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Seventeenth Dynasty of Egypt

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The Seventeenth Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XVII, alternatively 17th Dynasty or Dynasty 17) is classified as the third dynasty of the Second Intermediate Period of Egypt. The 17th Dynasty dates approximately from 1580 to 1550 BC.[1] Its mainly Theban rulers are contemporary with the Hyksos of the Fifteenth Dynasty and succeed the Sixteenth Dynasty, which was also based in Thebes.

Egypt
ca. 1580 BC–ca. 1550 BC
CapitalThebes
Common languagesEgyptian language
Religion
ancient Egyptian religion
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Historical eraBronze Age
• Established
ca. 1580 BC
• Disestablished
ca. 1550 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sixteenth Dynasty of Egypt
Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt

In March 2012, French archeologists examining a limestone door in the Precinct of Amun-Re at Karnak discovered hieroglyphs with the name Senakhtenre, the first evidence of this king dating to his lifetime.[2]

The last two kings of the dynasty opposed the Hyksos rule over Egypt and initiated a war that would rid Egypt of the Hyksos kings and began a period of unified rule, the New Kingdom of Egypt.

Kamose, the second son of Seqenenre Tao and last king of the Seventeenth Dynasty, was the brother of Ahmose I, the first king of the Eighteenth Dynasty.

Pharaohs of the 17th DynastyEdit

The Pharaohs of the 17th Dynasty ruled for approximately 30 years. Known rulers of the 17th Dynasty are as follows:[1]

Dynasty XVII pharaohs
Pharaoh Image Throne Name / Prenomen Reign Burial Consort(s) Comments
Rahotep Sekhemre-wahkhaw c. 1585 BC
Sobekemsaf I   Sekhemre-wadjkhaw 7 years Nubemhat
Sobekemsaf II   Sekhemre-shedtawy Robbed during the reign of Ramesses IX Nubkhaes
Intef V   Sekhemre-wepmaat Dra' Abu el-Naga'?
Intef VI   Nubkheperre Dra' Abu el-Naga' Sobekemsaf
Intef VII Sekhemre-heruhermaat Haankhes
Ahmose   Senakhtenre 1 year Tetisheri
Tao Seqenenre c. 1560 (4 years) Ahmose Inhapy
Sitdjehuti
Ahhotep I
Died in battle against the Hyskos
Kamose   Wadjkheperre 1555 to 1550 BC (5 years) Ahhotep II?

Finally, king Nebmaatre may have been a ruler of the early 17th Dynasty.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Shaw, Ian, ed. (2000). The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. p. 481. ISBN 0-19-815034-2.
  2. ^ "A Pharaoh of the Seventeenth dynasty identified at Karnak". CFEETK – Centre Franco-Égyptien d'Étude des Temples de Karnak. Archived from the original on 2012-03-11.
  3. ^ K. S. B. Ryholt, Adam Bülow-Jacobse, The political situation in Egypt during the second intermediate period, c. 1800-1550 B.C., pp 168, 170, 171, 179, 204, 400

External linksEdit



Preceded by
16th Dynasty
Dynasty of Egypt
1585 − 1550 BC
Succeeded by
18th Dynasty