Segrave Trophy

The Segrave Trophy is awarded to the British national who demonstrates "Outstanding Skill, Courage and Initiative on Land, Water and in the Air".[1] The trophy is named in honour of Sir Henry Segrave, the first person to hold both the land and water speed records simultaneously.[1] The award was established by Segrave's wife, Lady Doris, who was "determined to carry on his legacy".[2][3] The trophy, designed by sculptor Gilbert Bayes,[4] is awarded by the Royal Automobile Club. It has been awarded in most years since 1930;[5] it is not presented if, in the opinion of the committee, no achievement has been sufficient to deserve the award.[6] Past sponsors of the trophy include Castrol, Ford Motor Company and Aston Martin.[6][7]

Segrave Trophy
Segrave Trophy.jpg
Awarded for"Outstanding Skill, Courage and Initiative on Land, Water and in the Air: the Spirit of Adventure".[1]
Presented byRoyal Automobile Club
First awarded1930
Currently held byBilly Monger (2018)
WebsiteOfficial website
The Segrave Trophy Conditions of Award documentation

The inaugural recipient of the Segrave Trophy was Australian-born Charles Kingsford Smith who flew solo from Ireland to Newfoundland, across the Atlantic, in just over 31 hours.[8] He also won the 1930 England to Australia air race, covering the distance solo in 13 days.[8] British aviatrix Amy Johnson became the first female recipient of the trophy in 1932 when she was cited for her flight from London to Cape Town in a de Havilland Puss Moth.[5] Since then, just four other women have won the award: Jean Batten (1936) for her solo 11-day flight from England to New Zealand, Fiona Gore (1980) for travelling in excess of 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) on water, Eve Jackson (1987) for her solo microlight flight from London to Sydney, and Louise Aitken-Walker (1990) for her victory in the short-lived World Rally Championship Ladies Cup.[5] The Segrave Trophy has been presented posthumously on four occasions, to Geoffrey de Havilland Jr. (1946), Donald Campbell (1966), Bruce McLaren (1969) and Joey Dunlop (2000).[5] The 2018 winner of the Segrave Trophy was the double amputee driver Billy Monger, who at the age of 20, is the youngest recipient of the award.[9]

A subsidiary award, the Segrave Medal, may also be given to those individuals who have "played a fundamental role in helping the Segrave Trophy winner to achieve their goal".[10] Peter Du Cane received the medal in 1939 for the design and construction of Blue Bird K4. Bruce McLaren's teammate Denny Hulme and their chief mechanic Cary Taylor won the medal in 1969, their team having won every race of the 1969 Can-Am season.[11] In 1993, the car designer Eric Broadley was presented with the Segrave Medal for his work with Lola Cars. Mark Wilkinson received the medal in 2001 as co-pilot to trophy winner Tim Ellison, and Lady Moss, Stirling Moss's wife, won it in 2005 for her support of her husband.[5] Audi's Wolfgang Ullrich, Tom Kristensen and Loïc Duval received the medal in 2013.[10] Carlin founder Trevor Carlin won the Segrave Medal in 2018 for helping Monger return to motor racing.[9] Additionally, the Segrave Certificate of Achievement may be awarded to a person who is not a British national, but would otherwise qualify for recognition. It has been presented just once, in 2002, to Bjørn Rune Gjelsten who was throttleman for powerboat racer Steve Curtis.[5]

