Open main menu

Sham Shui Po District (Chinese: 深水埗區; Cantonese Yale: Sāmséuibóu kēui) is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is the poorest district in Hong Kong, with a predominantly working-class population of 405,869 in 2016 and the lowest median household income of all districts.[2] Sham Shui Po has long been home to poorer new immigrants from mainland China. It also saw the birth of public housing in Hong Kong, as the government sought to resettle those displaced by a devastating fire in its slums. Sham Shui Po also hosted a Vietnamese refugee camp during the influx of migration in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.

Sham Shui Po
深水埗區
District
Sham Shui Po District
Day view of the Sham Shui Po District skyline
Day view of the Sham Shui Po District skyline
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
Coordinates: 22°19′51″N 114°09′44″E / 22.33074°N 114.16220°E / 22.33074; 114.16220Coordinates: 22°19′51″N 114°09′44″E / 22.33074°N 114.16220°E / 22.33074; 114.16220
Country  Hong Kong
Region Kowloon
Constituencies 21
Government
 • District Council chairman Ambrose Cheung BBS, MH, JP (Independent)
 • District Officer Damian Kwok-hung Lee
Area
 • Total 9.48 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
Population (2016[1])
 • Total 405,869
 • Density 43,000/km2 (110,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)
Website Sham Shui Po District Council
Sham Shui Po District
Traditional Chinese 深水埗區
Simplified Chinese 深水埗区
Cantonese Yale Sāmséuibóu kēui

The district covers the Shek Kip Mei, Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, Lai Chi Kok and Yau Yat Chuen areas of New Kowloon, and Stonecutter's Island of Kowloon.

Contents

AdministrationEdit

Sham Shui Po District administers:

Demographics and housingEdit

 
Buildings in Sham Shui Po

Sham Shui Po was already a densely populated district in the 1950s and 1960s. It is poverty-stricken, having the lowest median monthly domestic household income among the 18 districts. It has the highest percentage of elderly people over 65 years. The percentage of new immigrants is also very high. Living conditions of grass-roots families in this district remain a social issue. [3]

Mei Foo Sun Chuen in Lai Chi Kok, built in 1968 - 1978, was Hong Kong's first large-scale private housing estate. It comprises eight phases with a total of 99 blocks.[4]

Public HousingEdit

There are 18 public housing estates in the Sham Shui Po District, divided into sub-districts:

TransportEdit

There are four railway lines serving Sham Shui Po District:

MTREdit

 
People outside Sham Shui Po MTR station.

BusesEdit

There are also various bus routes serving the district. Most of them are operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, and some by New World First Bus and Citybus. These three companies also jointly operate some routes, most of these crossing the harbour to the Hong Kong Island.

  • Kowloon Motor Bus: 2, 2A, 2B, 2D, 2E, 2F, 6, 6A, 6C, 6D, 6F, 12, 12A, 13P, 18, 30, 30X, 31B, 32, 33A, 35A, 36A, 36B, 37, 38, 38A, 40, 40P, 41, 42, 42A, 42C, 43C, 44, 45, 46, 46X, 52X, 58X, 59X, 60X, 61X, 62X, 63X, 66X, 67X, 68X, 69X, 72, 81, 86, 86A, 86C, 87B, 98C, 98S, 203C, 212, 230X, 234X, 238X, 242X, 258D, 259C, 259D, 265B, 268C, 269C, 286C, 296C
  • New World First Bus: 701, 701S, 702, 702A, 702S, 796C, 970, 970X, 971
  • Citybus: A21, E21, E21A, E22, E22A, E22P, E22S, E22X, N21, N21A, N26, N29
  • Cross Harbour Tunnel:102, 102P, 102R, 104, 112, 117, 118, 118P, 171, 171A, 171P, 904, 905, 914, 914P, 914X, N118, N122, N171

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 Population Census: Summary Results Table A201a Population by District Council District and Year" (in English and Chinese). Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. 2016. Retrieved 2018-05-24.
  2. ^ Basic Tables for District Council Districts: Hong Kong 2006 By-Census
  3. ^ Living conditions in Hong Kong’s poorest district have got worse in last four years ago, SCMP 2017-04-23 Retrieved 2018-05-24
  4. ^ The birth of Hong Kong’s middle class: Mei Foo Sun Chuen, the first private housing estate , SCMP 2017-04-16 Retrieved 2018-05-24

External linksEdit