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Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay (30 March 1899 – 22 September 1970) was an Indian Bengali-language writer. He was also actively involved with Bengali cinema as well as Bollywood. His most famous creation is the fictional detective Byomkesh Bakshi.
|Born||30 March 1899|
Jaunpur, British India
|Died||22 September 1970 (aged 71)|
|Notable works||Byomkesh Bakshi stories|
He wrote different forms of prose: novels, short stories, plays and screenplays. However, his forte was short stories and novels. He wrote historical fiction like Kaler Mandira, GourMollar (initially named as Mouri Nodir Teere), Tumi Sandhyar Megh, Tungabhadrar Teere (all novels), Chuya-Chandan, Maru O Sangha (later made into a Hindi film named Trishangni) and stories of the supernatural with the recurring character Baroda, the Ghost Investigator. In addition, he wrote many songs and poems.
Personal life and educationEdit
He was born to Tarabhushan and Bijaliprabha Bandyopadhyay at his maternal grandparents' home in Jaunpur, United Province, India. The family hailed from Purnia, Bihar, India. He passed the matriculation examination in 1915 and took admission in Vidyasagar College, Calcutta. While studying there, he published his first work, Jaubansmriti, a collection of poems, at the age of 20. In 1919, he passed the B.A. examination. He studied law in Patna and then devoted his time to writing.
Bandyopadhyay wrote short stories, historical as well as social novels, poems, songs, essays, and stage plays. He also wrote several screen plays, some of which were based on his other writings. His stories are always very short and generally have a twist ending; in this respect, he can be compared to another prominent author, Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay, a.k.a. Bonoful. Humor, wit and satire are prevalent in his work. The main theme of most of his writings is romance. He was very selective and a perfectionist.
The first Byomkesh Bakshi work appeared in 1932. One of his earliest stories, Raktasandhya, appeared in Bengali in 1939 and was later included in The Scarlet Dusk (2003), a collection of 5 of his stories translated into English. He moved to Mumbai in 1938 to write screenplays for Bombay Talkies and other film banners. He gave up ties with the film industry in 1952, and moved to Pune, to concentrate on writing. He wrote several ghost stories, historical romances and children's stories in Bengali over the next 18 years.
Byomkesh Bakshi is a detective. He calls himself Satyanweshi or the truth-seeker.
Boroda is a ghost-hunter and in writer's words Bhootanweshi. Like the Mejokorta of Premendra Mitra, he has direct interactions with ghosts. In Byomkesh O Boroda, the two characters meet. The list of stories in Chronological order:-
- Pretpuri - 1915
- Rokto Khyaddot - 1929
- Tiktiki'r Dim - 1929
- Moron Bhomra - 1932
- Oshoriri - 1932
- Sobuj Chosma
- Malkosh - 1962
- Moron Dola
Sadashib is a teenage character. He is a Marathi adolescent orphan. All stories of Sadashiv series were based on Shivaji and Aurangjib conflict. There are a total of five stories in chronological order (as mentioned below):
- Sadashiber Adikando
- Sadashiber Agnikando
- Sadashiber Douro Douri Kando
- Sadashiber Hoi Hoi Kando
- Sadashiber Ghora Ghora Kando
He had planned to write more Sadashib stories following Shivaji's Ascent to the throne but his untimely death actually brought an abrupt end to this historic adventure series for children.
- 1931 Satyanweshi aka The Seeker of Truth
- 1932 Pother Kanta aka The (Thorns in the Path) Gramophone Pin Mystery
- 1932 Seemanto-Heera aka The Hidden Heirloom
- 1933 Makorshar Rosh aka The Venom Of The Tarantula
- 1933 Arthamanartham aka Where There's a Will
- 1933 Chorabali aka Quicksand
- 1935 Agnibaan aka Calamity Strikes
- 1935 Uposonghaar aka An Encore for Byomkesh
- 1936 Raktomukhi Neela aka The Deadly Diamond
- 1936 Byomkesh O Boroda aka Byomkesh and Barada
- 1951 Chitrochor aka Picture Imperfect
- 1952 Durgo Rahasya The Mystery of the Fortress
- 1953 Chiriyakhana aka The Menagerie
- 1955 Adim Ripu aka The Ancient Enemy.
