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Selina Chow Liang Shuk-yee, GBS, JP (Chinese: 周梁淑怡; born 25 January 1945) is a former Hong Kong television executive and politician. She was the former member of the Executive and Legislative Council and the former vice-chairwoman and chairwoman of the Liberal Party.

Selina Chow Liang Shuk-yee
GBS, JP
周梁淑怡
Selina Chow.jpg
Selina Chow in 2008
Chairwoman of the Liberal Party
In office
15 December 2012 – 1 December 2014
LeaderJames Tien
Preceded byVincent Fang (acting)
Succeeded byFelix Chung
Non-official Member of the Executive Council
In office
1991–1992
Appointed bySir David Wilson
In office
22 September 2003 – 19 September 2008
Appointed byTung Chee-hwa
Donald Tsang
Preceded byJames Tien
Member of the Legislative Council
In office
1 September 1981 – 31 July 1995
Appointed bySir Murray MacLehose
Sir Edward Youde
Sir David Wilson
In office
11 October 1995 – 30 September 2004
Preceded byNew constituency
Succeeded byVincent Fang
ConstituencyWholesale and Retail
In office
1 October 2004 – 30 September 2008
Preceded byNew seat
Succeeded byWong Kwok-hing
ConstituencyNew Territories West
Chairwoman of the Hong Kong Tourism Board
In office
1 April 2000 – 1 April 2007
Preceded byLo Yuk-sui
Succeeded byJames Tien
Personal details
BornLiang Shuk-yee
(1945-01-25) 25 January 1945 (age 73)
Hong Kong
NationalityHong Kong Chinese
Political partyLiberal Party
Spouse(s)
Joseph Chow Ming-kuen
(m. 1969; died 2018)
Children2
ResidenceHong Kong
Alma materSt. Paul's Co-Educational College
University of Hong Kong
Rose Bruford College of Speech and Drama

Joining the Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB) after graduating from the University of Hong Kong (HKU), she was Hong Kong's first weather girl. She became the executive of the three major television broadcasting companies in Hong Kong, TVB from 1967 to 1977, general manager of the Commercial Television (CTV) from 1977 to 1978 and chief executive of the Asia Television (ATV) from 1988 to 1991.

She was first appointed to the Legislative Council in 1981 and the Executive Council in 1991. She was the founding member of the pro-business Liberal Party and the vice-chairwoman from 1998 to 2008. She was appointed to the Executive Council for the second time in 2003. In 2004, she won a seat in the direct election in New Territories West but lost in her re-election in 2008. She continued to serve as party chairwoman from 2011 to 2012 and chairwoman from 2012 to 2014.

Contents

Education and television careerEdit

Selina was born Liang Shuk-yee on 25 January 1945 in Hong Kong. She was educated at the St. Paul's Co-educational College before she obtained a bachelor's degree in English from the University of Hong Kong in 1965. She later went on obtaining a postgraduate diploma from the Rose Bruford College of Speech and Drama and Licentiateship in Drama (Teacher and Performer) of the Royal Academy of Music in the United Kingdom.[1]

Liang started her career in Hong Kong's television broadcasting industry as the first weather girl in Hong Kong at the first wireless TV station Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB) in 1967.[2] She was an assistant producer at TVB in Broadcast Drive for the English and Chinese channels under general manager Colin Bednall before she was promoted to Assistant General Manager to run the entire programming section.[3]

Thinking her career in TVB had reached the glass ceiling, Chow left TVB in 1977 and joined the Commercial Television (CTV) to be its new general manager in an attempt to resurrect the ailing station, along with around 200 former TVB personnel including Tsui Hark, Patrick Tam and Ringo Lam in a bidding war between CTV and TVB.However CTV proved to not survive in the highly competitive television broadcasting industry after having spent HK$50 million on production in merely three years and ceased transmissions in 1978.[4] After she left CTV, Chow codirected her only feature film, No Big Deal in 1979, a teen comedy, with Po-Chih Leong.[5]

In August 1988, Lai Sun Group founder Lim Por-yen took over Asia Television (ATV) and hired Selina Chow as the chief executive of the station. Chow proceeded in the same month to unveil a $233 million six-year investment plan to improve ATV's competitive edge against TVB. Chow's first year in office saw ATV's annual budget rocket to an estimated $300–350 million, just about $100–150 million less than TVB. It also poached many talents from TVB, including comedy stars Lydia Shum and Eric Tsang among others, as well as producers, technical staff and administrator.[6] Due to the growing deficit, Chow's power as chief executive was stripped away in late 1990 and was formally dismissed on 8 March 1991 and replaced by Lam Por-yen himself.[7]

