Shilka (river)

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The Shilka (Russian: Ши́лка; Buryat: Шилкэ, Shilke; Mongolian: Шилка, Shilka; Chinese: 石勒喀) is a river in Zabaykalsky Krai, (Dauria) south-eastern Russia. It has a length of 560 km (350 mi), and has a drainage basin of 206,000 square kilometres (80,000 sq mi).[1] It originates as the confluence of the rivers Onon and Ingoda. Its confluence with the Argun on the Russia-China border gives rise to the Amur. The river is navigable for its entire length. The name derives from Evenki shilki 'narrow valley.'[2] The town Sretensk lies on the Shilka.[1]

Shilka
Amur watershed.png
Location of the Shilka River within the Amur Basin
Location
CountryRussia
Physical characteristics
MouthAmur
 • coordinates
53°19′58″N 121°28′49″E / 53.33278°N 121.48028°E / 53.33278; 121.48028Coordinates: 53°19′58″N 121°28′49″E / 53.33278°N 121.48028°E / 53.33278; 121.48028
Length560 km (350 mi)
Basin size206,000 km2 (80,000 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average440 m3/s (16,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionAmurSea of Okhotsk
The S.S. AMUR on the Shilka River (c.1902)

TributariesEdit

The largest tributaries of the Shilka are, from source to mouth:[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Шилка (река), Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  2. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 473.
  3. ^ Река ШИЛКА in the State Water Register of Russia (Russian)