The House of Sheremetev (Russian: Шереме́тевы) was one of the wealthiest and most influential noble families in Russia descending from Feodor Koshka who was of Old Prussian origin.[1]

The coat of arms of Count Sheremetev
Sheremetiev v3 p10.png
CrestIssuant from the coronet of rank an oak tree proper between two mullets of six points argent
BlazonOr in chief on a torteau surrounded by a wreath of laurel a royal crown and two crosses pattée argent in pale and in base between a boyar's hat fesswise and a crescent charged with a representation of a man's face argent a sword and spear crossed in saltire proper, the whole ensigned by the coronet of a Count of the Russian Empire.
SupportersTwo lions salient guardant Or the dexter one holding in his interior paw a sceptre and in his mouth a laurel branch proper the sinister one holding in his interior paw a globus cruciger and in his mouth an olive branch proper upon a grassy compartment proper
MottoDeus conservat omnia, Latin for "God preserves all".
Other elementsThe mantling, or doubled gules.

HistoryEdit

The family held many high commanding ranks in the Russian military, governorships and eventually the rank of Count of the Russian Empire.

Notable membersEdit

The village of Sheremetevo, which in turn gave name to the Sheremetyevo International Airport, is named after the family.[2]

EtymologyEdit

Russian surnames are gender sensitive, the masculine form of the name being Sheremetev (Шереметев) and the feminine being rendered as Sheremeteva (Шереметева).

There are three theories about the origin of the surname, all of them indicate a Tatar and eastern origin for the family. One theory proposes that the name originated with the Turkic Chuvash language word seremet (шеремет), meaning "poor man". Another theory translates the nickname Seremet as "having light steps", "hot" (about a horse), while the third theory suggests that the name originates with the Tatar/Turkic-Persian shir Akhmat, which literally translates to "Tiger Ahmet" and can be read as both "brave Ahmet" and "Pious Ahmet."[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orlando Figes, Natasha's Dance, a cultural history of Russia, pp. 20–27.
  2. ^ "Парк Останкино". Archived from the original on 5 February 2009.
  3. ^ "Шереметьев | это... Что такое Шереметьев?". Словари и энциклопедии на Академике.