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Not to be confused with the Port of Shenzhen, the shipping facilities in the municipality.

Shenzhen Bay Port (Chinese: 深圳湾口岸) is a port of entry in the People's Republic of China, on the border with its special administrative region of Hong Kong. It is located geographically in Dongjiaotou, Shekou, which lies on the southwestern corner of the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong Province. Some of the area are leased to Hong Kong as Shenzhen Bay Port Hong Kong Port Area operate under Hong Kong jurisdiction until 30 June 2047,[1] the eve of the 50th anniversary of Hong Kong S.A.R. The Port consist of a cross boundary passenger terminal building, which Shenzhen Bay Control Point of Hong Kong, a border checkpoint, co-located with Shenzhen counterpart in the same building. The rest of the Port area are Shenzhen Bay Port Shenzhen Port Area.

Shenzhen Bay Port
深圳湾口岸
Shenzhen Bay Port Passenger Terminal.jpg
Shenzhen Bay Port Passenger Terminal Building (Shenzhen side)
Shenzhen Bay Port is located in Hong Kong
Shenzhen Bay Port
Location of the Port; Hong Kong in yellow colour
General information
Town or cityShenzhen
CountryChina
Coordinates22°30′11″N 113°56′58″E / 22.5031°N 113.9495°E / 22.5031; 113.9495Coordinates: 22°30′11″N 113°56′58″E / 22.5031°N 113.9495°E / 22.5031; 113.9495
Current tenants
  • Departments of Hong Kong government
  • Departments of Mainland China government
Named forShenzhen Bay (known as Deep Bay in English and Hau Hoi Wan in Hong Kong Chinese)
Shenzhen Bay Port
Traditional Chinese深圳灣口岸
Simplified Chinese深圳湾口岸

The port of entry was commissioned on 1 July 2007.

HistoryEdit

Shenzhen Bay Port is part of the Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor,[2] which the Corridor was proposed by the Shenzhen municipal government to the Chinese central government[2] well as colonial British government of Hong Kong in the 1990s.[3] Hong Kong became the first special administrative region of China (SAR) on 1 July 1997. In March 2001, a feasibility study by the Hong Kong government, suggested to build the Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor.[4] A further inter-government meeting in July 2001 concluded that, the border checkpoint of the Corridor should be co-located in the same place,[5] thus the birth of Shenzhen Bay Port, which was sub-divided into Hong Kong Port Area and Shenzhen Port Area. The name Shenzhen Bay Port (simplified Chinese: 深圳湾口岸; traditional Chinese: 深圳灣口岸) was agreed by another inter-government meeting in August 2004.[6][nb 1] Hong Kong government also entrusted Shenzhen municipal government to build the facilities of the Shenzhen Bay Port Hong Kong Port Area in July 2004.[8] Some of the facilities was also sub-contracted to Hong Kong firm, such as Hsin Chong–Aster was responsible for the electrical and mechanical engineering of the Passenger Terminal Building (Hong Kong Side) of the Hong Kong Port Area.[9]

Hong Kong government also managed the Shenzhen section of the Shenzhen Bay Bridge, another component of the Corridor, despite geographically inside the boundary of Shenzhen.[10] Shenzhen section of the bridge was in-between the Hong Kong section of the bridge, and the land area of the Port, which partly leased to Hong Kong as Hong Kong Port Area.

The Port was opened on 1 July 2007,[11] the 10th anniversary of the SAR, when Hu Jintao, the then General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and Chinese President, attended the opening ceremony.[12] Hu and 6 other people officiated the ribbon-cutting ceremony of the Port.[13][14]

The Port connects to Hong Kong via Shenzhen Bay Bridge.[11] Once landed on the land area of Hong Kong at Ngau Hom Shek, the cross-border traffic would use Kong Sham Western Highway[15] and then the existing road networks to go to their destinations in Hong Kong.

