Sedniv (Ukrainian: Седнів) is a small urban-type settlement in Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine. It is located in Chernihiv Raion, hosting the administration of Sedniv settlement hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine.[1] Population: 1,063 (2021 est.)[2]

Sedniv (Седнів)
Sedniv George Church DSC 7209.jpg
Кам"яниця Лизогубів.jpg
Седнів Воскресенська церква фото02 2014.jpg
Седнiвська школа.jpg
Coat of arms of Sedniv (Седнів)
Sedniv (Седнів) is located in Chernihiv Oblast
Sedniv (Седнів)
Sedniv (Седнів)
Sedniv (Седнів) is located in Ukraine
Sedniv (Седнів)
Sedniv (Седнів)
Coordinates: 51°38′36″N 31°34′8″E / 51.64333°N 31.56889°E / 51.64333; 31.56889Coordinates: 51°38′36″N 31°34′8″E / 51.64333°N 31.56889°E / 51.64333; 31.56889
Country Ukraine
OblastChernihiv Oblast
MunicipalitySedniv municipality
Population
 (2021)
 • Total1,063
Postal code
14000
Area code(s)(+380)
Vehicle registrationCB / 25

Sedniv is famous for being the hometown of the Lyzohub family of Cossacks. The population of Sedniv suffered from Holodomor and in 1932 it lost its status of town in part due to the effect of the Soviet Union's 'Blackboard Policies', being downgraded to a village until 1959.

Sedniv is located where the Ruthenian city of Snovsk used to be before it was destroyed by the Tatars in 1239. It is unknown when the town changed its name. In 1648-1781 it was a district (sotnia) seat of the Chernihiv region (polk).

HistoryEdit

PrehistoryEdit

Modern researchers trace the history of Sedniv to the Danish settlement of da:Seden, from which the city got its name.[3] When the territories of the modern-day Chernihiv region were captured by the Rurik dynasty, Sedniv was renamed to Snovesk.

Kyivan Rus'Edit

The settlement is first mentioned in chronicles as an ancient fortress city of Snovsk. In 1068, Prince Sviatoslav with three thousand soldiers defeated 12 000 soldier Cuman army near Snovsk. The name comes from the River Snov ("sleep" - wash, bathe). Folk legend tells other versions of the town's name:

"The devastating hordes of the Crimean Tatars attacked Snovsk, but could not take the city-fortress. The Tatars then called the city of Snovsk "Sidnaame"(сидняме), which translated from Tatar language as if to mean evil and brave. Hence - Sedniv."

From 10th to 11th centuries, Snovsk was one of the strongholds of Kievan Rus', the center of a separate administrative unit - Snovskian Thousand.

From 12th to 13th centuries, Snovsk was a part of the Chernihiv principality that was later destroyed by Tatars invaders in 1239.

In the mid-14th century, the city was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

Cossack HetmanateEdit

 
Lyzohub Stonehouse (Кам'яниця Лизогубів), Taras Shevchenko, 1846.

Between 1648 and 1781 - Sedniv was a sotnia town of the Chernihiv Regiment, and later - the parish town of Little Russia Governorate before being incorporated into Chernihiv Governorate in 1802. The town also housed the Sedniv Regiment for a short time in 1659.

At the end of the 17th century, Sedniv became a chattel of the Cossack Lyzohub family.

Russian EmpireEdit

In the middle of the 19th century, the town was divided into two parts: Mills and Tanners. A thriving regional center of tannery, by 1859 Sedniv had 10 tanneries, lard and candle manufactories, as well as 11 mills.[4]

Ukrainian People's RepublicEdit

In 1917, Sedniv became part of newly-created Ukrainian People's Republic. During the Ukrainian-Soviet War the town was captured by Russian troops on January 20, 1918 and was retaken by joint German and Ukrainian armies on March 18, 1918.

Soviet-aligned Bohun Cossack Regiment attacked the town on January 10, 1919, annexing it into Ukrainian People's Republic of Soviets. 25 UPR soldiers died in the battle; their remains were buried at the local cemetery.[5]

Soviet eraEdit

Soviet administration was established in August 1920 with the formation of Sedniv Village Council. During the post-war administrative reform, the town became part of Chernihiv Oblast's Horodnia Raion.

Sedniv was heavily hit by the Holodomor. As the town's inhabitants heavily resisted Soviet collectivization policies, the town was included into the Soviet black boards.[6] At least 145 people perished during this period, and the town itself was downgraded into a village.

AdministrativeEdit

The village is on the list of historic settlements of Ukraine approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine in 2001.[7]

Geography and ClimateEdit

The village is located on the River Snov, and sits about 25km from the railway station in Chernihiv.

DemographicsEdit

Population DataEdit

1959 1979 1989 2001 2016
2395 1930 1836 1351 1103

Population Distribution by Native Language (2001)Edit

Ukrainian Russian
95,86% 3,92%

EconomyEdit

CultureEdit

Historical sitesEdit

 
St.George's Church

1. St. George's Church, a wooden church built on or before 1747.[8] 2. Remains of Sedniv's ancient city walls. 3. Lyzohub Manor, a manor formerly belonging to Coloner Iakov Lyzohub of Chernihiv Regiment. 4. Church of the Resurrection of the Christ, Lyzohubs' family crypt. Constructed in 1690. 5. Chernihiv Energy Museum.[9]

GovernmentEdit

EducationEdit

During the Soviet era, the Lyzohub Manor was converted into an elementary school by the regional government. A new educational complex, consisting of a kindergarten and a secondary school, was constructed in 2012.

InfrastructureEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Седнівська громада" (in Ukrainian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. ^ Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
  3. ^ Tyschenko, K. (2011). Khaliphate and Sivera: A Toponymical Trace in Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Kyiv. pp. 272–275.
  4. ^ Vermenych, Y.; Vortman, D. "Enclyclopedia of History of Ukraine". Institute of History of Ukraine. Retrieved 2022-05-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Ервін Міден. Полум'яні літа української революції: події в Седневі // Сайт УІНП
  6. ^ Перелік населених пунктів України занесених на «Чорні дошки» у 1932–1933 роках. Смт. Седнів
  7. ^ Постанова Кабінету Міністрів України від 26 липня 2001 р. №878 «Про затвердження Списку історичних населених місць України»
  8. ^ Світлини церкви Святого Юра (Георгія) в с. Седнів
  9. ^ В Седневе открыли уникальный музей энергетики, gorod.cn.ua, 22 грудня 2015

External linksEdit