Senegalia (from Senegal and Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.)[2] is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. It belongs to the Mimosoid clade. Until 2005, its species were considered members of Acacia.[3][4] The genus was considered polyphyletic and required further division, [4][5] with the genera Parasenegalia and Pseudosenegalia accepted soon after. Senegalia can be distinguished from other acacias by its spicate inflorescences and non-spinescent stipules.[6] Plants in the genus are native to the tropical and subtropical areas of the world, occurring on the Australian, Asian, African and South and North American continents, as well as in Wallacea.[7]

Acacia senegal - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-004.jpg
Senegalia senegal
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Clade: Mimosoideae
Tribe: Acacieae
Genus: Senegalia
Raf. 1838
Type species
Senegalia senegal
(L.) Britton & P. Wilson
Sections and species-groups[1]
  • Section Senegalia
  • Section Monacanthea
    • Caesia species-group
    • Hainanensis species-group
    • Rugata species-group
    • Pennata species-group
    • Teniana species-group
World map showing distribution of Senegalia throughout the tropics
The range of the genus Senegalia
  • Acacia subgen. Aculeiferum Vassal sect. Aculeiferum Pedley
  • Austroacacia Mill.
  • Dugandia Britton & Killip 1936
  • Manganaroa Speg. 1921

Species listEdit

Senegalia comprises the following 222 species, as of February 2021:[7]

Reassigned taxaEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Maslin BR; Seigler DS; Ebinger J. (2013). "New combinations in Senegalia and Vachellia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) for Southeast Asia and China". Blumea. 58 (1): 39–44. doi:10.3767/000651913X669914.
  2. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). R - Z. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 2458. ISBN 9780849326783.
  3. ^ Seigler DS; Ebinger JE; Miller JT. (2006). "The genus Senegalia (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) from the New World". Phytologia. 88 (1): 38–93. doi:10.5962/bhl.part.17845.
  4. ^ a b Kyalangalilwa B; Boatwright JS; Daru BH; Maurin O; van der Bank M. (2013). "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia". Bot J Linn Soc. 172 (4): 500–523. doi:10.1111/boj.12047.
  5. ^ Miller JT; Seigler D. (2012). "Evolutionary and taxonomic relationships of Acacia s.l. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae)". Aust Syst Bot. 25 (3): 217–224. doi:10.1071/SB11042.
  6. ^ Dyer C. (2014). "New names for the African Acacia species in Vachellia and Senegalia". Southern Forests: A Journal of Forest Science. 76 (4): iii. doi:10.2989/20702620.2014.980090.
  7. ^ a b "Senegalia Raf". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 27 February 2021.