Legislative CouncilEdit

Colonial periodEdit

Chow first stepped into politics when she was appointed to the Urban Council in 1980. She was subsequently appointed to the Legislative Council in 1981 by Governor Murray MacLehose. She also held numerous public offices at the time, including the membership of the Law Reform Commission, the Housing Authority and the Education Commission, a well as the chairmanship of the Consumer Council.[8]

In 1991, she was appointed to the Executive Council, the top advisory board in the government, by Governor David Wilson. She soon resigned in 1992 after the arrival of the last Governor Chris Patten who wanted to reform the council by reshuffling the council. Chow was also one of the members of the Co-operative Resources Centre (CRC) headed by Senior Member of the Legislative Council Allen Lee consisting of the appointed members to counter the rise of the United Democrats of Hong Kong (UDHK) in the legislature after their landslide victory in the first ever direct election in 1991.

The Co-operative Resources Centre which soon transformed into the Liberal Party actively lobbied against Chris Patten's constitutional reform proposal which they thought would damaged the smooth transition of the sovereignty of Hong Kong due to Beijing's strong opposition. In the 1995 Legislative Council election, Chow contested in the Wholesale and Retail functional constituency and won the seat against Wong Kwok-hing of the Beijing-loyalist Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB). She was later elected to the Beijing-controlled Provisional Legislative Council (PLC) after the dismantling of the "through train" of the last colonial Legislative Council.

SAR periodEdit

In the first SAR Legislative Council election in 1998, Allen Lee resigned as Liberal Party chairman lost in the direct election. James Tien succeeded as chairman and Chow became party vice-chairwoman. After 1997, the Liberal Party became the partner in Tung Chee-hwa's "governing coalition" which saw Chow being appointed to the Hong Kong Tourist Association before it was transformed into the Hong Kong Tourism Board in 2001.

She has also been a board member of the Hong Kong Airport Authority, honorary adviser to Against Child Abuse, and director of the Hong Kong Intellectual Property Society. As the most senior member in the Legislative Council, she was also the chairwoman of the House Committee of the Legislative Council from 2000 to 2003. From 2003 to 2008, she was also a member of the 10th National Committee of Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

The public opposition and the historic 2003 July 1st protest against the national security legislation of the Basic Law Article 23 led to the resignation of Liberal Party chairman James Tien from the Executive Council on 6 July. Without the Liberal support in the legislature, the government was short of sufficient votes to pass the bill and later on shelved the proposed bill. Following that, Chow was appointed to the Executive Council to fill Tien's vacancy in September 2003.[9]

Riding on the popularity from the 2003 crisis, Chow and Tien left their trade-based functional constituencies and ran for the geographical constituencies. Chow won a seat in the New Territories West with more than 50,000 votes, more than 10 per cent of the vote share and was elected with Tien.

In the 2008 Legislative Council election, she lost her re-election in the New Territories West by receiving only about 21,000 votes, ending her 27 years of service in the legislature. Chow blamed the loss of her seat on Heung Yee Kuk chairman and Liberal Party member Lau Wong-fat for canvassing for the DAB candidate Cheung Hok-ming during the elections.[10] As a result, both Tien and Chow resigned from the party organ with Chow also resigned from the Executive Council.

After Legislative CouncilEdit

Selina Chow and James Tien returned to the party leadership after the intra-party split between James's brother Michael Tien and Tommy Cheung over the Minimum Wage Bill which resulted Michael's departure from the party. In January 2011, Chow succeeded Tommy Cheung as the vice-chairwoman for the second time.[11][12] In the 2012 Chief Executive election, the Liberals initially supported their former member and Chief Secretary for Administration Henry Tang but withdrew their support after Henry Tang's illegal basement controversy. However, they refused to support another Beijing-supported candidate Leung Chun-ying. Selina Chow and party chairwoman Miriam Lau defended their null vote as "the responsible decision" as they could not with all conscience vote for either Tang or Leung; their internal poll of 1,900 people showed 30 percent would cast blank votes.[13]

After Miriam Lau were defeated in Hong Kong Island in the 2012 Legislative Council election and resigned as party chairwoman, Selina Chow was elected chairwoman, unopposed, on 15 December 2012.[14][15] Under her chairmanship, the new office of party leader was created and assumed by James Tien. She held the chairmanship for two years until she was succeeded by Felix Chung and became the party honorary chairwoman.