Shenzhen Bay Control Point, inside Hong Kong Port Area, is the first boundary control point with the immigration facilities of the Hong Kong side co-located in the same passenger terminal building with the mainland side. This allows passengers and vehicles for departure and arrival customs clearance to take place within a short distance.[16][17][page needed]

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In the English press release on the same day, the name was translated as Shenzhen Bay Control Point.[7] Shenzhen Bay Control Point was later used as the translation of Chinese: 深圳灣管制站 only.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Shenzhen Bay Port Hong Kong Port Area Ordinance". Hong Kong e-Legislation website.
  2. ^ a b 西部通道深圳侧接线工程相关手续是否合法. 深圳特区报 (in Chinese). Shenzhen. 13 May 2005. Retrieved 8 February 2019 – via Sina news portal. 根据调查,1996年原深圳市计划局在上报国家有关部门的《深港西部通道(深圳湾公路大桥)项目建议书》中,申报的拟建项目建设规模只包括深圳湾公路大桥和一线口岸
  3. ^ "1. Background And Objectives". Feasibility Study for Additional Cross-border Links Stage 1: Investigations on Traffic Demand (Executive Summary). Hong Kong: Planning Department; MVA Asia. March 2000. Retrieved 10 February 2019. To facilitate improved linkages, the Shenzhen authorities have proposed the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Western Corridor (SWC) across Deep Bay from Shekou to the North West New Territories (NWNT)......As a response to these proposals, Planning Department initiated the Crosslinks Study in September 1995 which was subsequently completed in May 1996.
  4. ^ Legislative Council Secretariat (24 September 2003). "Background brief on Northwest New Territories Traffic and Infrastructure Development" (PDF). Legislative Council of Hong Kong. Retrieved 10 February 2019. In March 2001, the Administration completed Stages 1 and 2 of the Cross-links Further Study (the Study) which assessed the future cross boundary traffic demand. The Study confirmed the need to construct the fourth land boundary crossing - the Shenzhen Western Corridor (SWC) together with its connecting road, the Deep Bay Link (DBL) - to satisfy future demand.
  5. ^ "Legislative Council paper: Shenzhen Western Corridor and Deep Bay Link" (PDF). Transport Bureau; Legislative Council. 31 August 2001. Retrieved 10 February 2019. At the 4th Plenary of the Hong Kong / Guangdong Cooperation Joint Conference held on 25 July 2001, further agreement has been reached on the principle of co-locating the boundary crossing facilities for immigration and customs clearance procedures on the Shenzhen side in planning SWC.
  6. ^ 粵港合作聯席會議第七次會議 (Press release) (in Chinese). Hong Kong Government. 4 August 2004. Retrieved 10 February 2019. 聯席會議原則上同意深港西部通道新口岸建成後命名為「深圳灣口岸」
  7. ^ "Seventh Plenary of Hong Kong/Guangdong Co-operation Joint Conference" (Press release). Hong Kong Government. 4 August 2004. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Entrustment Agreement on Construction of Boundary Crossing Signed" (Press release). Hong Kong Government. 22 July 2004. Retrieved 8 February 2019. The Secretary for Security, Mr Ambrose S K Lee, today (July 22) on behalf of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (HKSARG) attended a signing ceremony in Shenzhen for the agreement to entrust the Shenzhen Municipal People's Government with the construction of the boundary crossing facilities of the Hong Kong side at the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor (HK-SWC).
  9. ^ "Passenger Terminal Building (Hong Kong Side) at Shenzhen-Hong Kong Western Corridor". Hsin Chong Group. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Operation of Shenzhen Section of Shenzhen Bay Bridge Project Profile" (PDF). Hong Kong: Highways Department. August 2007. Retrieved 8 February 2019 – via Environmental Protection Department website.
  11. ^ a b "Shenzhen Bay Port and Bridge to commence operation on July 1 (with photos and video)" (Press release). Hong Kong Government. 25 June 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  12. ^ Yan Yangtze, ed. (1 July 2007). "Hu attends opening ceremony of Shenzhen Bay Port". gov.cn. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  13. ^ "President Hu opens Shenzhen Bay Port and Bridge (with photos/video)" (Press release). Hong Kong Government. 1 July 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  14. ^ "President Hu opens Shenzhen Bay Port and Bridge (photo 2)" (Press release). Hong Kong Government. 1 July 2007. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  15. ^ "Roads in New Territories". Hong Kong: Highways Department. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2019. Kong Sham Western Highway is a dual three-lane carriageway with a total length of about 5.4km, extending from Ngau Hom Shek in the north near the shoreline to Lam Tei in the south.......The Shenzhen Bay Bridge is an additional cross boundary link from Shenzhen to join up with Kong Sham Western Highway on the Hong Kong side.
  16. ^ "Service Improvements". Hong Kong: Immigration Department. 25 April 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-12-24. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  17. ^ Annual Report 2006-2007 (PDF). Hong Kong: Immigration Department. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-04-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)