7th Iowa Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
|7th Regiment Iowa Volunteer Cavalry|
Iowa state flag
|Active||April 27, 1863, to June 22, 1866|
|Engagements||American Indian Wars|
The 7th Iowa Cavalry was mustered into Federal service at Davenport, Iowa, for a three-year enlistment between April 27 to July 13, 1863. On September 19, 1863, it was deployed to Omaha en route to the west. In 1864, three companies of the regiments were part of Lieutenant Colonel Samuel M. Pollock's 1st Brigade of Brigadier General Alfred Sully's District of Iowa. In this organization, these companies participated in the Northwestern Indian Expedition, fighting at the Battle of Killdeer Mountain and in the Battle of the Badlands. Units of the regiment were at Camp Rankin on the South Platte in January, 1865 when more than 1,000 plains Indians attacked the fort and stage station at Julesburg during the Sioux Wars following the Sand Creek Massacre. In the Battle of Julesburg, 14 men of the 7th were killed, including 4 non-commissioned officers. Company F of the regiment accompanied Colonel James H. Kidd's column of the Powder River Expedition in 1865 to the Powder and Tongue river valley's in Dakota Territory and Montana Territory.
The regiment was mustered out of Federal service on June 22, 1866.
Total strength and casualtiesEdit
A total of 1420 men served in the 7th Iowa at one time or another during its existence. It suffered 1 officer and 21 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 1 officer and 74 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 97 fatalities.
- Chapter 32, The Indian War of 1864
- http://iagenweb.org/civilwar/books/logan/mil607.htm Iowa Genweb Iowa in the Civil War Project after Logan, Guy E., Roster and Record of Iowa Troops In the Rebellion, Vol. 1
- http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/uniacav.htm#7thcav The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
- Iowa Genweb Iowa in the Civil War Project after Logan, Guy E., Roster and Record of Iowa Troops In the Rebellion, Vol. 1
- The Civil War Archive
- Ware, Eugene, The Indian War of 1864: Being a Fragment of the Early History of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado and Wyoming", Crane & Company (1911) Eugene Ware was the most junior officer in the regiment when on September 19, 1863, it was deployed to Omaha en route to the Indian Wars.
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