Senior colonel

Senior colonel is an army officer rank placed between a regular colonel and a brigadier general.[1]

In Nazi Germany, a rank equivalent to senior colonel, Oberführer, was used by both the SA and SS.[2][3] In the branches of the Allgemeine SS (General SS) and Waffen-SS (Armed SS) the rank of Oberführer was widely used.[4][5] The rank did not exist in the army (Heer), although the Kriegsmarine (navy) maintained the equivalent rank of Kommodore.

After World War II, armies in Asia, especially in the Communist sphere began establishing senior colonel ranks of their own. Today, the rank of senior colonel may be found in the militaries of China (Daxiao ( 大校)), North Korea (Taejwa (대좌)) and Vietnam (Đại tá).

Most western militaries tend to equate a senior colonel as being on the level of a "brigadier general";[1] however, this is not necessarily so. Nations which maintain senior colonel ranks may also have five general ranks (most such nations also having the rank of colonel general). A senior colonel is also not befitted honors of a general or flag officer. It is simply seen as the highest field officer rank before the general grades. In this sense, the rank is seen as comparable to the rank of brigadier in the British Army[6] and some other Commonwealth armies, similarly a senior field rank.

A similar title to senior colonel is that of senior captain, also used in most Communist countries. However, it may also be found in some western militaries as a staff rank appointed to a regular captain.

The term senior colonel is also used informally and unofficially in the U.S. military for colonels who have either been selected for promotion to brigadier general but not actually promoted yet, or for veteran colonels who are particularly experienced and influential. The Argentine Army makes a similar use of the term, though in this case it is an official distinction (Coronel Mayor) with its own rank insignia (a single red-trimmed golden sun instead of the three golden suns of a regular colonel). In the Portuguese Army, a colonel selected but still waiting for promotion to a general officer rank is officially designated coronel tirocinado (literally meaning "practiced colonel" in Portuguese), having a proper rank insignia (the rank stripes of colonel added with a general rank silver star). Between 1929 and 1937 the coronel tirocinado were called a brigadeiro, using the badge currently in use.

The naval equivalent for a senior colonel is the non-flag commodore or fleet captain, although it is sometimes referred to as a senior captain.

Senior colonel's insigniaEdit

See alsoEdit



  1. ^ a b Weale 2012, p. 414.
  2. ^ McNab 2009b, p. 15.
  3. ^ Flaherty 2004, p. 148.
  4. ^ Stein 2002, pp. 297, 298–Appendix.
  5. ^ Miller 2006, p. 521.
  6. ^ McNab 2009, p. 186.
  7. ^ "Grados". (in Spanish). Government of Argentina. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  8. ^ "LOI N° 037-2016/AN PORTANT CONDITIONS D'AVANCEMENT DES PERSONNELS D'ACTIVE DES FORCES ARMEES NATIONALES" (PDF) (in French). 2015. pp. 17–21. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  9. ^ Ping, Xu (7 August 2017). "我军建军九十年军衔制度沿革" [The evolution of our military rank system over the ninety years of its establishment]. (in Chinese). Ministry of National Defense. Archived from the original on 28 December 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Grados militares". (in Spanish). Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (Cuba). Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  11. ^ "GRADES / APPELLATIONS / DISTINCTIONS". (in French). Ministère de la Défense. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  12. ^ "2011 - Plaquette sur les insignes et blasons des Forces Armées du Mali" (in French). 23 April 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  13. ^ "POSTOS E DISTINTIVOS EXÉRCITO". (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Quy định quân hiệu, cấp hiệu, phù hiệu và lễ phục của Quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam". Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). 26 August 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2021.


  • Flaherty, T. H. (2004) [1988]. The Third Reich: The SS. Time-Life Books, Inc. ISBN 1-84447-073-3.
  • McNab, Chris (2009). The SS: 1923–1945. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-49-5.
  • McNab, Chris (2009b). The Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1-906626-51-8.
  • Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 93-297-0037-3.
  • Stein, George H. (2002) [1966]. The Waffen-SS: Hitler's Elite Guard at War 1939–1945. Cerberus Publishing. ISBN 978-1841451008.
  • Weale, Adrian (2012). Army of Evil: A History of the SS. New York: Caliber Printing. ISBN 978-0-451-23791-0.