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Sengottai is a municipality in the Tirunelveli district, of Tamil Nadu, India. Spread over an area of 2.68 square kilometers with a population of over 26,823, the economy of the town revolves around the cultivation of rice.[1]

Sengottai

Shencottah செங்கோட்டை ചെങ്കോട്ട
Town
13 kannara bridge near shencottah
13 kannara bridge near shencottah
Sengottai is located in Tamil Nadu
Sengottai
Sengottai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°58′24″N 77°14′47″E / 8.973333°N 77.246389°E / 8.973333; 77.246389Coordinates: 8°58′24″N 77°14′47″E / 8.973333°N 77.246389°E / 8.973333; 77.246389
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictTirunelveli
Government
 • TypeSecond Grade Municipality
 • BodySengottai Municipality
 • Municipal Chairman"Vacant"
Elevation
181 m (594 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total26,823
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
627809
Telephone code04633
Vehicle registrationTN-76
Sex ratio1003 /
Websitewww.municipality.tn.go.in/Sengottai

Contents

HistoryEdit

Sengottai was originally part of the Travancore Kingdom. In December 1851, the boundary between Tirunelveli and Travancore on the Sengottai side was clearly defined as proposed by General Cullen as early as 1846, and finally sanctioned by the Madras Government. Sengottai Municipality was constituted in 1921. In 1949, Sengottai was part of the newly formed state of Travancore-Cochin. The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 came into effect from 1 November 1956, and consequently, the Tamil-speaking area of Sengottai taluk of Quilon district were transferred from Travancore-Cochin to Madras State.[2] Sengottai was reclassified from a Grade III municipality to a Grade II municipality as per G.O. No.85 dated 22 May 1998.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
76.98%
Muslim
21.19%
Christian
1.77%
Other
0.06%

According to 2011 census, Sengottai had a population of 26,823 with a sex-ratio of 1,035 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[4] A total of 2,642 were under the age of six, constituting 1,327 males and 1,315 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 10.06% and 1.21% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 78.09%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The town had a total of : 7146 households. There were a total of 10,736 workers, comprising 114 cultivators, 674 main agricultural labourers, 1,923 in house hold industries, 7,435 other workers, 590 marginal workers, 14 marginal cultivators, 60 marginal agricultural labourers, 105 marginal workers in household industries and 411 other marginal workers.[5]

As per the religious census of 2011, Shenkottai had 76.98% Hindus, 21.19% Muslims, 1.77% Christians and 0.06% following other religions.[6]

Geography and ClimateEdit

Climate data for Sengottai, Tamil Nadu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
31.1
(88.0)
32.7
(90.9)
33.0
(91.4)
33.1
(91.6)
31.5
(88.7)
30.6
(87.1)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
30.5
(86.9)
29.2
(84.6)
29.1
(84.4)
31.1
(87.9)
Average low °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
22.2
(72.0)
23.6
(74.5)
24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
24.5
(76.1)
24.0
(75.2)
24.0
(75.2)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
22.8
(73.0)
21.8
(71.2)
23.5
(74.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43
(1.7)
37
(1.5)
68
(2.7)
106
(4.2)
92
(3.6)
150
(5.9)
134
(5.3)
66
(2.6)
73
(2.9)
226
(8.9)
219
(8.6)
98
(3.9)
1,312
(51.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sengottai Municipality". Municipality. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
  2. ^ "History". oneindia. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
  3. ^ "Sengottai". Department Of Municipal Administration And Water Supply. Archived from the original on 2014-04-06. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
  4. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Shenkottai". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  6. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  7. ^ "CLIMATE: SHENCOTTAI, Tamil Nadu", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].

External linksEdit