List of recipientsEdit

Key
  Indicates posthumous award
  Indicates Segrave Medal was awarded that year
  Indicates Segrave Certificate of Achievement was awarded that year
Year Image Recipient Nationality Citation[5] Ref(s)
1930   Charles Kingsford Smith   AUS "For his east-west solo air crossing of the Atlantic from Ireland to Newfoundland in 31½ hours, and victory in 13 days, also solo, in the England to Australia Air Race, in the Southern Cross." [8][12]
1931   Bert Hinkler   AUS "For his solo flight in a de Havilland Puss Moth from Canada to London by the least direct route imaginable." [13]
1932 Amy Johnson   GBR "For her record-breaking flight in a de Havilland Puss Moth from London to Cape Town." [14]
1933   Malcolm Campbell   GBR "For raising the Land Speed Record to 272.11 miles per hour (437.92 km/h) in Blue Bird." [15]
1934   Ken Waller   GBR "For his 4,000-mile (6,400 km) flight from Belgium to what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and back in a de Havilland DH.88 Comet, taking just 3,439 minutes." [16]
1935   George Eyston   GBR "For the land speed records over 1 hour, 12 hours and 24 hours, including an average of 140.52 miles per hour (226.15 km/h) over 24 hours of driving in Speed of the Wind." [17]
1936   Jean Batten   NZL "For her record-breaking solo flight in a Percival Gull from England to Auckland, taking 11 days and 45 minutes." [18]
1937   A.E. Clouston   GBR "For his flight with Betty Kirby-Green in a de Havilland DH.88 Comet from Croydon to Cape Town and back in a flight time of 77 hours and 49 minutes." [19]
1938   A. T. Goldie Gardner   GBR "For attaining the class G land speed record of 186.6 miles per hour (300.3 km/h) in a 1100cc MG Magnette on the German autobahn." [20]
1939     Malcolm Campbell   GBR "For setting the new water speed record of 141.74 miles per hour (228.11 km/h) at Coniston Water in Blue Bird K4." [21]
1940
No award due to the Second World War
[5]
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946 Geoffrey de Havilland Jr.     GBR "Awarded posthumously for his contribution to British aviation as a test pilot developing aircraft such as the de Havilland Mosquito, the Hornet and the Vampire." [22]
1947   John Cobb   GBR "For raising the land speed record to 394.19 miles per hour (634.39 km/h) in the Railton Mobil Special." [23]
1948   John Derry   GBR "For breaking the 100 km closed circuit aeroplane record at Hatfield, Hertfordshire. Flying a de Havilland DH 108 he reached a speed of 605.23 mph (973.8 km/h)." [24]
1949
No award
[5][25]
1950
1951   Geoff Duke   GBR "For winning the 350cc and 500cc Motorcycle World Championships and both the junior and senior Tourist Trophy races in the same year." [26]
1952
No award
[5]
1953   Neville Duke   GBR "For setting a new air speed record of 727.63 miles per hour (1,171.01 km/h) in a Hawker Hunter over Littlehampton." [22]
1954
No award
[5]
1955 Donald Campbell   GBR "For setting a new water speed record of 202.15 miles per hour (325.33 km/h) on Ullswater in Bluebird K7." [27]
1956   Peter Twiss   GBR "For setting a new air speed record of 1,132 miles per hour (1,822 km/h) and becoming the first person to break 1,000 miles per hour (1,600 km/h) in level flight, in a Fairey Delta 2 (pictured)." [28]
1957   Stirling Moss   GBR "For winning three Grands Prix with Vanwall and breaking five class speed records." [15]
1958 Donald Campbell   GBR "For raising the water speed record to 260 miles per hour (420 km/h) on Lake Coniston in Bluebird K7." [29]
1959
No award
[5]
1960   Tom Brooke-Smith   GBR "For attaining vertical flight and hovering stationary in the air in an SC 1 VTOL aircraft (pictured)." [30]
1961
No award
[5]
