Shakuntala (1943 film)

Shakuntala is a 1943 costume drama film based on the Mahabharat episode of Shakuntala, directed by V. Shantaram.[1] It was the first film made under the newly formed Rajkamal Kalamandir banner that Shantaram had started. It was the first film to be shown commercially in US.[2] Adapted from the Shakuntala of Kalidas the screenplay was by Diwan Sharar. Music was composed by Vasant Desai with lyrics by Diwan Sharar and Ratan Piya.[3] The cinematatography was by V. Avadhoot and the film starred Kumar Ganesh, Jayashree, Chandra Mohan, Ameena, Shantaram, Zohra and Nana Palsikar.[4]

Shakuntala
Shakuntala 1943.jpg
Film Poster of Shakuntala
Directed byV. Shantaram
Produced byV. Shantaram
Written byDiwan Sharar (screenplay)
Based onAbhijñānaśākuntalam
by Kālidāsa
StarringJayshree
Chandra Mohan
V. Shantaram
Ameena
Music byVasant Desai
CinematographyV. Avadhoot
Production
company
Distributed byNational Finance of India, Ltd., Delhi, India
Release date
1943 (1943)
Running time
122 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi

Shakuntala was an adaptation of Kālidāsa's Sanskrit drama Abhijñānaśākuntalam (Of Shakuntala who is recognized by a token) and appreciated "worldwide".[5][6] The film initially sticks to the traditional version of Kalidas in the representation of Shakuntala, but later follows a "transformation" in the form of "empowerment of women" in Shakuntala's role, which is attributed to a critique of the play by Bankim Chatterjee.[7]

PlotEdit

Shakuntala (Jayshree) is the daughter of sage Vishwamitra and Menaka, but is brought up by the sage Kanva, and stays with him in a forest dwelling. She meets King Dushyanta (Chandra Mohan), when he comes there for a hunt. The two fall in love and get married, with Dushyanta staying with her. Soon he has to leave and he promises to come back for her. Before leaving he gives her a ring as a token of their marriage. Shakuntala passes her days waiting for Dushyanta. She is so lost in his thoughts that she doesn’t hear a sage asking for water. He then leaves her with a curse that the one she is thinking about will forget her. She gives birth to a son, Bharata and several years pass without the return of Dushyanta who has lost his memory and has no recollection of Shakuntala. The ring he has given her is lost in the river and swallowed by a fish. Dushyanta turns her away when Shakuntala goes to the court. Later when Dushyanta recovers his memory Shakuntala refuses to go with him but both are finally united.

CastEdit

  • Kumar Ganesh as Bharat
  • Jayashree as Shakuntala
  • Chandra Mohan as King Dushyanta
  • Shantaram as Priyamvad
  • Ameena
  • Madan Mohan
  • Zohra as Menaka
  • Nana Palsikar
  • Vilas
  • Raja Pandit
  • Shantarin
  • Vidya

ReviewEdit

Shakuntala was the first Indian film to be shown in the US.[8] The New York Times of 1947 stated that "Shakuntala has a charm entirely its own". Calling it a "fairy-tale" the reviewer praised the background, and commented on the "unabashed naïveté of acting of the entire cast", and the "crudely rich musical score" but called it "a sturdy screen promise".[2] The film has been cited as a "major hit" and was shown at a theatre in India for continuous 104 weeks.[9]

AwardEdit

The film was nominated for the Grand International Award at the 1947 Venice Film Festival.

SoundtrackEdit

The film was composed by Vasant Desai, who had earlier provided background music in Shantaram’s films. This was Desai's first independent music venture and continued to have a long association with Shantaram's films.[10] The lyricists were Diwan Sharar and Ratan Piya. The singers were Jayashree, Zohrabai Ambalewali, Parshuram and Amirbai Karnataki.[11]

SonglistEdit

# Title Singer Lyricist
1 Jhooloongi Jhooloongi Jeevan Bhar Jayashree Ratan Piya
2 Pyari Pyari Ye Sukhad Maatrubhoomi Apni Jayashree, Zohrabai Ambalewali, Parshuram Ratan Piya
3 Chand Sa Nanha Aaye Jayashree, Zohrabai Ambalewali Ratan Piya
4 Kamal Hai Mere Saamne Jayashree Deewan Sharar
5 Tumhe Prasann Yun Dekh Ke Jayashree, Zohrabai Ambalewali, Parshuram Ratan Piya
6 Ek Prem Ki Pyasi Amirbai Karnataki Ratan Piya
7 Mere Baba Ne Baat Meri Jayashree Ratan Piya
8 Kisi Kanya Ko Vasant Desai Deewan Sharar
9 Jeevan Ki Naav Na Doley Jayashree Deewan Sharar
10 Sukh Bhara Kare Jeevan Amirbai Karnataki Ratan Piya
11 Byah Rachaye Chup Chup Zohrabai Ambalewali Deewan Sharar
12 Na Jaane Kahan Ka Yeh Jaadoo
13 Mere Birah Ki Rain

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Shakuntala (1943)". gomolo.com. Gomolo.com. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Movie Review Shakuntala (1943)". At the Art. The New York Times Company. The New York Times. 26 December 1947. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  3. ^ "Shakuntala (1943)". myswar.com. MySwar.com. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  4. ^ "Shakuntala". citwf.com. Alan Goble. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  5. ^ K. Moti Gokulsing; Wimal Dissanayake (17 April 2013). Routledge Handbook of Indian Cinemas. Routledge. pp. 131–. ISBN 978-1-136-77291-7. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  6. ^ Chandra, Balakrishnan, Pali, Vijay Kumar. "100 Years Of Bollywood-Shakuntala (1943)". indiavideo.org. Invis Multimedia Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  7. ^ Heidi R.M. Pauwels (17 December 2007). Indian Literature and Popular Cinema: Recasting Classics. Routledge. pp. 10–. ISBN 978-1-134-06255-3. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  8. ^ Roy Armes (29 June 1987). Third World Film Making and the West. University of California Press. pp. 113–. ISBN 978-0-520-90801-7. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  9. ^ Tilak Rishi (2012). Bless You Bollywood!: A Tribute to Hindi Cinema on Completing 100 Years. Trafford Publishing. pp. 116–. ISBN 978-1-4669-3963-9. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  10. ^ Ashok Damodar Ranade (1 January 2006). Hindi Film Song: Music Beyond Boundaries. Bibliophile South Asia. pp. 230–. ISBN 978-81-85002-64-4. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  11. ^ "Shakuntala". hindigeetmala.net. Hindi Geetmala. Retrieved 12 February 2015.

External linksEdit