In the 2017 Chief Executive election, she split with other party figures in the election to nominate former Financial Secretary John Tsang on the capacity as an Election Committee member for Wholesale and Retail with James Tien, Miriam Lau and Felix Chung against the former Chief Secretary for Administration, the Beijing-supported Carrie Lam.[16]

Personal lifeEdit

Liang proposed to engineer Joseph Chow Ming-kuen on the phone when Joseph was in Britain in 1968. The couple have two daughters, Chee-may and Chee-kay.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Members' Biography Archived 26 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Legislative Council of Hong Kong. Retrieved 24 January 2008
  2. ^ Emily Tang, Stars unite to kick-off Selina Chow's Legco bid Archived 22 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine., The Standard, 26 August 2004
  3. ^ a b "Selina Chow". South China Morning Post. 4 August 2003.
  4. ^ Zhang, Yingjin (2004). Chinese National Cinema. Routledge. p. 184.
  5. ^ Yau, Ching-Mei Esther (2001). At Full Speed: Hong Kong Cinema in a Borderless World. U of Minnesota Press. p. 44.
  6. ^ Tsim, T. L.; Luk, Bernard H. K. (1989). The Other Hong Kong Report. Chinese University Press. p. 297.
  7. ^ Sung, Yun-Wing; Lee, Ming-Kwan (1991). The Other Hong Kong Report 1991. Chinese University Press. p. 459.
  8. ^ "Selina CHOW" (PDF). World Services Congress Hong Kong.
  9. ^ "Chief Executive appoints Selina Chow to Executive Council". Hong Kong Government. 22 September 2003.
  10. ^ Ambrose Leung & Fanny Fung, "Heung Yee Kuk chairman quits Liberal Party", 12 September 2008, Page A2, South China Morning Post
  11. ^ Leung, Ambrose; Fun, Fanny W. Y. (17 December 2010). "James Tien and Chow leading Liberals again". South China Morning Post.
  12. ^ "自由黨正、副主席的選舉結果公佈 (2011年1月6日)". Liberal Party. 6 January 2011.
  13. ^ Siu, Phila (22 March 2012). "Tang or Blank". The Standard
  14. ^ Liberal Party picks acting chairman, SCMP, City Digest, 18 September 2012
  15. ^ Chow new chairperson of Liberal Party, RTHK News, 15 Dec 2012, Accessed 15 Dec 2012
  16. ^ 【特首選戰】曾俊華160張提名曝光有咩建制派撐?爾冬陞田少周梁上榜. Apple Daily (in Chinese). 25 February 2017.
Political offices
Preceded by
Gallant Ho
Chairman of Hong Kong Consumer Council
1984–1988
Succeeded by
Martin Lee
Preceded by
Lo Yuk-sui
Chairman of the Hong Kong Tourist Association
2000–2001
Succeeded by
Herself
as Chairman of the Hong Kong Tourism Board
Preceded by
Herself
as Chairman of the Hong Kong Tourist Association
Chairman of the Hong Kong Tourism Board
2001–2007
Succeeded by
James Tien
Business positions
Preceded by
Vacant
Chief Executive of Asia Television
1988–1991
Succeeded by
Lim Por-yen
Legislative Council of Hong Kong
New constituency Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Wholesale and Retail
1995–1997
Replaced by Provisional Legislative Council
New parliament Member of Provisional Legislative Council
1997–1998
Replaced by Legislative Council
Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Wholesale and Retail
1998–2004
Succeeded by
Vincent Fang
Preceded by
Leong Che-hung
Chairman of House Committee
2000–2003
Succeeded by
Miriam Lau
New seat Member of Legislative Council
Representative for New Territories West
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Wong Kwok-hing
Party political offices
Preceded by
Steven Poon
Vice-Chairperson of the Liberal Party
1998–2008
With: Ronald Arculli (1998–2000)
Miriam Lau (2000–2008)
Succeeded by
Tommy Cheung
Preceded by
Tommy Cheung
Vice-Chairperson of the Liberal Party
2011–2012
Served alongside: Vincent Fang
Succeeded by
Felix Chung
Preceded by
Vincent Fang
as Acting Chairman
Chairperson of the Liberal Party
2012–2014
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Lee Shing-see
Recipients of the Gold Bauhinia Star
Hong Kong order of precedence
Recipients of the Gold Bauhinia Star
Succeeded by
Chang Hsin-kang
Recipients of the Gold Bauhinia Star