Selenus chess set
The Selenus chess set is a style of chess set, in use before the standardization of chess pieces that happened after the Staunton chess set was launched in 1849 by games manufacturer John Jaques of London. The Selenus sets were typical of Germany and Northern Europe and are named after Gustavus Selenus, the pen name of Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, author of the Chess or the King's Game (German: Das Schach- oder Königsspiel), an important chess manual published in the 17th century. The standard included delicate lathe turned bases and shafts and tiers with circlets resembling crowns. Pieces were distinguished by heights, the number of tiers and sometimes by symbols.
These chessmen are also called Garden Chess Sets because their theme frequently consisted of "formal flower gardens" - Kings and Queens were Fountains; Bishops and Pawns were flowers; Knights were gentle horses; and Rooks became civic towers instead of battlements. In England they were frequently called Tulip Chess Sets.
- "The Conventional Chess Sets from 1700 to the introduction of Staunton's (1849)". www.eldrbarry.net.
- "Wooden Toys | Toys For Kids". Jaques of London.
- "The Chess Book of Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, 1616/1617 | The Royal Danish Collection". www.kongernessamling.dk.