Sheikhupur, Badaun

The town of Sautbad, known as Sheikhupur (Urdu: شيخُوپُور‎), is about 4 km from the centre of Badaun city across the river Saut, Uttar Pradesh, India and comes under Badaun Metro Area.It is 1 km from Budaun and will be the part of the city in one year. The latitude and longitude of Sheikhupur are 28.1 (N) and 79.7' respectively.

Sheikhupur
Town
Sheikhupur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Sheikhupur
Sheikhupur
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°21′N 79°01′E / 28.35°N 79.02°E / 28.35; 79.02Coordinates: 28°21′N 79°01′E / 28.35°N 79.02°E / 28.35; 79.02
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictBadaun
Government
 • BodyShekhupur Gram Sabha
Area
 • Total13 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation
192 m (630 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total44,475
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)metric
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
243601
Telephone code05832
Vehicle registrationUP 24

Sheikhupur is not only the name of a town: It stands for a culture where learning flourished. The foundation of this historic township was laid more than three centuries ago by Farooqui Faridi Sheikh of Badaun, Shaikh Ibrahim Ali Farooqui aka Nawab Mohtashim Khan. He was the second son of Qutubuddin Koka (foster brother) of emperor Jahangir.[2][circular reference] Ever since it was founded, Sheikhupur witnessed phases of its rise and fall like any other historic place. Sheikhupur still exists on the map and treasures the memories of its glorious past which helped to shape the history of Mughal India.

Climate and agricultureEdit

The climate of Sheikhupur is the same as its surrounding areas. It is at a higher elevation and by a side of a river. Its soil is excellent for agriculture and crops being cultivated in the surrounding areas are grown here. Being close to Badaun yet at a distance from it, Sheikhupur possesses an identity of its own.

TransportationEdit

Access to Sheikhupur is easy as a railway line passes through it apart from katcha{unmetalled} and pucca{metalled) roads from Badaun. The train going from Bareilly to Kasganj hails at Sheikhupur railway station. The Pucca road via Nawshera to Qadar Chowk passes through Sheikhupur and is a busy road through the day. The easiest road to take for Badaun is the Pucca Road running between Mauza Meeran Sarai and Ghalib Patti, going up to river Saut.

Historic significanceEdit

Sheikhupur is an area near Badaun, a city in the north-central Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. It is inhabited by Faridi branch of Farooqi Sheikhs. In the reign of Emperor Akbar the Farooqi Sheikhs became connected with the Mughal Empire. Its first member was Sheikh Salim Chishti, whose tomb at Fatehpur Sikri near Agra was built at the expense of the State. His grandson Nawab Qutubuddin Koka was the foster brother and private secretary of Emperor Jahangir and later governor of Bengal in the Mughal Empire.[3] Nawab Qutbuddin Koka's second son Shaikh Ibrahim Ali Farooqui titled Kishwar Khan - aka Nawab Mohtashim Khan was granted by emperor Jahangir a jagir of 4,000 bighas of land in Badaun District (United Provinces) where he built a small fort named Sheikhupur after Jahangir, who was caned Sheikhu-baba in his childhood[4]. He was married to Parwar Khanam daughter of Asaf Khan IV (the Grand Vizier of Mughal Empire 1628-41[5][circular reference]) and sister of Mumtaz Mahal (Empress consort of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan). Nawab Mohtashim Khan and Parwar Khanum's grand mausoleum still stands in Sheikhupur to this day housing their graves.

The jagir of 4000 bigha and 22 villages granted to Nawab Mohtashim Khan by Emperor Jahangir was further maintained and reinstated during the reigns of Emperor Shah Jahan and Alamgir in the Badaun district[6]. The descendants of Nawab Mohtashim Khan and Parwar Khanum live to this day in Sheikhupur (Badaun district), Bareilly (Uttar Pradesh) and have spread to Eastern Uttar Pradesh in Fatehpur.

DemographicsEdit

Since it is the largest locality of Metro Area of Badaun, it has a population of 47,445 in which 24,430 are male and 23,015 are females. Shekhupur has a literacy rate of 64%.

