Open main menu

Second term of Donald Tsang as Chief Executive of Hong Kong

The Second term of Donald Tsang as Chief Executive of Hong Kong, officially referred to as "The 3rd term Chief Executive of Hong Kong" relates to the period of governance of Hong Kong since the transfer of sovereignty of Hong Kong, between 1 July 2007 and 30 June 2012. Former civil-servant Donald Tsang was the Chief Executive throughout the duration.

Second Donald Tsang Government
Regional Emblem of Hong Kong.svg
3rd Government of the Hong Kong
Special Administrative Region
Don&Selina 220.jpg
Date formed1 July 2007 (2007-07-01)
Date dissolved30 June 2012 (2012-06-30)
People and organisations
Head of stateHu Jintao
Head of governmentDonald Tsang
No. of ministers15
Member partiesDAB, LP, FTU, TA, ES
Status in legislaturePro-Beijing majority
Opposition partyPan-democracy camp
Election(s)2007 Chief Executive election
Legislature term(s)3rd Legislative Council
4th Legislative Council
PredecessorFirst Tsang government
SuccessorLeung government


Donald Tsang won the landslide victory by winning 649 votes in the 800-member Election Committee against pro-democrat contender, Civic Party legislator Alan Leong.



The bureaux were reorganised and expanded by adding one new Development Bureau headed by Carrie Lam.

Major change in the office was the Chief Secretary Henry Tang resigned from office in September 2011 in order to run in the 2012 Chief Executive election. The post was filled by the Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Stephen Lam.

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Chief Executive Donald Tsang1 July 200730 June 2012Nonpartisan
Chief Secretary for Administration Henry Tang1 July 200730 September 2011Nonpartisan
 Stephen Lam30 September 201130 June 2012Nonpartisan
Financial Secretary John Tsang1 July 2007Leung INonpartisan
Secretary for Justice Wong Yan-lung20 October 200530 June 2012Nonpartisan
Secretary for the Civil Service Denise Yue24 January 200630 June 2012Nonpartisan
Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Frederick Ma1 July 200211 July 2008Nonpartisan
 Rita Lau12 July 200811 April 2011Nonpartisan
 Gregory So28 June 2011Leung IDAB
Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Stephen Lam1 July 200729 September 2011Nonpartisan
 Raymond Tam30 September 2011Leung INonpartisan
Secretary for Development Carrie Lam1 July 200730 June 2012Nonpartisan
Secretary for Education Michael Suen1 July 200730 June 2012Nonpartisan
Secretary for the Environment Edward Yau1 July 200730 June 2012Nonpartisan
Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury KC Chan1 July 2007Leung INonpartisan
Secretary for Food and Health York Chow12 October 200430 June 2012Nonpartisan
Secretary for Home Affairs Tsang Tak-sing1 July 2007Leung INonpartisan
Secretary for Labour and Welfare Matthew Cheung1 July 2007Leung INonpartisan
Secretary for Security Ambrose Lee1 July 200730 June 2012Nonpartisan
Secretary for Transport and Housing Eva Cheng1 July 200730 June 2012Nonpartisan

Executive Council non-official membersEdit

The Executive Council consisted of a total of 31 members: 3 secretaries of the department and 12 secretaries of the bureaux and 16 non-official members. In January 2009, Donald Tsang reorganised the Council by appointing 5 new members.

Jasper Tsang Yok-sing, the former chairman of the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB) resigned from the ExCo after he was elected as the President of the Legislative Council. The Chief Executive filled Lau Kong-wah, another DAB Legislative Council member to Jasper Tsang's seat.

Selina Chow of the Liberal Party resigned from the ExCo after she lost her LegCo seat in the 2008 Legislative Council election.

In October 2011, Leung Chun-ying resigned as the Convenor of the Executive Council non-official members to run for the Chief Executive election in 2012. Ronald Arculli became the Convenor until his term expired on 30 June 2012.

