Seeing Islam as Others Saw It

Seeing Islam As Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam from the Studies in Late Antiquity and Early Islam series is a book by scholar of the Middle East Robert G. Hoyland.

Seeing Islam as Others Saw It
Seeing Islam as Others Saw It.jpg
Book cover and spine
AuthorRobert G. Hoyland
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
SeriesStudies in Late Antiquity and Early Islam
SubjectIslamic Empire--History--622-661--Historiography.
Islamic Empire--History--661-750--Historiography.
Middle East--Civilization--To 622--Historiography.
PublisherDarwin Press
Publication date
1997
Media typeHardcover
Pages872
ISBN0-87850-125-8
OCLC36884186
939.4 21
LC ClassDS38.1 .H69 1997

The book contains an extensive collection of Greek, Syrian, Coptic, Armenian, Latin, Jewish, Persian, and Chinese primary sources written between 620 and 780 AD in the Middle East, which provides a survey of eyewitness accounts of historical events during the formative period of Islam.

The book presents the evidentiary text of over 120 seventh century manuscripts, one of which (the manuscript of Thomas the Presbyter) contains what Hoyland believes is the "first explicit reference to Muhammad in a non-Muslim source:"[1]

In the year 945, indiction 7, on Friday 7 February (634) at the ninth hour, there was a battle between the Romans and the Arabs of Muhammad (tayyaye d-Mhmt) in Palestine twelve miles [19 km] east of Gaza. The Romans fled, leaving behind the patrician Bryrdn,[2] whom the Arabs killed. Some 4000 poor villagers of Palestine were killed there, Christians, Jews and Samaritans. The Arabs ravaged the whole region.

According to Michael G. Morony, Hoyland emphasizes the parallels between Muslim and non-Muslim accounts of history emphasizing that non-Muslim texts often explain the same history as the Muslim ones even though they were recorded earlier. He concludes "Hoyland's treatment of the materials is judicious, honest, complex, and extremely useful."[3]

SourcesEdit

Greek sourcesEdit

West Syrian, Coptic and Armenian sourcesEdit

East Syrian sourcesEdit

Latin sourcesEdit

Chinese sourcesEdit

Apocalypses and visionsEdit

Syriac textsEdit

Greek textsEdit

Hebrew textsEdit

Persian textsEdit

Muslim Arabic textsEdit

MartyrologiesEdit

Greek textsEdit

Armenian textsEdit

Syriac textsEdit

Chronicles and historiesEdit

Syriac textsEdit

Latin textsEdit

Greek textsEdit

Apologies and disputationsEdit

Syriac textsEdit

Christian Arabic textsEdit

Jewish textsEdit

Persian textsEdit

Latin textsEdit

See alsoEdit

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ Hoyland, Seeing Islam As Others Saw It, p. 120
  2. ^ The name "Bryrdn" is unclear; see, e.g., "Biblical and Near Eastern essays: studies in honour of Kevin J. Cathcart", ISBN 0-8264-6690-7, p. 283
  3. ^ Michael G. Morony. International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 31, No. 3. (Aug., 1999), pp. 452-453