1962   Bill Bedford   GBR "For completing the first vertical landing by a fixed-wing aircraft on an aircraft carrier, landing a Hawker P-1127 on HMS Ark Royal." [31]
1963
No award
[5]
1964 Donald Campbell   GBR "For becoming the first person since his father to achieve "the double" of raising the water speed record to 276.33 miles per hour (444.71 km/h) in Bluebird K7 on Lake Dumbleyung, Australia, and taking the land speed record to 429 miles per hour (690 km/h) at Lake Eyre in Bluebird CN7." [15]
1965
No award
[5]
1966 Donald Campbell     GBR "Awarded posthumously for outstanding contribution to mechanical development and aerodynamics." [32]
1967
No award
[5]
1968   Ken Wallis   GBR "For his development and airmanship in the field of lightweight autogyro aircraft, and attaining multiple world records." [5]
1969     Bruce McLaren     NZL "Awarded posthumously for the design, development and driving of cars that won every round of the 1969 Can-Am Championship." [11]
1970   Brian Trubshaw   GBR "For his work in developing and successfully piloting the prototype Concorde supersonic airliner (pictured in 1977), including her first supersonic flight over land." [33]
1971
No award
[5]
1972
1973   Jackie Stewart   GBR "For winning his third Formula One World Championship in five seasons with a British team, and becoming the most successful Grand Prix driver in history." [34]
1974
John Blashford-Snell   GBR "For leading the first Zaire River exploration ever to be completed." [35]
1975   Roger Clark & Stuart Turner, Jim Porter, Peter Ashworth and Tony Mason   GBR "For the success of Ford Motor Company in the British Rally Championship." [36]
1976     Peter Collins   GBR "For winning the World Speedway Championship on a British Weslake engine." [37]
1977   Barry Sheene   GBR "For retaining the 500cc Motorcycle Grand Prix World Championship." [37]
1978   John Cunningham   GBR "For his 40-year career as chief test pilot at de Havilland and later British Aerospace, including wartime service as a night-fighter pilot, scoring 20 aerial victories in the defence of Britain at the height of the Blitz." [5]
1979   Mike Hailwood   GBR "For his long career in motorcycle Grand Prix racing, Formula One and his successes in the Isle of Man TT, including his last, in 1979, at the age of 39, following a successful comeback to the event after an 11-year hiatus." [38]
1980
Fiona Gore   GBR "For becoming the first woman to achieve more than 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) on water by reaching 102 miles per hour (164 km/h) on Lake Windermere." [39]
1981
No award
[5]
1982   Sandy Woodward   GBR "For his captaincy of flagship HMS Hermes on behalf of all who fought for the liberation of the Falkland Islands." [5]
1983   Richard Noble   GBR "For raising the land speed record to 633.468 miles per hour (1,019.468 km/h) at Black Rock Desert, Nevada, in Thrust 2." [15]
1984   Barry Sheene   GBR "For his career in motorcycle Grand Prix racing, including being the only man to win World Championship events at all capacities from 50cc to 500cc." [40]
1985   Ken Wallis   GBR "For his lifetime of achievement in aviation, including a multitude of world records for altitude, speed and range in autogyro aircraft." [41]
1986   Richard Branson   GBR "For the development of the Virgin Atlantic Challenger and his effort to break the Blue Riband record crossing of the Atlantic in a sailing boat." [42]
1987
Eve Jackson   GBR "For her solo flight from London to Sydney in the microlight Shadow." [43]
1988   Martin Brundle   GBR "For winning the FIA Sportscar World Championship with Jaguar." [36]
1989   Bob Ives and Joe Ives   GBR "For victory in the off-road marathon the Camel Trophy, with its 1,062-mile (1,709 km) route through the Brazilian rainforest from Alta Floresta to Manaus." [44]