Members Affiliation Portfolio Took Office Left Office Ref
CY Leung Nonpartisan Non-official Convenor of the ExCo (1999–2011);
Chartered surveyor
1 July 1997 3 October 2011
Jasper Tsang DAB Legislative Councillor 1 July 2002 14 October 2008
Cheng Yiu-tong FTU General secretary of FTU 1 July 2002 Leung I
Andrew Liao Nonpartisan Former deputy judge of High Court 1 July 2002 20 January 2009 [1]
Selina Chow Liberal Legislative Councillor 22 September 2003 18 September 2008
Laura Cha Nonpartisan Non-executive deputy chairman of HSBC 19 October 2004 Leung I [2]
Bernard Chan Alliance Businessman and politician 26 October 2004 20 January 2009
Ronald Arculli Nonpartisan Non-official Convenor of the ExCo (2011–12);
Chairman of HKEx
1 November 2005 30 June 2012
Charles Lee Nonpartisan Former chairman of HKEx and director of Cheung Kong Holdings 1 November 2005 30 June 2012
David Li Nonpartisan CEO of Bank of East Asia and Legislative Councillor 1 November 2005 15 February 2008
Leong Che-hung Nonpartisan Former Chairman of Hospital Authority 1 November 2005 30 June 2012
Marvin Cheung Nonpartisan Former Chairman of Airport Authority 1 November 2005 30 June 2012
Henry Fan Nonpartisan Managing director of CITIC Pacific 1 November 2005 20 January 2009
Victor Lo Nonpartisan CEO of Gold Peak Industries 1 November 2005 20 January 2009
Anthony Cheung Nonpartisan President of the Hong Kong Institute of Education 1 November 2005 30 June 2012
Rafael Hui Nonpartisan Former Chief Secretary 1 July 2007 20 January 2009
Lau Kong-wah DAB Legislative Councillor 15 October 2008 30 June 2012
Lau Wong-fat Economic Synergy Chairman of Heung Yee Kuk 21 January 2009 30 June 2012
Lawrence J. Lau Nonpartisan Former vice-chancellor of Chinese University of Hong Kong 21 January 2009 30 June 2012
Anna Wu Nonpartisan Management consultant 21 January 2009 Leung I [3]
Marjorie Yang Nonpartisan Council Chairwoman of Hong Kong Polytechnic University 21 January 2009 30 June 2012
V-nee Yeh Nonpartisan Honorary chairman of Value Partners Group 21 January 2009 30 June 2012

Second termEdit

Five-year policy blueprintEdit

Following his re-election as the Chief Executive in 2007, Tsang set out the 5-year blueprint for the Third Term HKSAR Government in his Policy Address (2007–08). He stressed the importance of "progressive development", a core element of which is the promotion of community development through revitalization of the built heritage in the city.which is to be realized by promoting economic development through infrastructure projects, promoting community development through revitalization, and promoting social harmony under the concept of helping people to help themselves.

Ten major infrastructure projectsEdit

Tsang has undertaken to push ahead with 10 large-scale infrastructure projects within his term of office to boost economic activities and improve the living environment in Hong Kong. Those projects include: (1) Extension of the mass transit railway to Southern District; (2) Sha Tin to Central Link; (3) Tuen Mun Western Bypass and Tuen Mun-Chek Lap Kok Link; (4) Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link; (5) Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge; (6) Hong Kong-Shenzhen Airport Co-operation; (7) Hong Kong-Shenzhen Joint Development of the Lok Ma Chau Loop; (8) West Kowloon Cultural District; (9) Kai Tak Development Plan; and (10) New Development Areas at Kwu Tung North, Fanling North, Ping Che and Ta Kwu Ling and Hung Shui Kiu.

Education reformEdit

Placing a strong emphasis on education, Tsang decided to extend free education in Hong Kong from nine to twelve years starting from the 2008-2009 school year. Coupled with the Pre-primary Education Voucher Scheme, Tsang aimed at reducing inter-generational poverty by helping children of low-income families grow and learn from early childhood to adolescence.

