Sergey Martinson

Sergey Alexandrovich Martinson (Russian: Серге́й Александрович Мартинсон; 7 February [O.S. 25 January] 1899 – 2 September 1984) was a Russian eccentric comic actor, the master of pantomime, buffoonery and grotesque. He became People's Artist of the RSFSR in 1964.[1]

Sergey Martinson
Sergei Martinson 1938.JPG
Born
Sergey Alexandrovich Martinson

7 February [O.S. 25 January] 1899
Died2 September 1984(1984-09-02) (aged 85)
OccupationActor
Years active1923—1984

Sergey Alexandrovich Martinson was born in Saint Petersburg in the family of Swedish descent. His parents adored theater and took their son to many performances. As a schoolboy, Sergey played in a theatrical studio.

After one year of education in the Technological institute, he decided to become a professional actor. At the entrance exams he read Boris Godunov's monologue from Pushkin's play. The exam board roared with laughter, but refused to accept him. He later joined the theatrical institute from a second attempt.[2]

Martinson worked in several theaters. In 1924–1941 he played in the Theatre of the Revolution. In 1925–1926, 1929–1933, 1937–1938 he was the leading actor of Vsevolod Meyerhold's theatre. He was cast by Meyerhold in the plays The Government Inspector, Mandate and others. From 1933 to 1936 he worked in the music hall. From 1945 until his death Martinson was a film actor.

He was mainly a comic actor and seldom appeared in dramatic roles. One of these was the role of Karandyshev in Alexander Ostrovsky's play Without a Dowry, staged by Yury Zavadsky. Martinson's career in film started in 1924, when he played his first role of evil genie "Coolidge Curzon Poincare" in the film The Adventures of Oktyabrina.[3]

Martinson was the first in the Soviet cinema to play Hitler in the Sergei Yutkevich film The New Adventures of Soldier Švejk. Actor told, that Hitler, after seeing himself on the screen, included him into his personal black list and promised to hang Martinson on the first lamppost. After the role of composer Kerosinov in the movie Anton Ivanovich is Angry glory literally followed on Martinsons heels – the boys in the courtyard hooted after him: Benzin-kerosene goes!.

One of his latest roles was the role of Mr. Frankland in the adaptation of Arthur Conan Doyle's novel The Hound of the Baskervilles.

He married his first wife, Ekaterina Il'inichna Ilyina (born: 1900, St Petersburg, Russia, died: 1985, New York, USA), a beautiful actress, in 1927, whom he met during his acting studies; their daughter, Anna, later a successful artist and costume designer, was born in 1928 (died New York, 2012). Although they had never officially divorced, he married his second wife, dancer Lola Dobrohotova, who was later exiled by the government for alleged connections to "foreign elements" and died in exile; they had a son, Alexander (1939-2001). His third wife, Luisa (born: Ukraine, 1929, died: 2018, USA) was a woman 30 years junior to Martinson. They had a daughter, Natasha (born 1956) and divorced several years later.

