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Seleucus III Soter, called Seleucus Ceraunus (Greek: Σέλευκος Γ΄ ὁ Σωτήρ, ὁ Κεραυνός; c. 243 BC – April/June 223 BC, ruled December 225 – April/June 223 BC),[1] was a ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Kingdom, the eldest son of Seleucus II Callinicus and Laodice II.

Seleucus III Ceraunus
Seleukos III Keraunos, Tetradrachm, 226-223 BC, HGC 3-414c.jpg
Coin of Seleucus III. Greek inscription reads [Β]ΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ [Σ]ΕΛΕΥΚΟΥ (King Seleucus).
Basileus of the Seleucid Empire
ReignDecember 225 – April/June 223 BC
PredecessorSeleucus II Callinicus
SuccessorsAntiochus III the Great
BornAlexander
c. 243 BC
DiedApril/June 223 BC
(aged 20)
DynastySeleucid
FatherSeleucus II Callinicus
MotherLaodice II

BiographyEdit

His birth name was Alexander and he was named after his great uncle the Seleucid official Alexander. Alexander changed his name to Seleucus after he succeeded his father as King. After a brief reign of three years (225–223 BC), during which he unsuccessfully continued his father's war in Asia Minor against Attalus I of Pergamon of Pergamum, Seleucus was assassinated in Anatolia by members of his army .[1] His official byname Soter means "Saviour", while his nickname Ceraunus means "Thunderbolt".

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Seleucus III Keraunos". Livius.org.
Seleucus III Ceraunus
Born: c. 243 BC Died: 223 BC
Preceded by
Seleucus II Callinicus
Seleucid King
225–223 BC
Succeeded by
Antiochus III the Great