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Sheldon Talmy (born August 11, 1937) is an American record producer, songwriter and arranger, best known for his work in London, England, with the Who and the Kinks in the 1960s, with a role in many other English bands including Cat Stevens and Pentangle. Talmy arranged and produced hits such as "You Really Got Me" by the Kinks, "My Generation" by the Who, and "Friday on My Mind" by the Easybeats. He also played guitar or tambourine on some of his productions.
|Birth name||Sheldon Talmy|
|Born||August 11, 1937|
|Origin||Chicago, Illinois, United States|
|Occupation(s)||Producer, songwriter, arranger|
|Associated acts||The Who, The Kinks, Cat Stevens, The Easybeats, The Rocking Vickers|
- 1 Early career
- 2 British career
- 3 The Who and "My Generation"
- 4 Work with other artists
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Selected discography
- 7 Selected writings
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Sheldon Talmy was born in Chicago, Illinois, United States, and from an early age he was interested both in music—early rock, rhythm and blues, folk music and country music as well as technology. At the age of 13, Talmy appeared regularly on the popular NBC-TV television show Quiz Kids, a question-and-answer program out of Chicago. He told Chris Ambrose of Tokion Magazine, "What it did for me was that I absolutely knew that this was the business I wanted to be in."
He graduated from Fairfax High School in Los Angeles in June 1955, part of the same graduating class as future producer David Anderle. He became a recording engineer at Conway Studios in Los Angeles for owner/engineer Phil Yeend, who trained Talmy on three-track recording equipment, and three days after starting at Conway, Talmy had his first production assignment, the record "Falling Star" by Debbie Sharon. At Conway, he worked with artists like Gary Paxton, with surf bands like the Castells and the Marketts, and R&B pioneers, Rene Hall and Bumps Blackwell.
Talmy and Yeend often experimented with production techniques. They played with separation and recording levels and built baffles and platforms covered with carpet, using them to isolate vocals and instruments. In an interview with Terri Stone in Music Producers, Talmy recalled that Yeend "would let me do whatever I wanted after our regular sessions were over, so I used to work out miking techniques for how to make drums sound better or guitars sound better .... There really weren't many precedents, so we were all doing it for the first time together. It was all totally new."
Talmy joined Decca Records as a record producer working with Decca's pop performers, such as Irish trio the Bachelors, leading to the release of the hit single "Charmaine". In 1963 Talmy met Robert Wace, the manager of a group called the Ravens who later changed their name to the Kinks. He brought the Kinks into the studio and their third single, "You Really Got Me", became a landmark recording.
According to Jon Savage, author of the Kinks' official biography, "What Shel Talmy and the Kinks did with this particular record was to concoct the perfect medium for expression of the adolescent white aggression that has been at the heart of white popular music. ... 'You Really Got Me' is that rare thing: a record that cuts popular music in half."
The Who and "My Generation"Edit
Pete Townshend, guitarist of a band called the High Numbers, liked "You Really Got Me" so much that he wrote a similar number, "I Can't Explain", so that Talmy would produce his group. When the song was played over the telephone to Talmy, he agreed to hear the band. Now called the Who, the band was signed to his production company. Talmy got the band a contract with Decca in America and with their subsidiary Brunswick in Britain, and produced recordings modeled on the band's live performances.
The intentional feedback on the band's second single, "Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere", caused Decca executives to send back the recording, thinking that they had received a faulty pressing. Talmy and The Who created a historic recording, "My Generation", the group's third release. Entertainment Weekly later called "My Generation" the "quintessential rock single".
Talmy produced other notable singles for the Who before producing their first album, My Generation, a collection of original songs and R&B covers. However, tensions arose between Talmy and one of the band's managers, Kit Lambert. Lambert 'fired' Talmy, but Talmy sued for breach of contract and won. One of the by-products of the episode was a single by the Graham Bond Organisation, the B-side of which was entitled "Waltz for a Pig", an apparent reference to the departed producer.