Religions in Shekhupur[7]
Religion Percent
Hindus
45%
Muslims
54%
Others†
1%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.01%), Buddhists (0.02%), Not stated 0.06%

DevelopmentEdit

Soon, Sheikhpur will be added in the city of Budaun and its Railway Station would be Budaun Junction.[citation needed]

Notable people and familiesEdit

 
Taken in the late-1800s, this photo shows the visit of James Meston, 1st Baron Meston, to Nawab Abdul-Ghaffar Khan Bahadur and his family in Sheikhupur
  • Nawab Abdul-Ghaffar Khan Bahadur, Jagirdar of Sheikhupur — was a descendant of Nawab Qutubuddin Khan Koka, nearly 10 generations since the rule of Emperor Jahangir. He was also a direct descendant of great Sufis including Fariduddin Ganjshakar and Sheikh Salim Chishti. During the First War of Independence, they allied with British, rendering many useful services to the Government of India by giving refuge to senior British government officials during the troubled period. For his services, he was rewarded extensive land in the Badaun and Sheikhupur area, and was thanked with his family by a visit from James Meston, 1st Baron Meston, who later served as the Lieutenant-Governor of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
  • Hakim Ghulam Najaf Khan - physician and royal courtier in the court of last Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar. The emperor bestowed the title of Azaz-ud-daula Bahadur for his service to the royal household[8].
  • Sultan Haider 'Josh' - poet and one of the first short story writers of Urdu[9]
  • Begum Abida Ahmed - wife of the 5th President of India Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed[10][circular reference]
  • Maulana Sheikh Waheed Ahmad Masood- was a Poet, Writer, Journalist- Monthly "Naqeeb" and Daily "Zindagi", Parliament Secretary Industries, HMD U.P. Government and Whip of the Legislative Council, On 15.Aug.1947, Union Jack (British Flag) was thrown off by him and he was the person who firstly hoisted the Tiranga in Police Ground Budaun.
  • Khan Bahadur Syed Mohammad Alies Maiku Mian-was the Elder brother of Maulana Sheikh Waheed Ahmad Masood- The First District (Budaun) President of All India Congress Committee-1922, He was Also a Freedom Fighter and writer, And also a trustee of H.S.I.I. College Budaun.
  • Sheikh Mohabbe Ahmad Masood- was the Younger Brother of Maulana Sheikh Waheed Ahmad Masood- He was also a trustee of H.S.I.I. College Budaun, And Social Worker.
  • Ikram Uddin Haider- was Pradhan Gram Sabha Sheikhupur and Manager of H.S.I.I. College Budaun Till his death.
  • Dr. Hazrat Sheikh Anees Ahmad Faridi- Son of Maulana Sheikh Waheed Ahmad Masood- Sufi And Social Worker.
  • Hazrat Haseen Ahmad Faridi (Khwaja)-Grand Son of Maulana Sheikh Waheed Ahmad Masood And Son of Dr. Hazrat Sheikh Anees Ahmad Faridi, He is Sajjada Nasheen Dargaah Baba Fareed Pitari Shareef Sheikhupur, Journalist-(Urdu Monthly Magazine Naam-o-Nishan, Hifazat-E-Aman Urdu Hindi English Weekly, Aman Sandesh Weekly), Poet, Writer And Social Worker, Manager Madarsa-E-Faridi. He presently lives in a part of Sheikhupur Qila Named Anees Manzil Alies Masood Mahal with his Wife Ghazala Mukhtar And two children- Khwaja Tooba Faridi And Khwaja Mamoon Faridi.
  • Seema Faridi Shehzadi Khwaja-The Grand Daughter of Maulana Sheikh Waheed Ahmad Masood And Daughter of Dr. Hazrat Sheikh Anees Ahmad Faridi was a great poetess (Manzar Mausam Khwab, Barq Barf Aaina)
  • Khwaja Saima Faridi- The Grand Daughter of Maulana Sheikh Waheed Ahmad Masood And Daughter of Dr. Hazrat Sheikh Anees Ahmad Faridi- is a Social Worker.
  • Begum Parveen Azad - a senior Indian Congress party politician [the 11th Lok Sabha (1996) Congress-party candidate from Baduan][11], and great, great, great granddaughter of Nawab Abdul-Ghaffar Khan Bahadur, Jagirdar of Sheikhupur
  • Muzaffar Ali - film maker, fashion designer, painter and Raja of Kotwara. His mother was from Sheikhupur[12][circular reference]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=143497
  2. ^ Qutubuddin Koka#Progeny
  3. ^ Ellison Banks Findly (March 25, 1993). Nur Jahan - Empress of Mughal India: Oxford University Press; 1 edition, pg.27
  4. ^ https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.531221/2015.531221.punjab-district_djvu.txt
  5. ^ Abul-Hasan ibn Mirza Ghiyas Beg
  6. ^ https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.531221/2015.531221.punjab-district_djvu.txt
  7. ^ "Shekhupur Religion Data 2011". Shekhupur Population Census 2011. Census 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  8. ^ Delhi District Gazetteer, 1912 (Chapter J). Website of Revenue & Disaster Management Department, Haryana
  9. ^ http://fp.brecorder.com/2013/05/201305181187105/
  10. ^ Begum Abida Ahmed
  11. ^ Women and Politics in Asia: A Springboard for Democracy? Pg: 52
  12. ^ Muzaffar Ali

External linksEdit