Shenandoah is a city in Fremont County and Page County, Iowa, United States. The population was 5,150 at the 2010 U.S. Census. Once referred to as the "seed and nursery center of the world," Shenandoah is the home to Earl May Seed Company and the radio station KMA, founded by Earl E. May. The early live radio stations gave many performers their start, including The Everly Brothers and Charlie Haden.
Business district of Shenandoah
Location of Shenandoah, Iowa
|• Total||3.75 sq mi (9.71 km2)|
|• Land||3.75 sq mi (9.71 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||981 ft (299 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,373/sq mi (530.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0461566|
Shenandoah, originally known as Fair Oaks, was platted in 1870, shortly after the arrival of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad into the neighborhood. Its name is derived from the local valley's resemblance to the Shenandoah Valley, in Virginia.
|Source:"U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-03-28. and Iowa Data Center|
At the 2010 census there were 5,150 people, 2,310 households, and 1,366 families living in the city. The population density was 1,373.3 inhabitants per square mile (530.2/km2). There were 2,611 housing units at an average density of 696.3 per square mile (268.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.0%.
Of the 2,310 households 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 37.0% of households were one person and 19% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.82.
The median age was 44.4 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.5% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 23% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.
At the 2000 census there were 5,546 people, 2,421 households, and 1,486 families living in the city. The population density was 1,599.6 people per square mile (617.1/km²). There were 2,645 housing units at an average density of 762.9 per square mile (294.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.91% White, 0.11% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.72% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.72%.
Of the 2,421 households 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 34.2% of households were one person and 17.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.84.
Age spread: 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 23.1% 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.
The median household income was $29,435 and the median family income was $39,110. Males had a median income of $31,657 versus $18,588 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,301. About 11.0% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.
The Valley News is Shenandoah's community newspaper. Published twice weekly and distributed to homes throughout Page and Fremont Counties, the Valley News is the community's oldest continually-operated business. Its predecessors include the award-winning Evening Sentinel. Its website can be found at valleynewstoday.com.
The radio stations KMA AM and KFNF were early pioneering radio stations attracting listeners throughout the Mid-West and drawing thousands of visitors to the city in the 1920s. The radio station KMA-FM 99.1 is in the same complex as KMA. Both stations share a simulcast, except for sporting events and other special programming.
Shenandoah Community School District operates public schools.
- James Ross Lightfoot, US Congressman
- The Everly Brothers, rock musicians
- Charlie Haden, jazz musician
- Gary Kellgren, founder of The Record Plant (Record Plant Studios)
- Leanna Field Driftmier, long-time radio host
- Derryl McLaren, Iowa state legislator and politician
- Jay Scheib, theatre director
- Jessie Field Shambaugh, founder of 4-H
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 19, 2019.
- Earl May Website "Our Story" https://www.earlmay.com/our-story/
- Kershaw, W. L. (1909). History of Page County, Iowa. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 381.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- The Tarkio Valley Sloth Project, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-01. Retrieved 2009-09-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)