Talmy owned the tapes to My Generation, but a re-release was held up for years because of the ongoing dispute. This prevented a proper re-release of the LP until 2002, when the dispute was finally settled in Talmy's favor. My Generation was remixed by Talmy and issued on compact disc with bonus tracks. In his book Before I Get Old, Dave Marsh commented that the records that Talmy made with The Who "are technically among the best that the band ever did, and they have a distinct, original sound."
Work with other artistsEdit
Talmy continued to work with other distinguished British performers throughout the 1960s, including singer-songwriter Davy Jones (later known as David Bowie). He produced the Roy Harper album Come Out Fighting Ghengis Smith in 1967. He also produced "Friday on My Mind" for the Easybeats, an Australian band that had moved to Britain. Writing in the Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Colin Larkin described the song as "one of the all-time great beat group singles of the '60s". Bowie later covered "Friday on My Mind" on his album Pin Ups. Talmy has said that he did some of his most essential work with the Creation. A mod/psychedelic band that often used pop-art imagery, they were well known as the creators of "Making Time".
In the 1970s, he formed a production company called Hush with Hugh Murphy (who later co-produced "Baker Street" with Gerry Rafferty). Artists produced under this banner included Pentangle (whose first three albums were produced by him in 1968 and 1969) and String Driven Thing. In 2003, a tribute to Talmy was aired on the radio program Little Steven's Underground Garage.
He was the founder of Planet Records, a company that released music by the Creation and other British artists in the mid-1960s. He has also had several non-musical occupations.
- "Long Tall Sally" b/w "I Took My Baby Home"
- "You Still Want Me" b/w "You Do Something To Me"
- "You Really Got Me" b/w "It's Alright", Pye (UK), Reprise (U.S.), 1964
- "All Day and All of the Night" b/w "I Gotta Move"
- Kinksize Session (EP)
- "Tired of Waiting for You" b/w "Come On Now"
- "Ev'rybody's Gonna Be Happy" b/w "Who'll Be the Next In Line"
- "Set Me Free" b/w "I Need You"
- "See My Friends" b/w "Never Met a Girl Like You Before"
- Kwyet Kinks (EP)
- "Till the End of the Day" b/w "Where Have All the Good Times Gone"
- "Dedicated Follower of Fashion" b/w "Sitting On My Sofa"
- "A Well Respected Man" b/w "Milk Cow Blues"
- "Sunny Afternoon" b/w "I'm Not Like Everybody Else"
- "Dead End Street" b/w "Big Black Smoke"
- The Kinks, Pye, 1964, as You Really Got Me, Reprise (U.S.), 1964
- Kinks-Size, Reprise, 1965
- Kinda Kinks, Pye (UK) 1965, Reprise (U.S.), 1965
- The Kink Kontroversy, Pye (UK) 1965, Reprise (U.S.), 1966
- Kinkdom, Reprise (U.S.) 1965
- Face to Face, Pye (UK) 1966, Reprise (U.S.) 1966
- Come Out Fighting Ghengis Smith by Roy Harper CBS 1967
- Something Else by The Kinks, Pye (UK) 1967, Reprise (U.S.) 1968
- "I Can't Explain" b/w "Bald Headed Woman," Brunswick (UK), Decca (U.S.), 1965
- "Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere" b/w "Daddy Rolling Stone," Brunswick (UK), 1965, Decca (U.S.), 1965
- "My Generation" b/w "Shout and Shimmy," Brunswick (UK), 1965, Decca (U.S.), 1965
- "A Legal Matter" b/w "Instant Party"
- "The Kids Are Alright" b/w "A Legal Matter"
- Be My Guest, 1965
- "Friday On My Mind" b/w "Made My Bed ; Gonna Lie In It" United Artists Records (UK & US), Albert Productions/Parlophone (Australia), 1966
- "Who'll Be The One" b/w "Saturday Night" United Artists Records (UK), Albert Productions/Parlophone (Australia), 1967
- If Only (by Axiom), Warner Reprise, 1971