Sergey Reformatsky

Sergey Nikolaevich Reformatsky (Russian: Серге́й Никола́евич Реформа́тский) (April 1, 1860 – July 28, 1934) was a Russian chemist.

Sergey Nikolaevich Reformatsky
BornApril 1, 1860
Borisoglebskoe,[1] near Ivanovo, Russian Empire
DiedJuly 28, 1934(1934-07-28) (aged 74)
NationalityRussian
Alma materUniversity of Kazan
Known forReformatskii reaction
Scientific career
FieldsChemist
InstitutionsUniversity of Kiev
Doctoral advisorAlexander Mikhailovich Zaitsev,
Wilhelm Ostwald

LifeEdit

He was born as a son of a preacher in Borisoglebskoe, near Ivanovo. He studied at the University of Kazan under Alexander Mikhailovich Zaitsev until 1882. He went to Germany for further studies. He joined Victor Meyer at the University of Heidelberg and Wilhelm Ostwald at the University of Leipzig and finally getting his Ph.D in 1891. The following year he was appointed professor at the University of Kiev where he stayed the rest of his life.

WorkEdit

In 1887 discovered the Reformatsky reaction, during which a zinc organic compound is the key component. The use of zinc in organic reactions was common at that time, but it was subsequently replaced by the more convenient magnesium. This was not possible for the reaction of α-chloro acids with ketones, because the magnesium based Grignard reagents are more reactive and lead to other products. This made the Reformatsky reaction a convenient way for the synthesis of β-hydroxy acids which were difficult to obtain with other methods.

ReferencesEdit

Hofmann, K. A. (1935). "Sergeius Reformatsky". Berichte der Chemischen Gesellschaft. A (5): 61. doi:10.1002/cber.19350680558.