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Serbians (Serbian: Србијанци / Srbijanci) is a demonym for the inhabitants of Serbia, most often used for the country's ethnic Serbs, though correctly[clarification needed] used for citizens regardless of ethnicity. In Serbian, Srbijanci is used for Serbs from Serbia, or in a narrow sense, Serbs from Central Serbia.[1] The term thus excludes ethnic Serbs in the neighboring countries, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and North Macedonia, for which the term Srbin (pl.Srbi) is used.[citation needed] In English, there has been confusion[clarification needed] over the usage between the two, with the term "Serbians" sometimes erroneously[citation needed] applied to ethnic Serbs outside Serbia (such as "Bosnian Serbians" for Bosnian Serbs). Likewise, the term "Serbs" has been erroneously applied to citizens of Serbia regardless of their ethnicity.[2][3]

The term Srbijanci has been considered offensive by some, as it is mostly used in Croatia and province of Vojvodina.[4][5][6] It has been noted that this type of demonym is only present in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia (notably, as opposed to neighbouring Albania and Croatia) — French people are French, whether living in France or in the diaspora, whether ethnic French or not, Italian people are Italian, etc.[7]

In the 1852 Serbian Dictionary, the entry includes the following:

Srbijanac – čovek iz Srbije (man from Serbia); Srbijanski – koji je iz Srbije (which is from Serbia)

A popular Serbian folk song has the refrain " ...jelek (vest), anterija (short vest), and opanci (traditional moccasins), is how you recognize a Srbijanac (Serbian)...", describing the Serbian folk costume.[8]

Variant terms like Old Serbians (Serbian: Старосрбијанци / Starosrbijanci) and Southern Serbians (Serbian: Јужносрбијанци / Južnosrbijanci) were used as designations for populations from historical regions of Old Serbia, and Vardar Macedonia respectively.[9]

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See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Miller, Nick (2008). The Nonconformists: Culture, Politics, and Nationalism in a Serbian Intellectual Circle, 1944-1991. Central European University Press. p. 148.
  2. ^ Uzelak, Gordona (1998). "Franjo Tudjman's Nationalist Ideology." East European Quarterly. 31.
  3. ^ Petrovich, Michael B. (1985). "Review of The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics." Slavic Review. 4 (2), 369–370
  4. ^ Nikola Živković. "Vojvodina? Gde je to?" (in Serbian). Nova srpska politička misao. Archived from the original on 2012-05-20. Retrieved 2012-07-08. Ovim nije kraj naših podela. Pored reč «dođoši», postoji i pojam «prečani» i «Srbijanci». A kako se zovu Hrvati iz Bosne? Hrvatijanci? Ne, ta reč je naravno moja, veštačka, izmišljena. Ali, zasto[ ta pojava postoji samo kod Srba? Srbi i Srbijanci. Austrougarska je izmislila te podele, a mi Srbi smo ih prihvatili. U tome je problem. Mi prihvatamo jezik neprijatelja. Tuđe olako uzimamo, a odričemo se svoga. Tako smo olako odbacili i ćirilicu.
  5. ^ Nikola Tanasić (2012-07-20). "O Srbima, Srbijancima i srbijančenju Srba" (in Serbian). Nova srpska politička misao. Retrieved 2012-07-08. O upotrebi pojma „Srbijanac“ [...] Međutim, unutar današnjih granica Srbije, „Srbijanci“ se uglavnom koriste na severu, kako bi se (uglavnom pežorativno i prezrivo) denotirali „gedžovani“, primitivci i sirotinja sa juga koja odudara od „zapadnoevropskih“ manira, običaja i „kulture“ tzv. „Vojvođana“. Očigledno je da ova upotreba, međutim, nastaje kasnije i nema veze sa onim „Srbijancima“ o kojima svedoče Vuk Karadžić i Branko Radičević.
  6. ^ V., M. (2013-04-25). "Nigde u Evropi ne postoje "Francužani" ili "Hrvaćani", kao što postoje Srbijanci i Bosanci". Blic.
  7. ^ "Srbin, Srbijanac i Bosanac". B92.
  8. ^ "Јелек, антерија..." (in Serbian). Srpski kod. 2011.
  9. ^ Daskalov & Marinov 2013, p. 275, 324.

LiteratureEdit

External linksEdit

  The dictionary definition of Serbians at Wiktionary   Media related to People of Serbia at Wikimedia Commons