Shelby County, Iowa

Shelby County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 11,746.[1] The county seat is Harlan.[2] Its name is in honor of Isaac Shelby, the first Governor of Kentucky.

Shelby County
Shelby County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Shelby County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°40′53″N 95°18′46″W / 41.681388888889°N 95.312777777778°W / 41.681388888889; -95.312777777778
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1851
Named forIsaac Shelby
SeatHarlan
Largest cityHarlan
Area
 • Total598 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Land598 sq mi (1,550 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total11,746
 • Density20/sq mi (7.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.shco.org

HistoryEdit

Shelby County was formed on January 15, 1851. It was named after General Isaac Shelby, a hero in the American Revolutionary War and the first Governor of Kentucky.

Early settling in Shelby County began in 1848 in Galland's Grove.[3] On February 4, 1855, Shelbyville was designated the county seat. In April, 1859, the seat was moved to Harlan. One year later the first courthouse was erected and a second courthouse was constructed in 1875. In 1892, the construction of the present courthouse was begun, this time of stone and three storeys high. The construction was completed in 1893 with the dedication on September 14. The 1892 Shelby County Courthouse and the surrounding buildings are all listed in the National Register of Historic places effective September 23, 1994.[4] In 1978, the building was extensively restored and still serves as the courthouse.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 591 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 591 square miles (1,530 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.[5]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860818
18702,540210.5%
188012,696399.8%
189017,61138.7%
190017,9321.8%
191016,552−7.7%
192016,065−2.9%
193017,1316.6%
194016,720−2.4%
195015,942−4.7%
196015,825−0.7%
197015,528−1.9%
198015,043−3.1%
199013,230−12.1%
200013,173−0.4%
201012,167−7.6%
202011,746−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[10]
 
Population of Shelby County from US census data

2020 censusEdit

The 2020 census recorded a population of 11,746 in the county, with a population density of 19.6271/sq mi (7.5781/km2). 96.51% of the population reported being of one race. 90.06% were non-Hispanic White, 0.45% were Black, 3.51% were Hispanic, 0.47% were Native American, 0.42% were Asian, 0.03% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 5.07% were some other race or more than one race. There were 5,421 housing units, of which 4,981 were occupied.[1]

2010 censusEdit

The 2010 census recorded a population of 12,167 in the county, with a population density of 20.5931/sq mi (7.9510/km2). There were 5,542 housing units, of which 5,085 were occupied.[11]

2000 censusEdit

 
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Shelby County

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 13,173 people, 5,173 households, and 3,703 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (9/km2). There were 5,459 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.68% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,173 households, out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.40% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 20.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,442, and the median income for a family was $44,681. Males had a median income of $29,402 versus $20,296 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,969. About 4.30% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.00% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Other unincorporated placesEdit

TownshipsEdit

Population rankingEdit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Shelby County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Harlan City 4,893
2 Shelby (partially in Pottawattamie County) City 716 (727 total)
3 Elk Horn City 601
4 Earling City 397
5 Irwin City 319
6 Defiance City 245
7 Panama City 235
8 Portsmouth City 182
9 Westphalia City 126
10 Tennant City 78
11 Kirkman City 56
12 Corley CDP 31
13 Jacksonville CDP 29

PoliticsEdit

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 69.1% 4,697 28.8% 1,959 2% 139
2016 68.5% 4,362 26.1% 1,662 5.4% 346
2012 60.3% 3,911 38.1% 2,469 1.6% 103
2008 54.0% 3,488 44.4% 2,863 1.6% 104
2004 63.8% 4,256 35.3% 2,355 0.9% 59
2000 60.8% 3,655 36.3% 2,179 2.9% 175
1996 51.4% 3,056 36.6% 2,176 11.9% 709
1992 42.9% 2,809 32.0% 2,094 25.1% 1,641
1988 51.5% 3,019 47.9% 2,806 0.6% 35
1984 64.3% 4,200 35.1% 2,291 0.7% 46
1980 64.0% 4,147 29.2% 1,892 6.8% 438
1976 52.7% 3,301 45.5% 2,851 1.7% 109
1972 62.9% 4,052 35.1% 2,259 2.0% 128
1968 58.7% 3,886 35.7% 2,365 5.7% 375
1964 41.0% 2,928 58.1% 4,148 0.9% 61
1960 55.1% 4,210 44.8% 3,427 0.1% 7
1956 56.8% 4,425 42.4% 3,300 0.9% 68
1952 64.7% 5,135 34.8% 2,762 0.5% 42
1948 47.6% 3,301 50.5% 3,499 2.0% 135
1944 55.9% 3,873 43.0% 2,978 1.2% 82
1940 54.5% 4,613 45.1% 3,811 0.4% 36
1936 42.4% 3,490 51.8% 4,264 5.8% 477
1932 32.9% 2,478 65.5% 4,940 1.6% 122
1928 48.9% 3,459 50.9% 3,604 0.3% 18
1924 48.0% 3,252 33.9% 2,297 18.2% 1,231
1920 70.6% 4,621 28.7% 1,882 0.7% 47
1916 47.5% 1,898 51.6% 2,060 1.0% 38
1912 22.6% 872 47.8% 1,841 29.6% 1,140
1908 49.3% 1,973 48.4% 1,935 2.3% 91
1904 57.7% 2,310 39.6% 1,584 2.7% 110
1900 51.5% 2,182 47.4% 2,010 1.1% 47
1896 47.9% 2,019 51.6% 2,175 0.6% 25

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ A brief history, Shelby County Iowa website
  4. ^ Shelby County Attractions
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 28, 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°40′53″N 95°18′46″W / 41.68139°N 95.31278°W / 41.68139; -95.31278