Sellero (Camunian: Hèler; locally Hèlar) is a comune of 1,503 people in the province of Brescia (far 83 km from Brescia) in the middle Val Camonica.

Sellero
Hèlar
Comune di Sellero
Sellero's panorama
Sellero's panorama
Coat of arms of Sellero
Location of Sellero
Sellero is located in Italy
Sellero
Sellero
Location of Sellero in Italy
Sellero is located in Lombardy
Sellero
Sellero
Sellero (Lombardy)
Coordinates: 46°3′21″N 10°20′52″E / 46.05583°N 10.34778°E / 46.05583; 10.34778Coordinates: 46°3′21″N 10°20′52″E / 46.05583°N 10.34778°E / 46.05583; 10.34778
CountryItaly
RegionLombardy
ProvinceBrescia (BS)
FrazioniNovelle
Government
 • MayorEzio Bartolomeo Laini
Area
 • Total13.9 km2 (5.4 sq mi)
Elevation
376 m (1,234 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total1,501
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Selleresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
25050
Dialing code0364
Patron saintSanta Maria Assunta and San Desiderio
Saint dayAugust 15 and May 15
WebsiteOfficial website

In its territory there are thousands of rock engravings, including the "Rosa camuna" in Carpene (which is the symbol of Lombardy region). In the commune's territory there are also examples of energy excellence, such as the San Fiorano's underground hydroelectric power (in Scianica) and a biomass tele-heating power.

The commune consists of the settlements of Sellero (the most important of the commune) and the frazione of Novelle. Another settlement is Scianica, situated in the valley floor and developed in the 1970s and 1980s.

GeographyEdit

 
Location of Sellero in Val Camonica

The commune is situated in the middle Val Camonica, on the right bank of the river Oglio. Neighbouring communes are Berzo Demo, Capo di Ponte, Cedegolo and Paisco Loveno. The highest point is Monte Elto, which is 2,145 metres high.

HistoryEdit

There are traces of Camunnic settlements around Sellero, dating back to the Bronze Age. During the Roman era, the area was sparsely populated. It was repopulated during the Middle Ages. Recently, from 1927 to 1948 the commune joined with Cedegolo, a neighbouring commune.

Population trends, 1861–2001Edit

Year Population
1861 795
1871 833
1881 907
1901 902
1911 1,054
1921 1,125
1931 1,202
1936 1,206
1951 1,481
1961 1,548
1971 1,559
1981 1,561
1991 1,508
2001 1,475
2011 1,501

Source: ISTAT

Interesting placesEdit

 
Sellero with its church and townhall

The two churches of the town, the parish church (Saint Mary) and the ancient church (Saint Desiderio) present some interesting artistic works.

The parish church, finished in 1785, presents an interesting altar in Sicily's and Verona's marble and a portal in Vezza d'Oglio's marble. Also the ancient church, erected by Frankish, can be visited and presents some Pietro di Cemmo's frescos.

Near the frazione of Novelle there are the Carona's mines, which can be visited with equipment for speleology.

EconomyEdit

Sellero, from 1950 to 1980, was an important industrial town in Valle Camonica, thank to the Scianica's little plain.

The first activity started in 1907 when the Curletti company began the utilization of Carona's mine for the sulphur's mining, and finished in 1951.

With the mines' utilization some people founded the SEFE (Società Esercizio Forni Elettrici, in English Society for the management of electric furnaces) which built three furnaces for the calcium carbide's production.

Now the first activity is an iron factory, Riva Acciaio (Riva Iron).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ ISTAT