Seth Carlo Chandler
Seth Carlo Chandler
|Born||September 16, 1846|
|Died||December 31, 1913 (aged 67)|
|Known for||Chandler wobble|
|Awards||Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1896 |
James Craig Watson Medal in 1894
|Influences||Benjamin A. Gould|
He was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Seth Carlo and Mary (née Cheever) Chandler. During his last year in high school he performed mathematical computations for Benjamin Peirce, of the Harvard College Observatory.
After graduating, he became the assistant of Benjamin A. Gould. Gould was director of the Longitude Department of the U.S. Coast Survey program, a geodetic survey program. When Gould left to become director of the national observatory in Argentina, Chandler also left and became an actuary. However, he continued to work in astronomy as an amateur affiliated with Harvard College Observatory.
Chandler also made contributions to other areas of astronomy, including variable stars. He independently co-discovered the nova T Coronae Borealis, improved the estimate of the constant of aberration, and computed the orbital parameters of asteroids and comets.
- Carter, W. E. (2000). "Chandler, Seth Carlo, Jr. (1846-1913), astronomer, geodesist, and actuary". American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.1300268.
- Hockey, Thomas (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- Carter, W. E. (1987). "Seth Carlo Chandler, Jr.: Discoveries in polar motion". Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union. American Geophysical Union (AGU). 68 (25): 593. doi:10.1029/eo068i025p00593-02. ISSN 0096-3941.
- "Latitude, How American Astronomers Solved the Mystery of Variation" by Bill Carter and Merri Sue Carter, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD., 2002.
- Carter, W. E.; Carter, M. S. (1913-12-31). "SETH CARLO CHANDLER, JR. 1846—1913. A Biographical Memoir". The National Academies Press. doi:10.17226/4961. Retrieved 2021-06-28.