- 1956 Banhi-patanga aka Flame and Moth
- 1956 Rokter Daag (Bloodstains)
- 1958 Monimondon aka The Jewel Case
- 1959 Amriter Mrityu aka The Death of Amrito
- 1959 Shailo Rahasya aka Phantom Client
- 1960 Achin Pakhi aka The Avenger
- 1961 Kohen Kobi Kalidas aka Thus spoke Kavi Kalidasa
- 1961 Adrishyo Trikon aka The Invisible Triangle
- 1961 Khunji Khunji Nari aka The Will that Vanished
- 1961 Adwitiyo (Unique)
- 1963 Mognomoinak aka The Secret Berg
- 1963 Dushtochokro aka The Crooked Circle
- 1964 Henyalir Chhondo aka The Rhythm of Riddles
- 1964 Room Nombor Dui aka Room Number 2
- 1965 Chholonar Chhondo aka Man in a Red Coat
- 1967 Shajarur Kanta aka The Quills of the Porcupine
- 1968 Benishonghar aka The Killing of Beni
- 1969 Lohar Biskut aka Iron Biscuits
- 1970 Bishupal Bodh (incomplete) (The Slaying of Bishupal)
- Kaler Mandira [কালের মন্দিরা] (1951)
- GaurMallar [গৌড়মল্লার] (1954)
- Tumi Sandhyar Megh [তুমি সন্ধ্যার মেঘ] (1958)
- Kumarsambhaber Kabi [কুমারসম্ভবের কবি] (1963)
- Tungabhadrar Teere [তুঙ্গভদ্রার তীরে] (1965)
- Jhinder Bondi [ঝিন্দের বন্দী]
- Dadar Kirti [দাদার কীর্তি]
- Jatismar [জাতিস্মর] (1933)
- Chuya-Chandan [চুয়া-চন্দন] (1935)
- BishKonya [বিষকন্যা] (1942)
- Sada Prithibi [সাদা পৃথিবী] (1948)
- Emon Dine [এমন দিনে] (1963)
- ShankhaKankan [শঙ্খকঙ্কণ] (1963)
- Kortar Kirti [কর্তার কীর্তি]
- Timingil [তিমিঙ্গিল]
- Protidwondee [প্রতিদ্বন্দী]
- Adim Nrityo [আদিম নৃত্য]
- Kutub Shirshe [কুতুব শীর্ষে]
- Vendeta [ভেনডেটা]
- Mone Mone [মনে মনে]
- Jhi [ঝি]
- Toothbrush [টুথব্রাশ]
- Arob Sagorer Rosikota [আরব সাগরের রসিকতা]
- Premik [প্রেমিক]
- Roopkotha [রূপকথা]
- GronthiRohosyo [গ্রন্থিরহস্য]
- Bhutor Chondrobindu [ভূতোর চন্দ্রবিন্দু]
- SondehoJonok Byapar [সন্দেহজনক ব্যাপার]
- Sekalini [সেকালিনী]
- Asomapto [অসমাপ্ত]
- Mukhos [মুখোস]
- Poriksha [পরীক্ষা]
- Vokti Vajon [ভক্তি ভোজন]
- Bohu Bighnani [বহু বিঘ্নানি]
- Sharadindu Omnibus [শরদিন্দু অমনিবাস] (in 12 volumes) (edited by Pratul Chandra Gupta, Bandyopadhyay's friend and published by the Ananda Publishers, Kolkata).
(See also Byomkesh Bakshi for individual stories featuring this detective)
As screenplay writer:
- Durga [দুর্গা] (1939)
- Kangan (1939)
- Navjeevan (1939)
- Azad (1940)
TV series based on Sharadindu's writingsEdit
- Byomkesh Bakshi (TV series) (1993, 1997) - A Hindi TV series based on Byomkesh Bakshi directed by Basu Chatterjee made for DD National. The series stars Rajit Kapur as Byomkesh Bakshi, K.K. Raina as Ajit Bandyopadhyay and Sukanya Kulkarni as Satyavati. The series had two season. First season aired on 1993 and the second season on 1997.
- Byomkesh (2014-2015) - A Bengali crime drama television series based on the Byomkesh Bakshi made for Colors Bangla channel. The series stars Gaurav Chakrabarty, Saugata Bandyopadhyay and Ridhima Ghosh as Byomkesh Bakshi, Ajit and Satyabati respectively.
Films based on Sharadindu's writingsEdit
- Jhinder Bandi [ঝিন্দের বন্দী] (1961) —Directed by Tapan Sinha is based on a recreation of Prisoner of Zenda written by Anthony Hope. This novel is categorised as one of Sharadindu's romantic novels.
- Chiriyakhana [চিড়িয়াখানা] (1966) —Directed by Satyajit Ray is based on one of the most intricate detective novels ever written in Bengali. It features supersleuth Byomkesh Bakshi. Uttam Kumar was cast as Byomkesh Bakshi.
- Shajarur Kanta (1974) -directed by actress-turned-director Manju Dey and produced by Star Productions was the second film of the Bakshi series. Satindra Bhattacharya replaced Uttam Kumar as Bakshi while Shailen Mukherjee reprised his role as Ajit.
- Dadar Kirti [দাদার কীর্তি] —Directed by Tarun Majumdar. This full-length feature is based on a novel of the same name.
- Meghmukti [মেঘমুক্তি] —Directed by Tarun Majumdar. This full-length feature is based on a short-story of named Kortar Kirti.