1990
Louise Aitken-Walker   GBR "For winning the Ladies' World Rally Championship title with Vauxhall." [45]
1991
Steve Webster   GBR "For winning his fourth FIM World Sidecar Championship title." [40]
1992   Frank Williams and Nigel Mansell   GBR "For victory in the 1992 FIA Formula One World Championship for constructors (Williams) and drivers (Mansell) (pictured in the Williams F1 in Canada in 1988)." [36]
1993     Nigel Mansell   GBR "For winning the CART IndyCar World Championship in America (pictured in the Lola T93/00 at the Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course) at the first attempt." [5]
1994   Carl Fogarty   GBR "For winning the Superbike World Championship with Ducati." [34]
1995   Colin McRae   GBR "For becoming the first British driver to win the FIA World Rally Championship with Subaru." [36]
1996   Damon Hill   GBR "For becoming the FIA Formula One world champion and, in so doing, becoming the first son of a former champion to claim the title." [36]
1997   Andy Green   GBR "For raising the land speed record to 763.065 miles per hour (1,228.034 km/h) at Black Rock, Nevada, in ThrustSSC (pictured) – becoming the first person to break the sound barrier on land." [15]
1998   Brian Milton   GBR "For becoming the first person to circumnavigate the world in a microlight." [46]
1999   Jackie Stewart   GBR "For lifetime services to motor sport." [5]
2000   Joey Dunlop     GBR "Awarded posthumously in recognition of a career of unrivalled achievement in the Isle of Man TT." [40]
2001  
Tim Ellison   GBR "For the first circumnavigation flight by a disabled pilot." [5]
2002     Steve Curtis   GBR "For winning as driver in the World, European and Pole Position championships in offshore powerboat racing (Spirit of Norway powerboat pictured)." [15]
2003
Brian Lecomber   GBR "For his career of more than 20 years as a leading airshow pilot, and journalist and communicator on aerobatics and record breaking." [47]
2004
No award
[5]
2005     Stirling Moss   GBR "For his lifetime of achievement in all forms of motor sport, and his service to the sports." [5]
2006
No award
[5]
2007   Lewis Hamilton   GBR "For unprecedented achievements in his debut season in the FIA Formula One World Championship." [5]
2008   Allan McNish   GBR "For exceptional endeavour in motor sport." [48]
2009   Paul Bonhomme   GBR "As Britain's first champion in the Red Bull Air Race." [15]
2010   Adrian Newey   GBR "For winning Formula One drivers' and constructors' World Championships with three teams: Williams-Renault, McLaren-Mercedes and Red Bull-Renault." [49]
2011
Dave Sykes   GBR "For being the first paraplegic pilot to fly from York to Sydney in a microlight aircraft, completing the journey in 257 hours." [50]
2012   John Surtees   GBR "For his outstanding career in two- and four-wheeled motor sport, including seven Motorcycle World Championship titles, culminating in the unique achievement of being the only man to win both a Motorcycle World Championship and a Formula One World Championship." [51]
2013     Allan McNish   GBR "First Briton to win the Tourist Trophy, the Le Mans 24 Hours and the FIA World Endurance Championship in the same season." [52]
2014
No award
[5]
2015   John McGuinness   GBR "For his outstanding contribution to motorcycle road and circuit racing, including setting the outright lap record at the 2015 Isle of Man TT." [15]
2016
No award
[5]
2017   Sam Sunderland   GBR "For being the first Briton to win a Dakar Rally crown by winning the motorcycle category in 2017." [53]
2018  
Billy Monger   GBR "For demonstrating exceptional courage and determination after great adversity and returning to high levels of motorsport." [9]

At the time of winning, the Australians Kingsford Smith and Hinkler, and New Zealander Batten, were also considered British subjects. New Zealander McLaren's award was after New Zealand's Citizenship Act of 1948 but he was recognised as his McLaren team was British-based.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "The Segrave Trophy". Royal Automobile Club. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  2. ^ Carter, Helen (16 March 2016). "Sir Henry Segrave: The legacy of the 200 mph record breaker". BBC News. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
  3. ^ "The Segrave Trophy – history". Royal Automobile Club. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Segrave Trophy". The Sydney Morning Herald (29, 477). 25 June 1932. p. 9. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Past Winners". Royal Automobile Club. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  6. ^ a b Desmond, Kevin (1 January 2004). Race Against the Odds: The Tragic Success Story of Miss England II. Sigma Leisure. p. 110. ISBN 1-85058-806-6. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Britain's four times world champion awarded Segrave Trophy". Aston Martin. 13 November 2003. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  8. ^ a b c Howard, Frederick. "Kingsford Smith, Sir Charles Edward (1897–1935)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  9. ^ a b c O'Grady, Sean (2 August 2019). "Double amputee racing driver wins prestigious trophy". The Independent. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Royal Automobile Club awards Segrave medals to Dr Wolfgang Ullrich, Tom Kristensen and Loïc Duval" (PDF). Royal Automobile Club. 19 April 2014. p. 1. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  11. ^ a b Price, Jack (27 May 2017). "Monaco and the greatest day in Kiwi motorsport". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Kingsford Smith". Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate (16, 983). New South Wales, Australia. 21 March 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ Wixted, E. P. "Hinkler, Herbert John (Bert) (1892–1933)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Amy Johnson Awarded Segrave Trophy". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 4 February 1933. p. 15. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h Gray, Will (12 November 2016). "10 great winners of the Segrave Trophy". Red Bull. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  16. ^ "Segrave Trophy for Ken Waller". The Daily News. LV (18, 681). Western Australia. 31 January 1935. p. 11. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "The Segrave Trophy". The Sydney Morning Herald (30, 640). 17 March 1936. p. 6. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ "Miss Jean Batten". The Sydney Morning Herald (30, 914). 1 February 1937. p. 10. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  19. ^ "Segrave Trophy". The Sydney Morning Herald (31, 599). 11 April 1939. p. 6. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ "From Cradle to Cockpit". The Northern Times. 36 (13). Western Australia. 29 March 1940. p. 5. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  21. ^ "Malcolm Campbell honoured". The Cairns Post. Cairns. 27 January 1940. p. 5. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  22. ^ a b "Segrave Trophy for Neville Duke" (PDF). Flightglobal: 717. 4 June 1954. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  23. ^ "Segrave Trophy". The Sydney Morning Herald (34, 355). 31 January 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  24. ^ "Segrave Trophy – Awarded to John Derry". The Cairns Post. Cairns. 23 May 1949. p. 2. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  25. ^ "Motor cycling notes". The Morning Bulletin (29, 134). Queensland, Australia. 6 November 1952. p. 10. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  26. ^ "Road star's win". The Examiner. CXI (235). Tasmania, Australia. 11 December 1952. p. 24. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  27. ^ "Campbell wins Segrave trophy". The Argus. Melbourne. 4 February 1956. p. 2. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  28. ^ "Segrave Trophy for Peter Twiss" (PDF). Flightglobal: 202. 15 February 1957. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  29. ^ Tremayne, David (15 December 2004). Donald Campbell: The Man Behind The Mask. Magna Large Print Books. p. 459. ISBN 0-7505-2316-6. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  30. ^ "Segrave Trophy: Test Pilot wins award" (PDF). British Universities Film & Video Council. p. 1. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  31. ^ "Bill Bedford Honoured" (PDF). Flightglobal: 488. 11 April 1963. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  32. ^ Tremayne, David (15 December 2004). Donald Campbell: The Man Behind The Mask. Magna Large Print Books. p. 424. ISBN 0-7505-2316-6. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  33. ^ "People and posts" (PDF). Flightglobal: 124. 22 July 1971. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  34. ^ a b "Allan McNish awarded the Segrave trophy". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. 16 April 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  35. ^ Calkin, Jessamy (5 December 2015). "Col John Blashford-Snell: the last of the great adventurers". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  36. ^ a b c d e Taylor, Simon (March 2006). "Simon Taylor's Notebook". Motor Sport. p. 101. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  37. ^ a b "News in brief". Motor Sport. December 1978. p. 32. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  38. ^ "Segrave Trophy to Hailwood". Motor Sport. July 1980. p. 49. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  39. ^ "Lady Fiona Gore (1918–2013), The Countess of Arran's, 1980 Segrave Trophy '100mph on Water' plaque and other powerboat trophies and awards". Bonhams. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  40. ^ a b c Patterson, Simon (31 March 2016). "McPint awarded prestigious Segrave Trophy". Motor Cycle News. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  41. ^ "Ken Wallis – obituary". Norfolk and Suffolk Aviation Museum. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  42. ^ Europa Publications (19 June 2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Routledge. p. 215. ISBN 1-85743-217-7. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  43. ^ Clayton, Mark (May 2014). "25 years ago" (PDF). Sport Pilot. Recreational Aviation Australia. p. 62. ISSN 1839-0501.
  44. ^ "Feats of Endurance". National Motor Museum. Archived from the original on 13 November 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  45. ^ "Formula 1 champion meets our own 'fast lady'". The Berwickshire News. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  46. ^ "2000". British Microlight Aircraft Association. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  47. ^ "Brian Lecomber". The Times. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  48. ^ Strang, Simon (14 July 2009). "McNish 'honoured' by Segrave Trophy". Autosport. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  49. ^ Williams, David (8 April 2011). "F1 designer wins prestigious 'adventurer' award". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  50. ^ "Dewsbury man's adventure award for microlight trip". BBC News. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  51. ^ Oxley, Mat (12 March 2013). "John Surtees' unique achievement". Motor Sport. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  52. ^ "Matters of moment". Motor Sport. June 2014. p. 12. Retrieved 13 November 2017.
  53. ^ "2017 Dakar winner Sunderland finds focus in freediving". Special Broadcasting Service. Reuters. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2018.

Further readingEdit

  • Drackett, Phil (1990). They Call It Courage: The Story of the Segrave Trophy. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 978-0-7090-4028-6.

External linksEdit