Heritage ConservationEdit

Tsang set up a Commissioner for Heritage Office and earmarked $1 billion to revitalize historic buildings. He also proposed a series of revitalization projects that would add a new dimension to Central. For instance, to reduce the development density of the Central Ferry Piers site and open up the public space along the waterfront for entertainment, recreational and cultural uses; to remove the Central Market from the Application List and hand it over to the Urban Renewal Authority for conservation and revitalization; and to convert the Murray Building into a hotel through open tender etc.

Environmental protectionEdit

The Government is committed to reducing the energy intensity of Hong Kong by at least 25% by 2030, compared to 2005 levels. A series of measures have been introduced to promote the use of cleaner fuel and improved energy efficiency. For example, progress was being made on ensuring the provision of cleaner fuel from the Mainland to Hong Kong including starting work on the construction a pipeline supplying natural gas to the city and the recently renewed agreement on the supply of nuclear electricity for a further term of 20 years.

Political Appointments SystemEdit

The government named eight newly appointed Undersecretaries on 20 May 2008, and nine Political Assistants two days later, out of a total of 24 newly created positions ostensibly to work closely with bureau secretaries and top civil servants in implementing the Chief Executive's policy blueprint and agenda in an executive-led government. Tsang described the appointments as a milestone in the development of Hong Kong's political appointment system.[4]

A row endured for three weeks over the appointees' foreign nationalities, experience and remuneration levels, and transparency of the selection process. Tsang apologised for not having arranged for the new appointees to meet the public, whilst maintaining there were important points of principle to defend vis à vis the appointees' remuneration and nationalities.[5] Tsang was criticised for the lack of transparency over the appointments, and his apology was seen as 'grudging' and 'reluctant'.[6] A SCMP poll conducted by TNS showed Tsang's popularity declining sharply following the three-week row over the introduction of the Political Appointments System; his disapproval rating rose from 18% to a record 24%, while his approval rating declined from 66% to 60.8% in the space of three weeks.[7] His approval/disapproval rating continued to deteriorate, and stood at 39 percent/41 percent as at late August 2008.[8]

Financial stimulus packagesEdit

Since the outbreak of the financial tsunami in September 2008, the Hong Kong SAR Government immediately introduced a series of measures with a view to "stabilising the financial system, supporting enterprises and preserving employment". The Hong Kong Monetary Authority introduced a full deposit protection scheme. The Government also launched a loan guarantee schemes to stabilize thousands of enterprises and secure more than 240 000 jobs. The Government's relief measures have amounted to more than HK$87 billion — equivalent to 5.2% of the city’s GDP, higher than the average for the G-20 economies. These measures have successfully stabilized the economy without impairing the Government's fiscal position in the long term.

On 16 July 2008, Donald Tsang announced some "extraordinary measures for extraordinary times",[9] giving a total of HK$11 billion in inflation relief to help families' finances. Of which, the Employee Retraining levy on the employment of Foreign domestic helpers would be temporarily waived,[10] at an estimated cost of $HK2 billion.[9] It was intended that the levy would be waived for a two-year period on all helpers' employment contracts signed on or after 1 September 2008, but would not apply to ongoing contracts. The Immigration Department said it would not reimburse levies, which are prepaid half-yearly or yearly in advance. The announcement resulted in chaos and confusion, and uncertainty for the helpers as some employers deferred contracts or had dismissed helpers pending confirmation of the effective date, leaving helpers in limbo.[11] On 20 July, Secretary for Labour and Welfare Matthew Cheung announced the waiver commencement date would be brought forward by one month. The Immigration Department would relax its 14-day re-employment requirement for helpers whose contracts expired.[12] On 30 July, the Executive Council approved the measures. After widespread criticism of the situation, the government also conceded that maids having advanced renewal of contract would not be required to leave Hong Kong through the discretion exercised by the Director of Immigration, and employers would benefit from the waiver simply by renewing the contract within the two-year period, admitting that some employers could benefit from the waiver for up to 4 years.[13] The administration's poor handling of the matter came in for heavy criticism. The administrative credibility and competence were called into question by journals from all sides of the political spectrum,[9] and by helpers and employers alike.

Leung Chin-man appointmentEdit

In August 2008, the appointment of Leung Chin-man as deputy managing director and executive director of New World China Land, subsidiary of New World Development, was greeted with uproar amidst widespread public suspicion that job offer was a quid pro quo for the favours he allegedly granted to NWD. Leung was seen to have been involved with the sale of the Hung Hom Peninsula HOS public housing estate to NWD at under-value in 2004.[14]

After a 12-month 'sterilisation period' after retirement, Leung submitted an application to the government on 9 May for approval to take up employment with New World China Land.[15] The Secretary for the Civil Service, Denise Yue Chung-yee, signed off on the approval for him to take up the job after his request passed through the vetting committee.[16]

Controversies surrounded not only the suspicions of Leung's own conflict of interest, but also of the insensitivity of the committee which recommended the approval for him to take up his lucrative new job less than two years after his official retirement.[14] New World argued that they hired Leung in good faith after government clearance.

On 15 August, the Civil Service Bureau issued the report requested by Donald Tsang, where they admitted that they had neglected to consider Leung's role in the Hung Hom Peninsula affair.[17] Donald Tsang asked the SCS to reassess the approval, and submit a report to him.[18] New World Development announced in the early hours of 16 August that Leung had resigned from his post, without any compensation from either side or from the government, for the termination.[19]

The next day, Donald Tsang confirmed that Denise Yue would not have to resign. He was satisfied with her apology and with the explanations offered by her. Tsang ordered a committee, of which Yue was to be a member, to be set up to perform a sweeping review of the system to process applications for former civil servants.[20]

2009 Policy addressEdit

To maintain Hong Kong’s leading edge over global competitors and create more quality jobs, Tsang believed that Hong Kong must, on one hand, build on its strength as an international financial centre and try every means to enhance the flow of people, goods, capital and information that are related to the four pillar industries. On the other hand, Hong Kong should also promote six industries where it enjoys clear advantages. Those industries are: education services, medical services, testing and certification, environmental industries, innovation and technology, and cultural and creative industries.

Tsang's policy address disappointed the pan democratic legislators as lacked anything of substance, the only mention of political reform was of consultations to begin in the following month. Democrats and pro-establishment parties alike also criticised the speech for the absence of policies to address livelihood issues.[21] For the second year running, the three members of the League of Social Democrats interrupted the address, and throwing projectiles at the speaker. They were evicted.[22]

However, Tsang's plan to give each household a 100 Hong Kong dollar (US$13) voucher in February to buy fluorescent bulbs aroused controversy. The plan will be funded by Hong Kong's two major electricity companies, and paid for ultimately by the consumer - the utilities will be granted 50 and 60 HK cents increases per kilowatt-hour of electricity.[23] Ming Pao Daily News and Apple Daily sparked allegations of conflict of interests when they reported that the new policy may benefit Tsang's son's father-in-law, Mok Kam-tsuen, a Hong Kong distributor for Philips light bulbs.[24] Tsang said that he was aiming to safeguard public interests, and denied there was any conflict of interest.[25] A spokesman for Mok's company said they had never heard about the scheme before the policy address. Mr Mok also issued a statement, clarifying that his business has not monopolized the market, since his company also sells incandescent conventional light bulbs. In other words, any potential benefit that may be generated by the new policy will be offset by corresponding loss in the incandescent conventional light bulbs market. Lawmakers from across the political spectrum did not question Tsang's integrity.

Radio commentators suggested the policy and the allegations reflected a lack of political sensitivity on the part of the administration of public concerns about collusion between government officials and the business sector.

