Sham Shui Po District

Sham Shui Po District is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is the poorest district in Hong Kong, with a predominantly working-class population of 405,869 in 2016 and the lowest median household income of all districts.[3] Sham Shui Po has long been home to poorer new immigrants from mainland China. It also saw the birth of public housing in Hong Kong, as the government sought to resettle those displaced by a devastating fire in its slums. Sham Shui Po also hosted a Vietnamese refugee camp during the influx of migration in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.

Sham Shui Po
Sham Shui Po District
Day view of the Sham Shui Po District skyline
Day view of the Sham Shui Po District skyline
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
Coordinates: 22°19′51″N 114°09′44″E / 22.33074°N 114.16220°E / 22.33074; 114.16220Coordinates: 22°19′51″N 114°09′44″E / 22.33074°N 114.16220°E / 22.33074; 114.16220
SARHong Kong
 • District Council chairmanChum Tak Shing (ADPL)
 • District Council Vice-chairwomanJanet Ng
 • District OfficerDamian Kwok-hung Lee
 • Total9.48 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
 • Total405,869
 • Density43,000/km2 (110,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)
Largest neighbourhood by populationSham Shui Po (60,161 – 2016 est)[2]
WebsiteSham Shui Po District Council
Sham Shui Po District
Traditional Chinese深水埗區
Simplified Chinese深水埗区
JyutpingSam1seoi2bou2 keoi1

The district covers the Shek Kip Mei, Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, Lai Chi Kok, Kowloon Tsai, So Uk, Un Chau [tw], Tai Wo Ping [yue] and Yau Yat Chuen areas of New Kowloon, and Stonecutters Island of Kowloon.


Sham Shui Po District administers:

Demographics and housingEdit

Buildings in Sham Shui Po
Fuk Wing Street, looking south east from Pei Ho Street
Kweilin Street, Sham Shui Po

Sham Shui Po was already a densely populated district in the 1950s and 1960s. It is poverty-stricken, having the lowest median monthly domestic household income among the 18 districts. It has the highest percentage of elderly people over 65 years. The percentage of new immigrants is also very high. Living conditions of grass-roots families in this district remain a social issue.[4]

Mei Foo Sun Chuen in Lai Chi Kok, built in 1968 - 1978, was Hong Kong's first large-scale private housing estate. It comprises eight phases with a total of 99 blocks.[5]

Public HousingEdit

There are 18 public housing estates in the Sham Shui Po District, divided into sub-districts:


The main campus of City University of Hong Kong, was located in Tat Chee Avenue,[6] Sham Shui Po District.[7]


There are four railway lines serving Sham Shui Po District:


People outside Sham Shui Po MTR station.


There are also various bus routes serving the district. Most of them are operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, and some by New World First Bus and Citybus. These three companies also jointly operate some routes, most of these crossing the harbour to the Hong Kong Island.

  • Kowloon Motor Bus: 2, 2A, 2B, 2D, 2E, 2F, 2X, 6, 6C, 6D, 6F, 6X, 12, 12A, 12P, 13P, 18, 30, 30X, 31B, 32, 33, 33A, 33B, 35A, 35X, 36A, 36B, 36X, 37, 38, 38A, 38P, 40, 40A, 40P, 41, 42, 42A, 42C, 43C, 44, 45, 46, 46X, 52X, 58X, 59X, 60X, 61X, 62P, 62X, 63X, 66X, 67X, 68X, 69C, 69X, 72, 81, 86, 86A, 86C, 87B, 87D, 87E, 98C, 98S, 203C, 203S, 214, 214P, 230X, 234C, 234D, 234X, 238X, 240X, 242X, 252X, 258A, 258D, 258P, 258S, 259C, 259D, 265B, 268A, 268C, 269C, 270B, 270D, 272E, 272P, 281A, 286C, 286P, 286X, 290, 290A, 290B, 290X, 296C, 296P, N214, N273, N241, N252, N260, N269, N290, X6C, X42C
  • New World First Bus: 701, 701A, 701S, 702, 702A, 702B, 702S, 795P, 795X, 796C, 796E
  • Citybus: 50, 55, 79X, A20, A21, A26, A26P, A29, A29P, E21, E21A, E21C, E22, E22A, E22C, E22P, E22S, E22X, N21, N21A, N26, N29, NA20, NA29
  • Cross Harbour Tunnel: 102, 102P, 102R, 104, 112, 117, 118, 118P, 171, 171A, 171P, 904, 905, 905A, 905P, 914, 914P, 914X, 936, 936A, 970, 970X, 971, N118, N122, N171, N368, X970

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "2016 Population Census: Summary Results Table A201a Population by District Council District and Year" (in English and Chinese). Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  2. ^ District Profiles, Hong Kong Government, 8 December 2017, retrieved 15 April 2020
  3. ^ Basic Tables for District Council Districts: Hong Kong 2006 By-Census
  4. ^ "Living conditions in city's poorest district getting worse". South China Morning Post. 23 April 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  5. ^ "The birth of Hong Kong's middle class: Mei Foo Sun Chuen, the first private housing estate". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  6. ^ "City University of Hong Kong". City University of Hong Kong. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  7. ^ "District Council Constituency Boundaries - Sham Shui Po District" (PDF). Hong Kong: Electoral Affairs Commission. January 2015. Retrieved 5 April 2019.

External linksEdit