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United States Secretary of Agriculture

  (Redirected from Secretary of Agriculture)

The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The current Secretary of Agriculture is former Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue. Perdue took office on April 25, 2017 after being confirmed by the U.S Senate 87-11. The position carries similar responsibilities to those of agriculture ministers in other governments.

Secretary of Agriculture of the United States
Seal of the United States Department of Agriculture.svg
Seal of the Department of Agriculture
Flag of the United States Secretary of Agriculture.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Agriculture
Secretary Sonny Perdue official photo.jpg
Incumbent
Sonny Perdue

since April 25, 2017
United States Department of Agriculture
Style Mr. Secretary
Member of Cabinet
Reports to The President
Seat Washington, D.C., U.S.
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument 7 U.S.C. § 2202
Formation February 15, 1889
First holder Norman Jay Coleman
Succession Ninth[1]
Deputy Deputy Secretary of Agriculture
Salary Executive Schedule, level 1
Website www.usda.gov

The department includes several organizations. The 297,000 mi2 (770,000 km2) of national forests and grasslands are managed by the United States Forest Service.[2] The safety of food produced and sold in the United States is ensured by the United States Food Safety and Inspection Service.[3] The Food Stamp Program works with the states to provide food to low-income people.[4] Advice for farmers and gardeners is provided by the United States Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service.[5]

Contents

List of Secretaries of AgricultureEdit

The following is a list of Secretaries of Agriculture, since the creation of the office in 1889.[6]

Parties

  Democratic (14)   Republican (18)

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1   Norman J. Coleman Missouri February 15, 1889 March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland
2   Jeremiah M. Rusk Wisconsin March 6, 1889 March 6, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
3   J. Sterling Morton Nebraska March 7, 1893 March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland
4   James Wilson Iowa March 5, 1897 March 3, 1913 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft
Woodrow Wilson
5   David F. Houston Missouri March 6, 1913 February 2, 1920
6   Edwin T. Meredith Iowa February 2, 1920 March 4, 1921
7   Henry C. Wallace Iowa March 5, 1921 October 25, 1924 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
8   Howard M. Gore West Virginia November 22, 1924 March 4, 1925
9   William M. Jardine Kansas March 5, 1925 March 4, 1929
10   Arthur M. Hyde Missouri March 6, 1929 March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
11   Henry A. Wallace Iowa March 4, 1933 September 4, 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt
12   Claude R. Wickard Indiana September 5, 1940 June 29, 1945
Harry S. Truman
13   Clinton P. Anderson New Mexico June 30, 1945 May 10, 1948
14   Charles F. Brannan Colorado June 2, 1948 January 20, 1953
15   Ezra Taft Benson Utah January 21, 1953 January 20, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
16   Orville Freeman Minnesota January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
17   Clifford M. Hardin Nebraska January 21, 1969 November 17, 1971 Richard Nixon
18   Earl Butz Indiana December 2, 1971 October 4, 1976
Gerald Ford
19   John A. Knebel Oklahoma November 4, 1976 January 20, 1977
20   Robert Bergland Minnesota January 23, 1977 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
21   John R. Block Illinois January 23, 1981 February 14, 1986 Ronald Reagan
22   Richard E. Lyng California March 7, 1986 January 21, 1989
23   Clayton K. Yeutter Nebraska February 16, 1989 March 1, 1991 George H. W. Bush
24   Edward R. Madigan Illinois March 8, 1991 January 20, 1993
25   Mike Espy Mississippi January 22, 1993 December 31, 1994 Bill Clinton
26   Dan Glickman Kansas March 30, 1995 January 20, 2001
27   Ann Veneman California January 20, 2001 January 20, 2005 George W. Bush
28   Mike Johanns Nebraska January 21, 2005 September 20, 2007
  Charles F. Cunner
(Acting)
Indiana September 20, 2007 January 28, 2008
29   Ed Schafer North Dakota January 28, 2008 January 20, 2009
30   Tom Vilsack Iowa January 20, 2009 January 13, 2017 Barack Obama
  Michael Scuse
Acting
Delaware January 13, 2017 January 20, 2017
  Mike Young
Acting
January 20, 2017 April 25, 2017 Donald Trump
31   Sonny Perdue Georgia April 25, 2017 Incumbent

Living former Secretaries of AgricultureEdit

As of December 2017, there are nine living former Secretaries of Agriculture, the oldest being Robert Bergland (served 1977-1981, born 1928). The most recent Secretary of Agriculture to die was Clayton Yeutter (served 1989–1991, born 1930), on March 4, 2017. The most recently serving Secretary to die was Edward Rell Madigan (1991-1993, born 1936) on December 7, 1994.

Name Term Birth date (and age)
John A. Knebel 1976–1977 (1936-10-04) October 4, 1936 (age 81)
Robert Bergland 1977–1981 (1928-07-22) July 22, 1928 (age 89)
John R. Block 1981–1986 (1935-02-15) February 15, 1935 (age 82)
Mike Espy 1993–1994 (1953-11-30) November 30, 1953 (age 64)
Dan Glickman 1995–2001 (1944-11-24) November 24, 1944 (age 73)
Ann Veneman 2001–2005 (1949-06-29) June 29, 1949 (age 68)
Mike Johanns 2005–2007 (1950-06-18) June 18, 1950 (age 67)
Ed Schafer 2008–2009 (1946-08-08) August 8, 1946 (age 71)
Tom Vilsack 2009-2017 (1950-12-13) December 13, 1950 (age 66)

Line of SuccessionEdit

The line of succession for the Secretary of Agriculture is as follows:[7]

  1. Deputy Secretary of Agriculture
  2. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Farm and Foreign Agriculture Services
  3. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Administration
  4. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food, Nutrition, and Consumer Services
  5. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Research, Education, and Economics
  6. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Food Safety
  7. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Natural Resources and Environment
  8. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Rural Development
  9. Under Secretary of Agriculture for Marketing and Regulatory Programs
  10. General Counsel of the Department of Agriculture
  11. Chief of Staff, Office of the Secretary
  12. State Executive Directors of the Farm Service Agency (in order of seniority by length of unbroken tenure) for the States of:
    1. California
    2. Iowa
    3. Kansas
  13. Regional Administrators of the Food and Nutrition Service (in order of seniority by length of unbroken tenure) for the:
    1. Mountain Plains Regional Office (Denver, Colorado)
    2. Midwest Regional Office (Chicago, Illinois)
    3. Western Regional Office (San Francisco, California)
  14. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Agriculture
  15. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Civil Rights
  16. Assistant Secretary of Agriculture for Congressional Relations

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/3/19
  2. ^ "USDA Forest Service - Caring for the land and serving people". Fs.fed.us. Retrieved 2005-09-24. 
  3. ^ "Home". Fs.fed.us. Retrieved 2005-09-24. 
  4. ^ "FNS Food Stamp Program Home Page". Fns.usda.gov. Retrieved 2005-09-24. 
  5. ^ "Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service (CSREES)". Csrees.usda.gov. Retrieved 2005-09-24. 
  6. ^ "Former Secretaries". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  7. ^ "Amendments to Delegations of Authority, United States Department of Agriculture". Federalregister.gov. Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2016-10-29. 

External linksEdit