Zhou Yongjun incidentEdit

The administration was involved in controversy when Zhou Yongjun (周勇军), a former student activist during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, was rendered by the Hong Kong authorities to the People's Republic of China in September 2008. Zhou had attempted to enter Hong Kong from the United States via Macau using a forged Malaysian passport. Zhou's supporters alleged the renditioning to be illegal, and his lawyer, Democratic Party chairman Albert Ho, described Zhou's case as "posing the biggest challenge to the one country, two systems principle laid down in the Basic Law." The Government of Hong Kong refused to comment on individual cases;[26] the People's Republic of China jailed Zhou for nine years, for an alleged incident of financial fraud in Hong Kong.[27]

Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail LinkEdit

The government proposed construction Express Rail Link connecting Kowloon with the high-speed rail network of the People's Republic of China (PRC) at Shenzhen. As its name suggests, it is part of the rail link between Hong Kong and Guangzhou, the capital city of the Guangdong Province. Concerns over many aspects of the project were expressed, including significant cost escalations compared to estimates made one year previously; there were demonstrations of more than 1,000 people protesting against the construction of the rail link in late 2009 and early 2010.[28] The Executive Council approved the implementation on 20 October 2009, paving the way for funding approval from the Finance Committee of the Legislative Council.[29] Appropriations for the project of $64 billion were the territory's legislature on 16 January 2010 against the objections of the pro-democracy legislators.[30]

Democratic development in Hong KongEdit

Following the launch of proposals for electoral reform in November 2009 which pan-democrats branded as a "rehash of the 2005 reform proposals",[31] five pan-democrats resigned from the Legislative Council in early 2010 to trigger a by-election. They will stand in the by-election which they claim can be regarded as a de facto referendum for universal suffrage and the abolition of the functional constituencies.