Selected filmographyEdit

  • The Adventures of Oktyabrina (1924, Short)
  • The Devil's Wheel (1926)
  • Little Brother (1927, Short)
  • Две встречи (1932) - Col. Belov
  • The Deserter (1933)
  • Marionettes (1934) - Sol - The Hairdresser
  • Revolt of the Fishermen (Восстание рыбаков) (1934) - Herr Bredel, fishing magnate
  • Loss of Sensation (1935) - Dizer
  • Ревизор (1936)
  • Рыцари гусиного пера (1936)
  • Приключения Петрушки (Петрушка-иностранец) (1936)
  • Друзья из табора (1938) - Golovin
  • The Oppenheim Family (1939) - Gutwetter, poet
  • The Golden Key (Золотой ключик) (1939) - Duremar, village knave
  • Stepan Razin (Степан Разин) (1939) - Fedor Shpyn
  • Дезертир (1939)
  • Ветер с востока (1940) - Stefan
  • Антон Иванович сердится (1941) - Kerosinov
  • Boyevoy kinosbornik 6 (1941) - Nazi pilot (segment 'Nenavist')
  • Boyevoy kinosbornik 7 (1941) - Adolf Hitler (segment "Samyy khrabryy")
  • Волшебное зерно (1942)
  • Boyevoy kinosbornik 11 (1942) - Friedrich Gopp (segment "The Career of Lt. Gopp")
  • Schweik gotovitsya k boyu (1942) - German officer / dummy
  • Карьера лейтенанта Гоппа (1942)
  • Юные партизаны (1942)
  • Lermontov (Лермонтов) (1943) - Baron de Brabant / Stepan Stepanovich
  • Uchitelnitsa Kartashova (1943) - German soldier
  • Новые похождения Швейка (Солдатская сказка) (1943) - Adolf Hitler
  • The Wedding (1944) - Yat - telegraph operator
  • Silva (1944) - Boni
  • We from the Urals (1944)
  • Secret Agent (Подвиг разведчика) (1947) - Willi Pommer
  • The Third Blow (Южный узел) (1948) - Adolf Hitler
  • Erkrord karavan (1950)
  • The Unforgettable Year 1919 (1951) - Sluzhashchiy ministerstva
  • Przhevalsky (Пржевальский) (1952) - Shatilo - Professor
  • Sadko (1953) - The Monk
  • Attack from the Sea (1953) - King Ferdinand
  • Сеанс гипноза (1953)
  • Безумный день (1956) - Miusov
  • Ilya Muromets (1956) - Mishatychka
  • The Snow Queen (1957) - Karraks (voice)
  • The Idiot (Идиот ("Настасья Филипповна") (1958) - Lebedev
  • V nashem gorode (1959)
  • Черноморочка (1959) - Vitaliy Omelskiy
  • Произведение искусства (1959)
  • The Adventures of Buratino (1960) - Medicine Man Mantis (uncredited)
  • Spasite nashi dushi (1960) - Norton Masefield
  • Chelovechka narisoval ya (1960) - (voice)
  • Спасите наши души (1960)
  • Scarlet Sails (Алые паруса) (1961) - Filipp
  • Volnyy veter (1961) - Kabatchik
  • The Night Before Christmas (Вечера на хуторе близ Диканьки) (1961) - Osip, the Sacristan
  • Wind of Freedom (Вольный ветер) (1961) - Kabatchik
  • Klyuch (1961) - (voice)
  • Funny Stories (1962) - Dyadya s sobyakoy
  • The Wild Swans (1962) - The Monk (voice)
  • Веселые истории (1962)
  • Знакомый адрес (1963)
  • Jalgrattataltsutajad (1964) - Staryj gonshchik
  • Укротители велосипедов (1964)
  • Tale about the Boy-Kibalchish (Сказка о Мальчише-Кибальчише) (1964)
  • A Tale of Lost Times (1964) - Older Prokofi Prokofyevich
  • Москва-Генуя (1964) - Louis Barthou
  • Тридцать три (1965) - Valentin Petrovich, otets Rozochka
  • Rats ginakhavs, vegar nakhav (1965) - Prince Boris
  • Skazka o Malchishe-Kibalchishe (1965) - Uncle 518
  • Спящий лев (1965)
  • Иные нынче времена (1966)
  • The Dream of a Ridiculous Man (Дядюшкин сон) (1966)
  • The Tale of Tsar Saltan (1967) - opekun Saltana
  • Калиф-аист (1968, TV Movie)
  • Улыбнись соседу (1968)
  • 13 porucheniy (1969)
  • Ulybnis sosedu (1969)
  • The Beautiful Girl (1969) - Lonely Old Man
  • Время счастливых находок (1969)
  • В тридевятом царстве (1970)
  • Ruslan and Lyudmila (Руслан и Людмила) (1972) - Ambassador
  • Летние сны (1972) - Chief accountant
  • Maugli (1973) - Tabaqui (voice)
  • Города и годы (1974) - Percy
  • Большой аттракцион (1974) - ded Matvey
  • Pro drakona na balkone, pro rebyat i samokat (1976)
  • Armed and Dangerous (1978)
  • Ярославна, королева Франции (1978)
  • The New Adventures of Captain Wrongel (1978) - Sir Want
  • The Hound of the Baskervilles (Приключения Шерлока Холмса и доктора Ватсона. Собака Баскервилей) (1981, TV Mini-Series) - Mr. Frankland
  • И жизнь, и слезы, и любовь... (1984) - Yegoshkin (final film role)

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit