Seth Carlo Chandler

Seth Carlo Chandler, Jr. (September 16, 1846 – December 31, 1913) was an American astronomer, geodesist, and actuary.[1]

Seth Carlo Chandler
Seth Carlo Chandler.png
BornSeptember 16, 1846
DiedDecember 31, 1913 (aged 67)
NationalityUnited States
Known forChandler wobble
AwardsGold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1896
James Craig Watson Medal in 1894
Scientific career
Fieldsastronomy
InfluencesBenjamin A. Gould

He was born in Boston, Massachusetts to Seth Carlo and Mary (née Cheever) Chandler.[2] During his last year in high school he performed mathematical computations for Benjamin Peirce, of the Harvard College Observatory.

After graduating, he became the assistant of Benjamin A. Gould. Gould was director of the Longitude Department of the U.S. Coast Survey program, a geodetic survey program. When Gould left to become director of the national observatory in Argentina, Chandler also left and became an actuary. However, he continued to work in astronomy as an amateur affiliated with Harvard College Observatory.

Chandler is best remembered for his research on what is today known as the Chandler wobble. His research on polar motion spanned nearly three decades.[3]

Chandler also made contributions to other areas of astronomy, including variable stars. He independently co-discovered the nova T Coronae Borealis, improved the estimate of the constant of aberration, and computed the orbital parameters of asteroids and comets.

Chandler was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1896 and the James Craig Watson Medal in 1894.

The crater Chandler on the Moon is named after him.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Carter, W. E. (2000). "Chandler, Seth Carlo, Jr. (1846-1913), astronomer, geodesist, and actuary". American National Biography Online. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.1300268.
  2. ^ Hockey, Thomas (2009). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
  3. ^ Carter, W. E. (1987). "Seth Carlo Chandler, Jr.: Discoveries in polar motion". Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union. American Geophysical Union (AGU). 68 (25): 593. doi:10.1029/eo068i025p00593-02. ISSN 0096-3941.

BibliographyEdit