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Semerwater is the second largest natural lake in North Yorkshire, England, after Malham Tarn. It is half a mile (800 m) long, covers 100 acres (0.40 km2) and lies in Raydale, opposite England's shortest river the River Bain. A private pay and display parking area is at the foot of the lake.

Semer Water - - 556631.jpg
LocationYorkshire Dales, England
Coordinates54°16′50″N 2°7′30″W / 54.28056°N 2.12500°W / 54.28056; -2.12500Coordinates: 54°16′50″N 2°7′30″W / 54.28056°N 2.12500°W / 54.28056; -2.12500
Basin countriesUnited Kingdom
Max. length880 yards (800 m)
Surface area71 acres (28.6 ha)[1]
Shore length11.4 miles (2.3 km)
Surface elevation807 feet (246 m)
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.

Semerwater attracts canoers, windsurfers, yachtsmen and fishermen. There are three small settlements nearby:

Semerwater was the subject of a number of sketches and paintings by the artist J M W Turner.[2]

Semerwater is a pleonastic place name. The name, first recorded in 1153, derives from the Old English elements 'lake', mere 'lake' and water.[3] The form "Lake Semerwater" introduces a fourth element with the same meaning.

The lake is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, first notified in 1975.[4]

The LegendEdit

According to an old legend, Semerwater was once occupied by a prosperous city. One night an old man (or in some versions, an angel in disguise) came down to the city, in search of food and drink. He went from door to door, and at each house he was turned away. Finally, he came to the hovel of a poor couple just outside the town; the couple took him in and treated him with great kindness.

When the stranger was about to leave, he turned to face the town and uttered the curse:

"Semerwater rise, and Semerwater sink, And swallow the town all save this house, Where they gave me food and drink."

An alternative version as told by locals;

"Semerwater rise, Semerwater sink, drown all the people In the village except for this house which gave me meat". And as soon as this was said, the waters of the lake rose up and flooded the village, drowning the proud inhabitants and leaving only the hovel of the poor couple on the hillside unscathed.[5]

The legend was the subject of a poem, The Ballad of Semerwater, by Sir William Watson.[6]

Popular cultureEdit

Semerwater was featured in the British television series All Creatures Great and Small, in the episode "Female of the Species".[7]


  1. ^ "Semerwater". British Waters. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
  2. ^ Tate website
  3. ^ Watts, Victor, ed. (2010), "Semer Water", The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Cambridge University Press
  4. ^ Natural England: SSSI citation
  5. ^ The Legend of Semerwater
  6. ^ The Ballad of Semerwater
  7. ^ "Semer Water, N Yorks, UK – All Creatures Great & Small, The Female Of The Species (1988)" -

External linksEdit