2012 Junket controversyEdit

In February 2012, Tsang was discovered to have received favours and hospitality from business tycoons on various occasions; there were also allegations of preferential allocation of a luxury apartment to Tsang in exchange for granting of a broadcasting licence.[32] The Hong Kong media exposed Tsang's plan to live his retirement life in a 6,500 sq ft apartment in the nearby city of Shenzhen. The luxurious apartment is owned by the developer Wong Cho-bau, who has ties with the Chinese government and runs multiple businesses in both China and Hong Kong. It was reported that Tsang was set to rent the flat at a substantially discounted rate while renovation works, provided by the developer, were tailored to the demands of Tsang's wife. Tsang argued that declaration was not necessary and that his lease did not affect the government's decision on granting the broadcasting licence to DBC; he also argued that the lease was at market value.[32] The rental arrangement was widely considered politically insensitive and Tsang eventually dropped the plan in April. He was later summoned to answer questions from an open inquiry by the Hong Kong Legislative Council. This unprecedented revelations and move to impeach him launched by a pro-establishment legislator shook the confidence in integrity of the city's officials.[33] Within weeks, two property magnates and the former chief secretary in his administration were arrested under allegations of bribery and corruption.[34][35] The case resulted in the conviction of Rafael Hui, Thomas Kwok, and several executives of Sun Hung Kai Properties who acted as middlemen.[36][37]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "The Honourable Andrew LIAO Cheung-sing, GBS, SC, JP". Executive Council. Archived from the original on 27 April 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "The Honourable Mrs Laura CHA SHIH May-lung, GBS, JP". Executive Council. Retrieved 2 May 2013.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "The Honourable Anna WU Hung-yuk, GBS, JP". Executive Council. Archived from the original on 11 September 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. ^ Diana Lee, "High hopes for appointees" Archived 2009-09-17 at the Wayback Machine, The Standard, 21 May 2008
  5. ^ Gary Cheng & Ambrose Leung, "Tsang offers partial apology on appointees", Pg A1, South China Morning Post, 11 June 2008
  6. ^ Chris Yeung, "It's going to take more than an apology to end the controversy", Pg A3, South China Morning Post, 11 June 2008
  7. ^ Eva Wu, "Chief's ratings fall", Pg A3, South China Morning Post, 11 June 2008
  8. ^ "Approval rating for CE record low". RTHK. 27 August 2008. Retrieved 27 July 2008. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  9. ^ a b c Chris Yeung (3 August 2008). "HK needs better leadership, Mr Tsang". South China Morning Post. pp. A3.
  10. ^ Bonnie Chen (17 July 2008). "$11b on table to ease inflation pain". The Standard. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ Beatrice Siu (18 July 2008). "Waiver leaves maids in limbo". The Standard. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ Beatrice Siu (21 July 2008). "New hope for maids". The Standard. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ Bonnie Chen & Beatrice Siu (31 July 2008). "Maids can stay put". The Standard. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ a b Daniel Sin (9 August 2008). "Tsang's civil unrest". South China Morning Post. pp. A14.
  15. ^ Gary Cheung (16 August 2008). "Officials didn't see decision causing a row". South China Morning Post. pp. A10.
  16. ^ Diana Lee (5 August 2008). "Former housing chief faces legal bid to demolish his job with developer". The Standard. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  17. ^ Secretary for the Civil Service (15 August 2008). "SCS submits report to Chief Executive on Leung Chin-man's case" (Press release). Civil Service Bureau, Hong Kong Government.
  18. ^ Chief Executive of Hong Kong (15 August 2008). "Statement of the Chief Executive's Office" (Press release). Chief Executive's Office, Hong Kong Government.
  19. ^ Ng Kang-chung (16 August 2008). "Ex-official quits job with developer". South China Morning Post. pp. A1.
  20. ^ Eva Wu (17 August 2008). "Tsang orders sweeping review after job storm". South China Morning Post. pp. A6.
  21. ^ Lee, Diana (15 October 2009). "Democrat anger at no wind of change". The Standard. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  22. ^ Central Station (15 October 2009). "Legco bad boys go bananas over president". The Standard. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  23. ^ Chiang, Scarlett (15 October 2009). "Scheme offers light-bulb relief but higher bills". The Standard. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  24. ^ AP (16 October 2009). "Hong Kong leader's light bulb plan raises conflict-of-interest allegations". Hurriyet Daily News.
  25. ^ Lee, Colleen; Chan, Peggy (17 October 2009). "No conflict of interest in lightbulb plan: Tsang". China Daily.
  26. ^ "Government statement on Mr Zhou Yongjun's case" (Press release). Government of Hong Kong. 12 October 2009. In response to media enquiries on the case concerning Mr Zhou Yongjun, a government spokesman said today (October 12): "We do not comment on individual cases. The Immigration Department has the responsibility to uphold effective immigration control. The department handles all entry applications in accordance with the law and immigration policy, having due regard to individual circumstances. In general, a passenger whose travel document does not meet the entry requirements will be repatriated to his or her place of embarkation or origin."
  27. ^ Macartney, Jane (21 January 2010). "Chinese democracy leader Zhou Yongjun jailed for fraud". The Times.
  28. ^ Angry rail-link protesters clash with police Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine, The Standard, 30 November 2009
  29. ^ ExCo approves implementation of high-speed rail link, Hong Kong Government, 20 October 2009
  30. ^ Song, Shengxia (18 January 2010), Hongkongers protest vote on high-speed rail, People's Daily, Global Times, retrieved 28 January 2010
  31. ^ Chiang, Scarlett (19 November 2009), 'Don't miss this crucial step' Archived 2011-06-04 at the Wayback Machine, The Standard
  32. ^ a b Luk, Eddie (27 February 2012). "Tsang denies license link to penthouse deal" Archived 2013-09-07 at the Wayback Machine. The Standard
  33. ^ Luk, Eddie (29 February 2012). "Impeachment pressure grows" Archived 2015-12-08 at the Wayback Machine. The Standard.
  34. ^ "Hong Kong: Revelations In SHK Bribery Case; Collusion Between Politicians And Property Tycoons – OpEd". 16 July 2012.
  35. ^ CNN, By Kevin Voigt. "Tycoon arrests rock Hong Kong -". CNN.
  36. ^ "Former chief secretary Rafael Hui found guilty." RTHK English News. 19 December 2014.
  37. ^ Lee, Yimou; Ko, Lizzie (19 December 2014). "Hong Kong former official, property tycoon guilty in graft case". Reuters. 19 December 2014.
Preceded by
Tsang I
Government of Hong Kong
Succeeded by
CY Leung