Selâmet I Giray (1558–1610, reigned 1608–1610) was a khan of the Crimean Khanate. His early life was more complex than his 2-year reign. Most of his life involved dynastic conflicts with his brothers and nephews.
|Selâmet I Giray|
|Khan of the Tatar Crimean Khanate|
All subsequent Crimean khans were descended from Selyamet, except for five who were sons or grandsons of his brothers. Selyamet was the youngest of the many sons of Devlet I Giray (1551–1577). His brothers were khans Mehmed II Giray (1577–1584, killed by Islyam), Islyam II Giray (1584–1588, died naturally), Gazi II Giray (1588–1607, followed by Selyamet) and Fetih I Giray (1596, interrupting Gazi II) and Alp, Shakai Mubarek and five others who died early.
When he came to the throne he was the last surviving brother, so he had to deal with his nephews and their sons. These were, starting with Selyamet's brothers: Mehmed II (sons Murad, Safa, Saadet II Giray [sons Kumyk, Devlet, Mehmed III Giray and Shahin]), Gazi II (son Toqtamış Giray), Shakai Mubarak (sons Canibek Giray and Devlet).
1577–1584 under Mehmed II Giray: After 1578 Alp Giray quarreled with Mehmed. Alp and the young Selyamet fled to the steppes and were captured by the Cossacks. They were later released and returned to Crimea. In 1584 a Turkish fleet arrived intending to replace Mehmed with Islyam. The brothers Selyamet, Alp, and Mubarak supported Islyam and Mehmed was killed by Alp.
1584–1588 under Islyam II Giray: Little information.
1588–1607 under Gazi II Giray: When Gazi was placed on the throne by the Turks the brothers Alp and Mubarak fled. Selyamet and Fetih joined Gazi. Selyamet became kalga even though he had supported Alp. In June 1588 Safa bin Mehmed returned. Selaymet, who had been involved in Mehmed's death, quarreled with Safa and fled to Kaffa where he was protected by the Turks. Fetih became kalga. By 1601 Selyamet was back in Crimea. In 1601 he was accused of being involved in Devlet bin Murad’s rebellion and fled to Akkerman. Gazi demanded his extradition. The sultan refused, but exiled him to Anatolia. Selyamet joined the Celali rebellions. After their defeat he spent the next seven years imprisoned in the Yedikule Fortress.
When Gazi died in 1607 the khanship went to his son Tokhtamysh, as was Gazi’s wish. The Turks rejected this, released Selyamet from jail and made him khan (April 1608). Our sources do not explain why the Turks chose a person with such an irregular history. His kalga was Mehmed bin Saadet. By the time Selyamet arrived in Bakhchisarai, Mehmed had killed Tokhtamysh. Mehmed's brother Shahin Giray arrived from Circassia and was made nureddin. Dur-Bike, the widow of Mubarak, who died in Circassia, arrived with her sons Jannibek and Devlet. Selyamet married Dur-Bike and adopted her sons. In 1609 Mehmed and Shahin conspired against Selyamet and were forced to flee from Crimea to Budjak. Jannibek and Devlet became kalga and nureddin. In 1609 and 1610 Jannibek led significant raids against Muscovy and twice crossed the Oka. In late May or early June 1610 the 52-year-old Selyamet died. He was buried in Bakhchisarai.
All subsequent khans were descended from Selyamet or his brothers. Selyamet was one of the many sons of Devlet I (1550–1577). Of his seven sons, three were khans and four were fathers of khans.
Kyrym's sons were Hacı II Giray (1683–84) and Saadet III Giray (1691). Mubarak was the father of Murad Giray. Safa was the father of Safa Giray (1691–92). Adil was the father of Devlet III Giray (1716–17). After these all khans were descended from Selyamet's grandson Devlet II Giray.
Sources and notesEdit
- Oleksa Gaivoronsky «Повелители двух материков», Kiev-Bakhchisarai, second edition, 2010, ISBN 978-966-2260-02-1, volume 1, pp. 306, 308, 310, volume 2, pp. 23–39.
- Gaivoronsky, p306. The Russian Wikipedia, under Mehmed II, citing the 2007 edition of Gaivoronsky, p. 284, has the brothers leave the Cossacks and accompany the Polish ambassador to Istanbul, where they gained Turkish support. The Russian Wikipedia, under Alp Giray, citing no sources, says that in 1578 Alp and Mehmed quarreled and were reconciled, in 1581 the brothers fled and in the spring of 1582 they went to Turkey and soon returned to Crimea.