Sheffield Hallam (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Sheffield, Hallam in South Yorkshire
Location of South Yorkshire within England
|Electorate||70,032 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Jared O'Mara (Independent)|
|European Parliament constituency||Yorkshire and the Humber|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 History
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External sources
It has returned a Labour MP for the first time since its first election in 1885 and, apart from a brief period between 1916 and 1918, was held by the Conservatives from 1885 until 1997, when the Liberal Democrats won it. This long period of Conservative dominance included all 3 elections under Margaret Thatcher's premiership, starkly contrasting with the consensus within most seats in the county and the other county which Sheffield Hallam borders, Derbyshire.
On income-based 2004 statistics, this is the most affluent constituency one place below the top ten seats of the 650, which were spread across the South East of England (including London), with almost 12% of residents earning over £60,000 a year. This measure placed Sheffield Hallam above Windsor and Twickenham.
Based on 2011–12 income and tax statistics from HMRC, Sheffield Hallam has the 70th highest median income of the 650 parliamentary constituencies, with those above it almost exclusively in London and the South East, and placing it above Tunbridge Wells (76th), The Cotswolds (92nd), Cambridge (97th), Hemel Hempstead (103rd), and David Cameron's former Witney constituency (121st).
The 2001 Census showed Hallam to have the highest number of people classified as professionals of any of the UK constituencies. Furthermore, 60% of working-age residents hold a degree, 7th highest and exceeding Cambridge.[n 2]
Before the 1997 general election, the constituency was a safe Conservative seat, and was the only Conservative seat in South Yorkshire in the three previous elections to that. From 2005 to 2017, it was represented in the House of Commons by Nick Clegg, who was leader of the Liberal Democrats from 2007 to 2015 and Deputy Prime Minister from 2010 to 2015.
Hallam constituency extends from Stannington and Loxley in the north to Dore in the south and includes small parts of the city centre in the east. It includes the wards of Crookes, Dore and Totley, Ecclesall, Fulwood and Stannington.
The majority of Hallam is rural, spreading in the west into the Peak District National Park. It also contains some of the least deprived wards in the country, has low unemployment (1.5% jobseekers claimants in November 2012) and a high rate of owner occupancy with few occupants who rent their home. Since the 2010 boundary changes, neither of Sheffield's universities have a campus in the constituency but it still includes areas where many students live.
From 25 October 2017 until 3 July 2018, O'Mara had the whip withdrawn as a Labour MP and sat as an independent. It was later restored but he quit the Labour Party shortly afterwards. He now sits as an independent MP. O'Mara announced he is to resign as an MP in September 2019, citing mental health issues, which will trigger a by-election in the constituency. However, come September, he postponed his resignation.
1885-1918: The Borough of Sheffield wards of Nether and Upper Hallam, and parts of the wards of Ecclesall and St George's.
1918-1950: The County Borough of Sheffield wards of Crookesmoor and Hallam, and part of Broomhill ward.
1950-1955: The County Borough of Sheffield wards of Broomhill, Ecclesall, and Hallam.
1955-1974: The County Borough of Sheffield wards of Broomhill, Crookesmoor, Ecclesall, and Hallam.
1974-1983: The County Borough of Sheffield wards of Broomhill, Dore, Ecclesall, Hallam, and Nether Edge.
1983-1997: The City of Sheffield wards of Broomhill, Dore, Ecclesall, Hallam, and Nether Edge.
1997-2010: The City of Sheffield wards of Broomhill, Dore, Ecclesall, and Hallam.
2010–present: The City of Sheffield wards of Crookes and Crosspool, Dore and Totley, Ecclesall, Fulwood, and Stannington.
Prior to its creation Hallam was a part of the larger Sheffield Borough constituency, which was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs). In 1885 the Redistribution of Seats Act, which sought to eliminate constituencies with more than one MP and for the first time allow approximately equal representation of the people, led to the break-up of the constituency into five divisions: each represented by a single MP, as today. Hallam was one of these new divisions. Its first MP, the Conservative Charles Stuart-Wortley, had previously been an MP in the Sheffield constituency, elected for the first time in 1880.
Hallam was regarded in 2004 as the wealthiest constituency in the north of England and was held by the Conservative Party for all but two years from 1885 to 1997. At the 1997 general election Richard Allan of the Liberal Democrats took the seat with an 18.5% swing, becoming only the second non-Tory ever to win it. He handed the seat to fellow Lib Dem Nick Clegg in 2005, who held it until his defeat by Labour's Jared O'Mara in the 2017 general election. That year saw the constituency record its highest turnout since 1951, with 77.8% of voters going to the polls.
