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Shangla District

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Shangla District is located in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Shangla District
شانگله
District
ضلع شانگله
Shangla District.jpg
Location of Shangla district in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Location of Shangla district in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Headquarters Alpuri
Area
 • Total 1,586 km2 (612 sq mi)
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total 757,810
 • Density 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)
District Council 28 seats

The district headquarters are located at Alpuri.[2] It was previously a subdivision of Swat District, but was upgraded to the status of a district on July 10, 1995.[3] The total area of the district is 1,586 square kilometres.[3] Shangla comprises three subdivisions, Alpuri, Puran and Besham tehsils.

Shangla has the lowest Human Development Index in the province and second lowest in the country.[4][5]

Contents

LocationEdit

The district is bounded in the north by Kohistan District, in the east by Battagram District and the tribal area of Kala Dhaka (Black Mountain of Hazara), in the west by Swat District and in the south by Buner District.[3]

HistoryEdit

There are relics of the ancient Greek period at Pirsar, Chakesar and Daut. it is believed that Alexander the Great camped at Pirsar for a few days. There are also relics of the Hindu Shahi in Olandar-Ajmair.[6][better source needed]

GeographyEdit

Shangla district consists of small valleys, and is situated between the hillocks and surrounded by high mountains full of forests comprising Pindrow Fir, Morinda Spruce, Blue Pine (Kail), Chir Pine and Deodar Cedar trees. The average elevation of the district is 2000 to 3000 meters above sea level.[3] The highest point (3,440 m) is near Kuz Ganrshal in the north of the district.[3]

PopulationEdit

According to the 2017 census, the district had a population of 757,810 with population density of 480 persons per square kilometre.[citation needed] In the 1998 census, the district had a population of 435,563 with an average annual growth rate of 3.3% and population density of 274 persons per square kilometre.[7] The total number of households is 64,391 with an average household size of 8.1.

Almost the entire population is Muslim (99.8%) with very small numbers of Christians, Hindus, and Ahmadis.[7] The major language is Pashto, spoken natively by 95.4% of the population.[8]

The district was hit by the 2015 Hindu Kush earthquake in which more than 18 people killed.[9]

National and provincial assemblyEdit

This district is represented by one elected MNA (Member of National Assembly) in Pakistan National Assembly. Its constituency is NA-31.[10]

Since 2002: NA-10 (Shangla)Edit

Election Member Party
2002 Amir Muqam MMA
2008 Engineer Amir Muqam PML
2013 Ibadullah PML (N)

Provincial assemblyEdit

The district is represented by two elected MPAs in the provincial assembly who represent the following constituencies:

ReferencesEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • 1998 District Census report of Shangla. Census publication. 106. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.