Executive branch of the government of Honduras

The Republic of Honduras is organized according to Title I: On the State[1] of the Honduran Constitution of 1982. According to Title V: Branches of the Government,[2] the three administrative branches are the legislative, executive and judicial. The legislative branch is the Congress of Deputies, which is elected by direct vote. Executive power is held by the president or, in the event of their death, by the vice-president. The judicial branch is composed of a supreme court, a court of appeals and other courts specified by the law.[3]


The president of Honduras, the head of state, government and supreme administrative authority, is chosen by its citizens. The current president is Juan Orlando Hernández, the fifty-fifth president, who was preceded by Porfirio Lobo Sosa. The vice-president is Ricardo Álvarez, former mayor of Tegucigalpa.


  1. To comply with and enforce the Constitution, treaties and conventions, laws, and other legal provisions
  2. To represent and direct the policies of the state
  3. To safeguard the independence and honor of the republic and the integrity and inviolability of its territory
  4. To maintain the peace and internal security of the republic and to repel attacks or external aggression
  5. To freely appoint and dismiss secretaries and deputy secretaries of the cabinet, along with other officials and employees whose appointment is not assigned to other authorities
  6. To convene the national congress in special sessions (through the permanent committee) or to propose the continuance of regular sessions
  7. To restrict or suspend the exercise of rights in agreement with the Council of Ministers, subject to the constitution
  8. To send messages to the congress at any time by personal appearance, and in writing when each legislative session begins
  9. To participate in the enacting of laws by introducing bills in the congress through the secretaries of the cabinet
  10. To give to the legislative and judicial powers and the supreme electoral tribunal the aid required to make their resolutions effective
  11. To issue directives, decrees, regulations and resolutions according to law
  12. To direct foreign policy and relations
  13. To conclude treaties and agreements and to ratify (following approval by the congress) international treaties of a political and military nature, those relating to national territory and sovereignty and concessions, those entailing financial obligations for the public treasury, those requiring amendment or repeal of a constitutional or legal provision and those requiring legislation for implementation
  14. To appoint (in accordance with the foreign-service law) the heads of diplomatic and consular missions, who shall be Honduran nationals by birth except for honorary posts or joint representatives of Honduras with other states
  15. To receive the heads of foreign diplomatic missions and representatives of international organizations; to issue the exequatur to (and withdraw it from) consuls of other states
  16. To command the armed forces the commander-in-chief and adopt measures necessary for the defense of the republic
  17. To declare war and make peace during a recess of the congress, which must be subsequently convened
  18. To oversee the official behavior of public officials and employees for the security and prestige of the government and state
  19. To administer the public treasury
  20. To adopt economic and financial measures when the national interest so requires and to give an account to the congress
  21. To negotiate loans and conclude contracts following approval by the congress, when appropriate
  22. To draw up the national development plan, discuss it with the council of ministers, submit it to the national congress for approval and direct and execute it
  23. To regulate tariffs according to law
  24. To pardon and commute sentences according to law
  25. To confer declarations according to law
  26. To ensure that state revenues are collected and to regulate their investment according to law
  27. To publish a quarterly statement of income and expenditure of public revenue
  28. To organize, direct, orient and promote public education, eradicate illiteracy and provide and improve technical education
  29. To adopt measures for the promotion, recovery and rehabilitation of public health and the prevention of disease
  30. To direct the economic and financial policy of the state
  31. To supervise and control banks, insurance companies and investment houses through a national banking and insurance commission whose membership and operation shall be governed by law, and to appoint the president and vice-presidents of the state banks according to law
  32. To prescribe measures and provisions to promote agrarian reform and improve productivity in rural areas
  33. To sanction, veto, promulgate and publish laws approved by the congress
  34. To direct and support economic and social integration, national and international, to improve the living conditions of the Honduran people
  35. To create, maintain and suppress public services, taking necessary measures for their efficient operation
  36. To confer military ranks from second lieutenant to captain, inclusive
  37. To see that the armed forces are apolitical, professional and obedient
  38. To issue and cancel naturalization papers authorized by the executive branch, according to law
  39. To award pensions, bonuses and allowances, according to law
  40. To confer legal status on civil organizations, according to law
  41. To ensure harmony between capital and labor
  42. To fix and revise the minimum wage, according to law
  43. To permit or deny, following authorization by the congress, transit through Honduran territory of foreign troops
  44. To permit (following authorization by the congress) the departure of Honduran troops to serve in foreign territory, in accordance with international treaties and conventions for the maintenance of peace
  45. Other powers and duties conferred by the constitution and legislation[4]

Ministries and secretariesEdit

President Juan Orlando Hernández has eliminated some cabinet positions, absorbing their duties into new (and existing) ministries.

Minister Secretary
Vice-president Ricardo Álvarez Arias
Presidential designates Rossana Guevara, Ricardo Antonio Álvarez Arias, Lorena Herrera
General Coordinator of Government José Ramón Hernández Alcerro
Minister of the Interior and Population Rigoberto Chang Castle
Minister of Finance of Honduras Wilfredo Cerrato
Minister of the Presidency Reinaldo Sánchez
Coordinator of Investments and Cooperation, External Relations and Tourism Alden Rivera
Minister of Defense and Security Marlon Pascua
Minister of Industry and Commerce José Adonis Lavaire
Minister of Health Yolany Batres
Minister of Infrastructure and Energy, Public Works and Transport Roberto Ordoñez
Minister of Agriculture and Livestock Jorge Wolf
Minister Director of Communications and Government Strategy Christa Castro
Minister of Inclusion and Development
Council of Ministers Ebal Díaz
Minister Director of Communications and Government Policy Hilda Hernández
Minister of Labor and Social Security Carlos Alberto Madero Erazo
Minister of Social Development Lisandro Rosebushes
Central Bank President Marlon Tábora
Executive Direction of Income Miriam Guzmán

General budgetEdit

In January 2014, the government of Honduras approved a general budget of 183,635,281,000 lempiras ($9 billion), allocated as follows:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "In Spanish, TITULO I: DEL ESTADO. "Title 1: On the State."".
  2. ^ "In the original Spanish, "Titulo V: De Los Poderes Del Estado."".
  3. ^ "Constitute Project - Constitution of Honduras" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Constitute Project - Article 245 of Constitution of Honduras" (PDF).
  5. ^ Newspaper The Herald

External linksEdit