Constituency polls during the 2010–2015 ParliamentEdit
Due in part to the high profile of the constituency's then-MP Nick Clegg, who served as Deputy Prime Minister during the 2010–15 Parliament, Sheffield Hallam is unusual in having had seven constituency-specific opinion polls conducted between 2010 and 2015. Each of these polls suggested significant changes in the vote share compared to 2010 general election. The first poll, in October 2010, suggested a drop in the Lib Dem lead in the seat to just 2%, from nearly 30% at the general election five months earlier. Five of the six remaining polls, which appeared between May 2014 and May 2015, suggested that Labour was in the lead in the seat by this time, with the Labour lead fluctuating to between 1% and 10%, and one put the Lib Dems in the lead. On average across all seven opinion polls, Labour had a lead over the Lib Dems of 2.5%. The Conservatives came second in one poll, and third in the other six polls. The May 2015 ICM poll scores displayed are those of the constituency voting intention question. The same poll also carried the standard voting intention question, which showed a Labour lead.
|Polling organisation/client||Sample size||Lab||Con||LD||UKIP||Green||Others||Lead|
|8 June 2017||General Election 2017||57,020||38.4%||23.8%||34.7%||1.6%||1.4%||0.1%||3.8% over LD|
|7 May 2015||general election Result||55,481||35.8%||13.6%||40.0%||6.4%||3.2%||0.9%||4.2% over Lab|
|1–3 May 2015||ICM/Guardian||501||35%||12%||42%||7%||3%||2%||7% over Lab|
|22–28 Apr 2015||Lord Ashcroft||1,000||37%||15%||36%||7%||4%||1%||1% over LD|
|22–28 Mar 2015||Lord Ashcroft||1,001||36%||16%||34%||7%||6%||1%||2% over LD|
|22–29 Jan 2015||Survation/Unite||1,011||33%||22%||23%||9%||12%||<0.5%||10% over LD|
|20–22 Nov 2014||Survation/Lord Ashcroft||962||30%||19%||27%||13%||10%||1%||3% over LD|
|29 Apr–4 May 2014||ICM/Lord Oakeshott||500||33%||24%||23%||10%||8%||1%||9% over Con|
|1–4 Oct 2010||Populus/Lord Ashcroft||1,000||31%||28%||33%||N/A||N/A||8%||2% over Lab|
|6 May 2010||General Election Result||51,135||16.1%||23.5%||53.4%||2.3%||1.8%||2.7%||29.9% over Con|
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1885||Charles Stuart-Wortley||Conservative||Baron Stuart of Wortley|
|1916 b||H. A. L. Fisher||Liberal|
|1922||Frederick Sykes[n 4]||Conservative||MP for Nottingham Central (1940–45)|
|1928 b||Louis Smith||Conservative||Died in office|
|1939 b||Roland Jennings||Conservative||Contested elections as a "Conservative and Liberal"|
|1997||Richard Allan||Liberal Democrat||Baron Allan of Hallam|
|2005||Nick Clegg||Liberal Democrat||Leader of the Lib Dems, 2007–2015. Deputy Prime Minister, 2010–2015|
|2017||Independent||Labour whip withdrawn on 25 October 2017|
|2018||Labour||Whip reinstated on 3 July 2018 |
|2018||Independent||Resigned party whip on 12 July|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Laura Gordon|
|Brexit Party||Terence Alan McHale|
|UKIP||Michael Joseph Virgo|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Clegg||19,756||34.7||-5.3|
|Labour gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+4.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Clegg||22,215||40.0||−13.4|
|English Democrat||Steve Clegg||167||0.3||−0.8|
|Independent||Jim Stop the Fiasco Wild||97||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||-16.55|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Clegg||27,324||53.4||+7.2|
|English Democrat||David Wildgoose||586||1.1||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Mark Adshead||164||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+6.9|
In 2010, Sheffield Hallam was one of a number of constituencies which experienced problems on polling day leading to some people being unable to cast their vote. In this case, voters at the Ranmoor polling station were subjected to long queues and some voters were turned away when polls closed at 10 pm, with Liberal Democrat candidate Nick Clegg apologising to those voters affected. Acting Returning Officer John Mothersole said that staff had been "caught out" by a high turnout, and the Electoral Commission instigated a review of procedures in Hallam and other constituencies where similar problems had occurred.
