Shelby, Montana

Shelby is a city in and the county seat of Toole County, Montana, United States.[4] The population was 3,376 at the 2010 census.

Shelby, Montana
Downtown Shelby
Downtown Shelby
Location of Shelby, Montana
Location of Shelby, Montana
Coordinates: 48°30′26″N 111°51′37″W / 48.50722°N 111.86028°W / 48.50722; -111.86028Coordinates: 48°30′26″N 111°51′37″W / 48.50722°N 111.86028°W / 48.50722; -111.86028
CountryUnited States
StateMontana
CountyToole
Area
 • Total5.96 sq mi (15.43 km2)
 • Land5.78 sq mi (14.97 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.45 km2)
Elevation
3,297 ft (1,005 m)
Population
 • Total3,376
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,023
 • Density522.83/sq mi (201.88/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
59474
Area code(s)406
FIPS code30-67450
GNIS feature ID0776465
WebsiteCity of Shelby (official site)

HistoryEdit

 
Toole County Courthouse

Shelby was named in honor of Peter O. Shelby, General Manager of the Montana Central Railway.[citation needed]

On July 4, 1923, the town hosted a heavyweight boxing match between Jack Dempsey and Tommy Gibbons for a world championship title.[citation needed]

Recently the town hosted a dog camp named Camp Collie that made national news.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

Shelby is located at 48°30′26″N 111°51′37″W / 48.50722°N 111.86028°W / 48.50722; -111.86028 (48.507270, -111.860218).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.18 square miles (16.01 km2), of which, 6.03 square miles (15.62 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) is water.[6]

ClimateEdit

Shelby has four distinct seasons, and is considered an arid climate. Long, severe winters give way to springlike weather anywhere from March to May. Summers can be extremely dry and hot, though it is not unusual to experience a snow flurry in July. The area is prone to heat, lightning, hail, and severe thunderstorms during the summer months. Fall weather is often unpredictable, with snow falling during October some years, and temperatures well into the 80s stretching until the end of November on other years. Due to the city's location just off of the Rocky Mountain Front, wind is a constant.

Climate data for Shelby, Montana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 65
(18)
72
(22)
79
(26)
88
(31)
93
(34)
101
(38)
103
(39)
105
(41)
99
(37)
91
(33)
82
(28)
72
(22)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 34
(1)
37
(3)
45
(7)
56
(13)
65
(18)
72
(22)
81
(27)
80
(27)
69
(21)
57
(14)
42
(6)
33
(1)
56
(13)
Average low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
13
(−11)
21
(−6)
29
(−2)
39
(4)
46
(8)
51
(11)
49
(9)
40
(4)
31
(−1)
20
(−7)
11
(−12)
30
(−1)
Record low °F (°C) −42
(−41)
−45
(−43)
−32
(−36)
−19
(−28)
9
(−13)
27
(−3)
31
(−1)
25
(−4)
0
(−18)
−16
(−27)
−32
(−36)
−46
(−43)
−46
(−43)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.33
(8.4)
0.36
(9.1)
0.68
(17)
1.15
(29)
2.07
(53)
2.36
(60)
1.20
(30)
1.22
(31)
1.15
(29)
0.59
(15)
0.45
(11)
0.37
(9.4)
11.93
(303)
Source: The Weather Channel (Historical Monthly Averages) [7]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920537
19302,004273.2%
19402,53826.6%
19503,05820.5%
19604,01731.4%
19703,111−22.6%
19803,1421.0%
19902,763−12.1%
20003,21616.4%
20103,3765.0%
Est. 20193,023[3]−10.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2015 Estimate[9]

2010 censusEdit

At the 2010 census there were 3,376 people in 1,245 households, including 717 families, in the city. The population density was 559.9 inhabitants per square mile (216.2/km2). There were 1,371 housing units at an average density of 227.4 per square mile (87.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.5% White, 0.8% African American, 6.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0%.[2]

Of the 1,245 households 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.4% were non-families. 37.4% of households were one person and 14% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age was 40.3 years. 18.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.3% were from 25 to 44; 29.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13.6% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 58.3% male and 41.7% female.

2000 censusEdit

At the 2000 census there were 3,216 people in 1,196 households, including 735 families, in the City of Shelby. The population density was 1,018.8 people per square mile (392.9/km2). There were 1,349 housing units at an average density of 427.3 per square mile (164.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.48% White, 0.25% African American, 4.17% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24%.[10]

Of the 1,196 households 30.9% had children under 18 living with them, 50.8% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 35.5% of households were one person and 16.1% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 3.07.

The age distribution was 24.0% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 107.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.9 males.

The median household income was $29,219 and the median family income was $41,046. Males had a median income of $27,634 versus $19,444 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,071. About 6.1% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

MediaEdit

KSEN AM 1150 and KZIN-FM 96.7 are two local radio outlets, owned by Townsquare Media.[citation needed]

TransportationEdit

 
Shelby's Amtrak station

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service to Shelby (both east and west), operating its Empire Builder from Chicago to Seattle and Portland, Oregon.

 
NTI Transit Facility - Shelby, Montana

Northern Transit Interlocal, www.northern.rural-transit.com local donation based bus transportation to Great Falls and Kalispell twice weekly. Northern Transit Interlocal, Glacier County Transit, Pondera County Transit & Toole County Transit coordinate together to provide transportation for the local area. Northern Transit was awarded the Montana Transit Association Rural Transit of the Year in 2018. In 2019 the 12 year operating transit gave a record 16,123 rides. “Enjoy the Ride!”

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  7. ^ "Climate Statistics for Shelby, Montana". Retrieved January 29, 2012.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ Any knowledge that might be useful: Leroy Hood - Scientific American Retrieved 2017-07-28.

External linksEdit