Open main menu

Seleucus IV Philopator[1] (Greek: Σέλευκος Δ΄ Φιλοπάτωρ; c. 218 – 3 September 175 BC),[2][3] ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, reigned from 187 BC to 175 BC over a realm consisting of Syria (now including Cilicia and Judea), Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Nearer Iran (Media and Persia).

Seleucus IV Philopator
Seleukos IV Philopator, Tetradrachm, 187-175 BC, HGC 9-580g.jpg
Basileus of the Seleucid Empire
Reign3 July 187 – 3 September 175
PredecessorAntiochus III the Great
SuccessorAntiochus
Bornc. 218 BC
Died3 September 175 BC
(aged 42–43)
SpouseLaodice IV
IssueAntiochus
Demetrius I Soter
Laodice V
DynastySeleucid
FatherAntiochus III the Great
MotherLaodice III

Contents

BiographyEdit

Early yearsEdit

He was the second son and successor of Antiochus III the Great and Laodice III. Seleucus IV wed his sister Laodice IV, by whom he had three children: two sons Antiochus, Demetrius I Soter and a daughter Laodice V.

He was compelled by financial necessities, created in part by the heavy war-indemnity exacted by Rome, to pursue an ambitious policy. In an effort to collect money to pay the Romans, he sent his minister Heliodorus to Jerusalem to seize the Jewish temple treasury.

Taxes and assassinationEdit

 
Coin of Seleucus IV Philopator, stamp Greek: (Β)ΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ (ΣΕ)ΛΕΥΚΟΥ

The Bible tells of a prophecy given by a messenger angel in Daniel 11:20 (NLT). The text states that Seleucus "will be remembered as the king who sent a tax collector to maintain the royal splendor." The deuterocanonical lends more to this in 2 Maccabees 3:2-3... "It came to pass that even the kings themselves, and the princes esteemed the place [the Temple in Jerusalem] worthy of the highest honour, and glorified the temple with very great gifts: So that Seleucus king of Asia allowed out of his revenues all the charges belonging to the ministry of the sacrifices."

On his return from Jerusalem, Heliodorus assassinated Seleucus, and installed Seleucus' younger son Antiochus as king. The true heir Demetrius, son of Seleucus, was now being retained in Rome as a hostage, and the kingdom was seized by the younger brother of Seleucus, Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Antiochus managed to oust Heliodorus and co-ruled with the young Antiochus until 170 BC when he had him murdered.

AncestryEdit

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.wordnik.com/words/philopator
  2. ^ "Seleucus IV Philopator". Livius.org.
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. 20 (1973), p. 190
  4. ^ Laodice III, prior to her marriage to Antiochus III the Great, was a Princess of Pontus and was styled as such.

External linksEdit

Seleucus IV Philopator
Born: Unknown Died: 175 BC
Preceded by
Antiochus III the Great
Seleucid King
(King of Syria)

187–175 BC
Succeeded by
Antiochus