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Clegg||20,710||51.2||−4.3|
|Christian Peoples||Sidney Cordle||441||1.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||-1.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Allan||21,203||55.4||+4.1|
|Liberal Democrat hold||Swing||+3.1|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Allan||23,345||51.3||+18.2|
|Labour||Stephen G. Conquest||6,147||13.5||−6.6|
|Referendum||Ian S. Davidson||788||1.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative||Swing||15.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter J. Gold||17,952||33.1||+0.6|
|Natural Law||Richard E. Hurtford||101||0.2||N/A|
|Revolutionary Communist||Theresa M. Clifford||99||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Conservative||Irvine Patnick[n 6]||25,649||46.3||−4.3|
|Liberal||Malcolm S. Johnson||15,077||28.4||+12.7|
|Ind. Conservative||Philip Booler||656||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||G. F. Smith||300||0.5||N/A|
|Labour||Clive Betts[n 7]||15,419||29.0||+1.8|
|Labour||David Blunkett[n 8]||16,149||27.2||−4.2|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative and National Liberal||John Osborn||28,747||62.8|
|Conservative and National Liberal hold||Swing|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Roland Jennings||30,069||66.2|
|Conservative and National Liberal hold||Swing|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Roland Jennings||29,016||70.8|
|Conservative and National Liberal hold||Swing|
|Conservative and National Liberal||Roland Jennings||28,159||65.1|
|Labour||H. C. Spears||11,444||26.5|
|Liberal||Alfred E Jones||3,641||8.4|
|Conservative and National Liberal hold||Swing|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||John Frederick Drabble||13,009||38.5||+5.8|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||C. S. Darvill||9,939||38.3||+5.6|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Joseph Burton Hobman||2,715||15.5|
|Liberal||Cuthbert Snowball Rewcastle||5,383||23.4||-17.2|
|Liberal||Cuthbert Snowball Rewcastle||9,173||40.6|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Liberal||H. A. L. Fisher||Unopposed|
|Liberal gain from Unionist|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Lib-Lab||T. R. Threlfall||2,612||42.2||−3.4|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- Also above Cities of London and Westminster and Hammersmith and Fulham.
- The constituency should not be confused with the former Hallamshire constituency.
- Knighted in 1928 and appointed Governor of Bombay
- At the 1997 general election the seat saw an unprecedented 18.2% one-party swing from the other parties, particularly the large Conservative vote, towards the Liberal Democrat winning candidate.
- After 28 years as MP for the seat, John Osborn stood down at the 1987 general election. His replacement as the Conservative Party candidate, local businessman Irvine Patnick, held the seat for the Conservatives with a slightly reduced majority.
- Clive Betts, the losing Labour candidate at the October 1974 general election, won the Sheffield Attercliffe seat in 1992.
- David Blunkett, the losing February 1974 Labour candidate, won the Sheffield Brightside seat in 1987 enabling his later positions in government as Secretary of State (1997–2005).
- The constituency boundaries were redrawn prior to the February 1974 general election, perhaps accounting for the reduced majority of the incumbent, John Osborn.
- "Conservative and Liberal"
- "Conservative and Liberal"
- The 1928 by-election followed the resignation of Frederick Sykes on 26 June to take up an appointment as Governor of Bombay.
- Sheffield Hallam UK Polling Report
- "Former Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg loses seat amid Labour surge". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- The Campaign to End Child Poverty Daily Mail
- Wealth hotspots 'outside London' BBC News Cite error: The named reference "auto" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- Income and tax by Parliamentary constituency HMRC
- Sheffield – a city of class division The Guardian
- UCU – University and College Union – National ranking – degree level and above University and College Union
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "2011 Census Interactive – ONS". ons.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 29 January 2016.
- "OpenStreetMap". openstreetmap.org.
- Elgot, Jessica (24 August 2018). "Labour reinstates suspended MP Jared O'Mara". the Guardian. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- "Reinstated MP quits Labour Party". BBC News. 12 July 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
- "Jared O'Mara: Sheffield MP to resign from Parliament". BBC News. 27 July 2019.
- "Populus/Lord Ashcroft opinion poll of Sheffield Hallam, 1–4 October 2010, full data charts" (PDF).
- "ICM/Lord Oakeshott opinion poll of Sheffield Hallam, 29 April-4 May 2014, full data charts" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015.
- "Survation/Lord Ashcroft opinion poll of Sheffield Hallam, 20–22 November 2014, full data charts" (PDF).
- "Survation/Unite opinion poll of Sheffield Hallam, 22–29 January 2015, full data charts" (PDF).
- "Lord Ashcroft opinion poll of Sheffield Hallam, 22–28 March 2015, full data charts" (PDF).
- "Lord Ashcroft opinion poll of Sheffield Hallam, 22–28 April 2015, full data charts" (PDF).
- Clark, Tom (4 May 2015). "'Breathtaking' surge of Tory tactical votes to save Nick Clegg in Hallam – poll" – via The Guardian.
- "Sheffield Hallam Result 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- This poll originally, erroneously, showed a small lead for the LDs: see http://lordashcroftpolls.com/2015/02/sheffield-hallam-doncaster-north-thanet-south/#more-7536
- Elgot, Jessica (3 July 2018). "Labour reinstates suspended MP Jared O'Mara". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
- "Statement of persons nominated: Sheffield Hallam". Sheffield City Council. 12 May 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Sheffield Hallam". BBC News. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Sheffield Hallam". Election 2010. BBC News. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Nick Clegg apologises to voters in polling queues". BBC News. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Sheffield Hallam". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- Vote 2001 – Sheffield Hallam BBC News
- Election 2005 – Sheffield Hallam BBC News
- Election history – Sheffield Hallam The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
- Political Science Resources Election results from 1951 to the present
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918 – 1949
- F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950 – 1970
- Sheffield General Election Results 1945 – 2001[permanent dead link], Sheffield City Council
- UK Constituency Maps
- The Campaign to End Child Poverty The Daily Mail