following station
Daimon
A09
Asakusa Line
Airport Limited Express
Nihombashi
A13
toward Oshiage
Asakusa Line Higashi-ginza
A11
toward Oshiage
Preceding station Yurikamome line symbol.svg Yurikamome Following station
Terminus New Transit Yurikamome Shiodome
U02
toward Toyosu
Location
Shimbashi Station is located in Special wards of Tokyo
Shimbashi Station
Shimbashi Station
Location within Special wards of Tokyo
Shimbashi Station is located in Japan
Shimbashi Station
Shimbashi Station
Shimbashi Station (Japan)

Station layoutEdit

JR EastEdit

The JR East station consists of three surface platforms serving the Tōkaidō, Yamanote, and Keihin-Tōhoku lines, and an underground platform serving the Yokosuka Line.

Surface platformsEdit

1 JT Tōkaidō Main Line for Yokohama, Odawara, and Atami
2 JU Ueno-Tokyo Line for Ueno
(via JU Utsunomiya Line) for Omiya, Utsunomiya
(via JU Takasaki Line) for Takasaki
(via JJ Jōban Line) for Toride, Mito
3 JK Keihin-Tōhoku Line for Shinagawa, Yokohama, and Ofuna
4 JY Yamanote Line for Shinagawa, Shibuya, and Shinjuku
5 JY Yamanote Line for Tokyo, Ueno, and Ikebukuro
6 JK Keihin-Tōhoku Line for Tokyo, Ueno, and Ōmiya

Underground platformEdit

1 JO Yokosuka Line for Yokohama, Ofuna, and Kurihama
2 JO Yokosuka Line for Tokyo, Funabashi, and Chiba

Tokyo MetroEdit

Tokyo Metro operates in an underground station with two side platforms serving the Tokyo Metro Ginza Line.

1 G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line for Akasaka-Mitsuke and Shibuya
2 G Tokyo Metro Ginza Line for Ginza, Ueno, and Asakusa

Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (Toei)Edit

Toei operates in an underground station with two side platforms serving the Toei Asakusa Line.

1 A Toei Asakusa Line for Sengakuji and Nishi-Magome
KK Keikyu Main Line for Haneda Airport and Misakiguchi
2 A Toei Asakusa Line for Nihombashi, Oshiage
KS Keisei Line lines for Keisei-Takasago, Keisei-Tsudanuma and Narita Airport
HS Hokuso Railway for Imba-Nihon-Idai
KS Narita Sky Access Line for Narita Airport
SR Shibayama Railway Line for Shibayama-Chiyoda

YurikamomeEdit

The terminus for the Yurikamome is an elevated station next to the JR station.

1/2   Yurikamome for Daiba, Toyosu

HistoryEdit

 
Shimbashi Station, early 20th century

Shimbashi is the original terminus of Japan's first stretch of railway, the Tōkaidō Main Line, and is one of Japan's oldest stations (the oldest station being Shinagawa, a few kilometres down the line). The original Shimbashi Station, opened on October 10, 1872, was built some way to the east of the modern-day structure and was known as Shimbashi Teishajō (新橋停車場).

The present-day structure opened on 16 December 1909 as Karasumori Station (烏森駅) on the Yamanote Line.[1] With the extension of the Tōkaidō Main Line along its modern-day route to the new terminus at Tokyo Station in 1914, the original station was demolished to make way for a goods yard, Shiodome Station (汐留駅), and Karasumori Station was renamed Shimbashi Station.

Japan's first subway line, operated by the Tokyo Underground Railroad Company, was extended to Shimbashi in 1934. In January 1939, the Tokyo Rapid Railway Company built a second subway station at Shimbashi for its line from Shibuya. After several months, the lines were merged to allow through service, and the TRR station was closed. In 1941 the two companies merged forming today's Tokyo Metro Ginza Line. The Ginza Line operated from a single platform until 1980, when a second parallel platform was opened to relieve congestion.

The Toei Asakusa Line began service to Shimbashi in 1968, and the elevated Yurikamome station opened in 1995.

Shiodome Station closed in 1986. The site was declared a national monument in 1996 and the area was archeologically investigated while being redeveloped as a commercial district ("Shiosite") with a number of large office blocks. In 2003 a reconstruction of the original Shimbashi Station building and part of the platforms was completed. It currently houses a railway history exhibit and a restaurant.

Passenger statisticsEdit

In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by an average of 254,945 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the seventh busiest station operated by JR East.[2]

The JR East passenger figures for previous years are as shown below.

Fiscal year Daily average
2000 230,393[3]
2005 236,116[4]
2010 244,916[5]
2011 243,890[6]
2012 250,682[7]
2013 254,945[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 日本国有鉄道停車場一覧 [JNR Station Directory]. Japan: Japanese National Railways. 1985. p. 19. ISBN 4-533-00503-9.
  2. ^ a b 各駅の乗車人員 (2013年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2013)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 31 August 2014.
  3. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2000年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  4. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2005年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  5. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  6. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2011年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  7. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2012年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 31 August 2014.

External linksEdit