- Magno Mainak [মগ্ন মৈনাক] (2009)—Directed by Swapan Ghoshal who also directed the two Bengali TV series on the sleuth. The film is featuring several TV actors. TV actor Shuvrajit Dutta is playing Bakshi.
- Byomkesh Bakshi [ব্যোমকেশ বক্সী] (2010) —Directed by Anjan Dutt. This movie is based on the story Adim Ripu [আদিম রিপু]. Abir Chatterjee plays Byomkesh Bakshi while Saswata Chatterjee plays Ajit. Swastika Mukherjee plays Shiuli the bar dancer and Chandan Sen plays arms dealer Batul. Dutta plans to make a trilogy.
- Abar Byomkesh [আবার ব্যোমকেশ] (2012) —Directed by Anjan Dutt. This movie is based on the story Chitrachor [চিত্রচোর ]. This series is expected to be followed by Kohen Kobi Kalidas .
- Jekhane Bhooter Bhoy [যেখানে ভুতের ভয়] (2012), a film directed by Sandip Ray, is based on three separate stories, the last one being Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay's 'Bhoot Bhabishyat'(ভুত-ভবিষ্যৎ), starring Saswata Chatterjee and Paran Banerjee in lead roles.
- Satyanweshi [সত্যান্বেষী] (2013), the last film directed by Rituparno Ghosh and released in 2013, is based on the story "Chorabali" [চোরাবালি, Quick sand]. Sujoy Ghosh played the role of Byomkesh, with Anindya Chattopadhyay as Ajit.
- In the film Chaar (2014), one story (Porikkha) is written by Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay. The film is directed by Sandip Ray.
- Byomkesh Phire Elo [ব্যোমকেশ ফিরে এলো] (2014) —Directed by Anjan Dutt. This movie is based on the Byomkesh story Beni Sanghar (বেণীসংহার).
- Shajarur Kanta [সজারুর কাঁটা] (2015) —Directed by Saibal Mitra. This movie is based on the Byomkesh story of same name.
- Byomkesh Bakshi [ব্যোমকেশ বক্সী] (2015) —Directed by Anjan Dutt. This movie is based on the Byomkesh story Kohen Kobi Kalidas (কহেন কবি কালিদাস).
- Har Har Byomkesh [বন্হী পতঙ্গ] (2015) —Directed by Arindam Sil. This movie is based on the Byomkesh story Banhi Patanga (বন্হী পতঙ্গ).
- Monchora [মনচোরা ] (2015) —Directed by Sandip Ray. This movie is based on the novel of same name.
- Baroda O Bohurupi [বরদা ও বহুরূপী] (2016) -Directed by Neelotpal Sinharoy and acted by Sambrita Ghatak. Short movie, based on the Story Bohurupi (বহুরূপী)
- Byomkesh O Chiriyakhana [ব্যোমকেশ ও চিড়িয়াখানা ] (2016) -Directed by Anjan Dutta.This movie is based on the byomkesh story "Chiriyakhana"(চিড়িয়াখানা).
- Byomkesh Pawrbo (2016) This movie was directed by Arindam Sil.
- Byomkesh Gotro (2018) This movie was directed by Arindam Sil.
- Bhabhi (1938) directed by Franz Osten for Bombay Talkies, with story by Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay. Based on the short story "Bisher Dhoan".
- Vachan (1938) directed by Franz Osten for Bombay Talkies.
- Trishagni (1988) is an award-winning film directed by Nabendu Ghosh, based on Sharadindu's historical short story Moru O Sangho.
- Detective Byomkesh Bakshi (2015) directed by Dibakar Banerjee. The lead role is played by Sushant and the film is set in 1942.
Bandyopadhyay was awarded the Rabindra Puraskar in 1967 for the novel Tungabhadrar Teere by the government of West Bengal . The Calcutta University honoured him with the Sarat Smriti Purashkar in 1967. he was awarded by 'Amrita Bazar patrika' at Nkhil Bharat Bangasahitya sammelan held in Nagpur,1996.The government of India awarded him for his teenage literature "Sadashiber teen kanda" in 1960.Also Amrita Bazar Patrika and Yugantar Patrika awarded him the 'Matilal Puraskar' in 1958.
- Gaurav wows as youngest ever Byomkesh
- Patel, Baburao (January 1939). "Review-Bhabhi". Filmindia. 5 (1): 47. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- Roychoudhury, Amborish. "Birth of an Industry". thebigindianpicture.com. The Big Indian Picture. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "36th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals.
- "Bollywood Movies". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013.
- Roy, Pinaki. The Manichean Investigators: A Postcolonial and Cultural Rereading of the Sherlock Holmes and Byomkesh Bakshi Stories. New Delhi: Sarup Book Publishers, 2008. ISBN 978-81-7625-849-4.
- 2. http://www.rediff.com/movies/slide-show/slide-show-1-rituparno-ghoshs-swan-song-satyanweshi-team-attends-premiere/20130906.htm